Hyper-production of Taxol from Aspergillus fumigatus, an endophytic fungus isolated from Taxus sp. of the Northern Himalayan region

Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Biotechnology ReportsAuthor(s): Pradeep Kumar, Balwant Singh, Vikram Thakur, Abhishek Thakur, Nandita Thakur, Deepak Pandey, Duni ChandAbstractTaxol® (generic name Paclitaxel) is a chemotherapeutic drug, effective against head, neck, breast, lung, bladder, ovary, and cervix cancers. Rising demands in chemotherapy and limited supply of natural taxol have ultimately increased the cost of the drug. Semi synthesis using taxol precursors is not able to meet the global supply and has intensified the need to find alternative ways of taxol production. In the present study, 34 different endophytes were isolated from Taxus sp. collected from Shimla, Himachal Pradesh (India). Primary screening of taxol-producing fungi was carried out based on the presence of dbat gene, essential for the taxol biosynthetic pathway. A fungal isolate TPF-06 was screened to be a taxol-producing strain based on the PCR amplification results. It was characterized and identified as Aspergillus fumigatus by 18S rRNA (Accession No. KU-837249). Multiple sequence alignment (MSA) of nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and phylogenetic analysis confirmed that strain belonged to A. fumigatus clade (Accession No. MF-374798) and is endophytic in nature. Presence of taxol was detected and quantified by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and characterized by using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC), Ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopy...
Source: Biotechnology Reports - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

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In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Source: Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators - Category: Lipidology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Journal of Food Composition and AnalysisAuthor(s): Afsaneh Mohajer, Abbas Norouzian Baghani, Parisa Sadighara, Kiandokht Ghanati, Shahrokh NazmaraAbstractIn this current study, the contents of heavy metals including Pb, As, Cr, Cd, Zn, Cu, and Mn in imported rice bran oil in Iran were investigated with microwave digestion method based on an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry system (ICP-OES). The concentrations range of Pb, Cr, Cd, As, Zn, and Cu in rice bran oil samples were measured as 0.066 - 0.30, 0.008 - 0.014, 0.005 - 0.01, 0.047- 0.01, ...
Source: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 25 April 2020Source: Food Chemistry, Volume 310Author(s): Jian Ju, Yunfei Xie, Hang Yu, Yahui Guo, Yuliang Cheng, Rongrong Zhang, Weirong YaoAbstractConsumers’ preferences for cleaner label products require the food industry to replace synthetic preservatives with natural substitutes. Therefore, the synergistic inhibitory effect of eugenol and citral (SEC) on Aspergillus niger was explored. On this basis, the antimicrobial sachet containing SEC was developed and its application potential in bread preservation was evaluated. The content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) showe...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: Hill BG, Shiva S, Ballinger S, Zhang J, Darley-Usmar VM Abstract It is now becoming clear that human metabolism is extremely plastic and varies substantially between healthy individuals. Understanding the biochemistry that underlies this physiology will enable personalized clinical interventions related to metabolism. Mitochondrial quality control and the detailed mechanisms of mitochondrial energy generation are central to understanding susceptibility to pathologies associated with aging including cancer, cardiac and neurodegenerative diseases. A precision medicine approach is also needed to evaluate the ...
Source: Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Tags: Biol Chem Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Sarah Ali Abdelaziz Ismael, Ammar Mohammed, Hesham HefnyAbstractCancer is the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular diseases. Out of all types of cancer, brain cancer has the lowest survival rate. Brain tumors can have different types depending on their shape, texture, and location. Proper diagnosis of the tumor type enables the doctor to make the correct treatment choice and help save the patient's life. There is a high need in the Artificial Intelligence field for a Computer Assisted Diagnosis (CAD) syste...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): Vimal Kishore, Lalit Kumar, Manindra Bhushan, Girigesh YadavAbstractTo fabricate a cost effective low density heterogeneous phantom with the combination of racemosa wood and Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) for dose verification in the high energy photon beam. The use of solid tissue equivalent material for dose verification is a well accepted and common practice for dosimetric studies. The measured Hounsfield units (HU), relative electron density, mass density were −776.6 ± 72.4, 0.223 ± 0.072, ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Neutrophils, as "Trojan horses", participate in the delivery of therapeutical PLGA nanoparticles into a tumor based on the chemotactic effect. Drug Deliv. 2020 Dec;27(1):1-14 Authors: Hao J, Chen J, Wang M, Zhao J, Wang J, Wang X, Li Y, Tang H Abstract Inspired by the fact that leukocytes have innate phagocytic functions and oriented migration capabilities in response to chemoattractants, we have unveiled that endogenous neutrophils as "Trojan horses", participate in the delivery of nanoparticles in an "in vivo self-armed assembly" manner. Neutrophils were the main populat...
Source: Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Deliv Source Type: research
Conclusion: Vulnerable populations were found to be less knowledgeable on risk factors and they had poor practice. Education had significant impact on knowledge and attitude of urban population; however, their practice did not improve with education. PMID: 31815581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Authors: Chaaben Arij B, Nesrine O, Hayet D, Fayza A, Hajer A, Tesnim M, Latifa H, Cathy F, Wahid B, Rajagopal K, Dominique C, Sonia G, Fethi G, Ryad T Abstract The MHC class I chain-related molecule A (MICA) is a ligand for the activating natural killer (NK) cell receptor NKG2D. A part from its genetic diversity, MICA is characterized by the presence of membrane-bound and soluble isoform (sMICA) and by the propensity to elicit antibody-mediated allogeneicity (MICA Abs). Altogether such properties are important in the cancer setting. Here, we investigated whether MICA polymorphism, serum level of sMICA and MICA ant...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 March 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1204Author(s): Puspendu Roy, Deblina Sarkar, Paramita Ghosh, Chandan Kumar Manna, Nabendu Murmu, Tapan Kumar MondalAbstractA new fluorescent Rh(III) cyclometalated complex, [Rh(PPh3)2(L)Cl] (1) is synthesized via sp2(C)–S bond activation of a thioether containing azo-phenol ligand (L-SCH2CH3). The pseudo octahedral geometry around rhodium is confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. Cyclic voltammogram of the complex exhibits a quasi-reversible oxidation couple with E1/2 of 0.74 V (ΔE = 100 mV) along wi...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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