Prognostic role of NLR, PLR, and LMR in patients with pulmonary embolism.

This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic role of NLR, PLR, and LMR in PE. A total of 103 PE cases from a cardiology department were included in the study. Control group consisted of 102 patients selected from outpatient clinics other than cardiology, cardiovascular surgery, and chest diseases. We retrospectively evaluated demographic and clinical characteristics, treatments, laboratory and imaging findings, and outcomes of patients. The median follow-up of PE patients was 39 months, and the 5-year overall survival probability was 73.8%. Out of 103 patients, 20 were classified as high risk PE cases (19.4%). Thrombolytic treatment was administered to 23 patients (22.3%). Systolic pulmonary arterial pressure was measured during one year, showing a significant decrease from 51.7 ± 15.7 mmHg at admission to 26.6 ± 4.0 mmHg at first year assessment. Age (OR: 1.06, p
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research

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The objectives of this study were to compare in-hospital outcomes of repair versus ligation of isolated PVI, as well as to determine nonvascular factors associated with worse outcomes.MethodsPatients in the National Trauma Databank from 2007 to 2014 with at least one PVI were evaluated. First, patients with concomitant PVI and PAI were compared with patients with isolated PVI. Second, outcomes were compared between ligation and repair of isolated PVI. To limit the impact of concomitant injuries and focus on the impact of venous injury management, we defined isolated PVI as cases without concomitant PAI and with Abbreviated...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
The concept of post Pulmonary Embolism syndrome includes various combinations of functional, haemodynamic or imaging abnormalities in patients after pulmonary embolism (PE). Although residual obstruction of pulmonary vascular bed is suggested to be a major cause of post Pulmonary Embolism syndrome (post-PE syndrome) other cardiopulmonary abnormalities can be responsible for functional impairment. Therefore, we analyzed the frequency of post-PE syndrome and its potential causes.
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite well-documented roles of JAM-A and PECAM-1 for the regulation of endothelial junctions, only for ESAM we detected an essential role for endothelial barrier integrity in a tissue-specific way. In addition, we found that it is ESAM which prevents endothelial junction rupture in the lung when VE-cadherin is absent. PMID: 31826650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
AbstractABO blood group has been associated with various disease phenotypes. However, ABO blood group to influence patients in risk of venous thromboembolic events (VTEs) and arterial thromboembolic events (ATEs) remains controversial after evaluation in several reports. To fully assess effects of ABO blood group on VTEs and ATEs, we conducted a cross-sectional study and investigated the interaction between blood group and age, and between blood group and sex on the prevalence of VTEs and ATEs. In addition, the effect of blood group on ATEs in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) was observed. Detailed information of 783...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Authors: Peterson EA, Lee AYY Abstract Malignancy is associated with a high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), and treatment with anticoagulant therapy is associated with a high risk of bleeding. Thus, accurate and timely VTE diagnosis in cancer patients is essential for identifying individuals who would benefit from anticoagulant therapy and for avoiding unnecessary treatment that can cause anticoagulant-related bleeding. The approach to the diagnosis of VTE in non-cancer patients involves a stepwise process beginning with an assessment of the pretest probability (PTP) of VTE using a validated clinical predicti...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang Y, Ma L, Fu Q, Zhao T, Yan RY, Su X Abstract Thrombolytic treatment is recommended for patients with high-risk pulmonary embolism. The present study compared thrombolytic therapy with urokinase and reteplase. A total of 37 patients presenting with acute high-risk pulmonary embolism at the Intensive Care Unit of Weinan Central Hospital of Shaanxi Province (Weinan, China) between June 2013 and January 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to their treatment, these subjects were assigned to the reteplase group (n=16) or the urokinase group (n=21). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR) a...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a condition with a considerable incidence variation worldwide. In Brazil, the exact epidemiology of aneurysmal SAH is unknown. The most common presenting symptom is headache, usually described as the worst headache ever felt. Head computed tomography, when performed within six hours of the ictus, has a sensitivity of nearly 100%. It is important to classify the hemorrhage based on clinical and imaging features as a way to standardize communication. Classification also has prognostic value. In order to prevent rebleeding, there still is controversy regarding the ideal blood pre...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study aimed to provide information about the occurrence and spatial morphometric characteristics of the left atrial ridge.Methods and ResultsThe macroscopic morphology of the left atrial ridge was assessed in 200 autopsied human hearts. The ridge was observed in 59.5% of specimens and was absent in the remaining 40.5% of cases. The mean length of the ridge was 22.4 ±5.1 mm. It was wider at its inferior sector when compared to its superior sector (9.1±5.0 vs. 7.9±3.2mm, p=0.028). The total wall thickness measured at the cross section of the ridge was significantly larger in the inferior than in sup...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ‐ EXPERIMENTAL Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The effect of PAP therapy on all-cause mortality was uncertain. In addition, although we found evidence that PAP therapy did not reduce the risk of cardiac-related mortality and rehospitalisation, there was some indication of an improvement in quality of life for heart failure patients with CSA. Furthermore, the evidence was insufficient to determine whether adverse events were more common with PAP than with usual care. These findings were limited by low- or very low-quality evidence. PAP therapy may be worth considering for individuals with heart failure to improve quality of life. PMID: 31797360 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conclusion: In Behçet's disease, coronary artery bypass grafting is a procedure with high mortality, especially in the acute period. The on-pump surgery technique in these cases can be safely performed for multiple bypa sses and in patients above 40 years old.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
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