How the world got wired

Publication date: 16 November 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 244, Issue 3256Author(s): Shaoni BhattacharyaGo into overdrive at an exhibition about our sleep-deprived times, then chill by exploring the importance of rest, says Shaoni Bhattacharya
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research

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Authors: Yu X, Wang J, Hou S, Zeng R Abstract Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis in pediatric patients is rare and may cause severe micrognathia and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. The present study reports on the treatment and 4-year follow-up of a pediatric patient with early-onset bilateral TMJ ankylosis and severe secondary micrognathia, as well as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. A typical 'bird face' appearance was noted with severe mandible retrognathism and a significant convex facial profile. The treatment of this patient involved TMJ ankylosis release with condylectomy and simultaneous bilateral m...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ConclusionLes capacités de rotation mentale et la fatigue semblent être des déterminants de la MVS, tandis que les capacités de rotation mentale et le niveau d’activité physique prédisent les performances de navigation spatiale. L’entraînement de ces facteurs devrait améliorer les capacités de MVS chez les personnes âgées.
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the aggregation of alcohol consumption, smoking, excess weight, and short sleep in Brazilian adolescents. This was a cross-sectional multicenter study conducted with teens participating in the Study of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents (ERICA in Portuguese). The sample consisted of adolescents that answered the complete questionnaires on sleep, tobacco, and alcoholic beverages, in addition to having their weight and height measured. Aggregation was analyzed by comparing the observed and expected prevalence of risk factors in all possible groupings, with the respective 95% confidence int...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe typical anesthesia practices for children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). STUDY DESIGN: Online survey. METHOD: A sample of pediatric anesthesiologists received the survey by email. RESULTS: 110 respondents were included. 46.4% worked in a free-standing children's hospital and 32.7% worked in a children's facility within a general hospital. 73.6% taught residents. 44.4% saw at least one child with OSA per week, 25.5% saw them daily. On a 100-mm visual analog scale, respondents rated their comfort with managing these children as 84.94 (...
Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Source Type: research
Study Design. This is an observational cohort study. Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of PT to an interdisciplinary treatment approach in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Summary of Background Data. CLBP is a costly and potentially disabling condition. Physical therapy (PT), cognitive behavioral therapy, and interdisciplinary pain programs (IPPs) are superior to usual care. Empirical evidence is lacking to clearly support one treatment approach over another in patients with CLBP. Methods. One hundred seventeen adult patients who completed an IPP for individuals with &g...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusions: Many of the corneal topographic and biomechanical variables in patients with severe OSAHS present different values from the general population with a trend toward KC values, such as keratoconus index or paired keratoconus index. Compared with the control group, significant differences were found in corneal volume, corneal elevation, and minimum radius.
Source: Cornea - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Journal of Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Hiroki Murai, Hiroto Suzuki, Hirochi Tanji, Tomoki Kimura, Yoshinori IbaAbstractWe investigated the effects of sleep-inducing agents with different mechanisms of action on the loss of the righting reflex induced by isoflurane or a mixture of medetomidine, midazolam, and butorphanol (MMB), followed by atipamezole reversal. Chlorpromazine and brotizolam delayed recovery from both types of anesthesia, whereas the melatonin receptor agonist ramelteon had no effect. The orexin receptor antagonist suvorexant delayed recovery f...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical CareAuthor(s): Amr Elkouny, Mohamed Al-Harbi, Vassilios Dimitirou, Ali Muzafar, Ali Nawaz, Amel FayedAbstractBackgroundObstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a serious condition that is usually undiagnosed in surgical patients exposing them to complications such as difficult intubation.ObjectivesTo evaluate the updated STOP-Bang in detecting OSA risk and its perioperative implications.MethodsPreoperative assessment for OSA risk of 845 adult patients using the updated STOP-Bang questionnaire was conducted. Evaluation of anesthetic events ...
Source: Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conditions:   Mediation;   Mood;   Habits;   Sleep Intervention:   Behavioral: Inner Engineering Intervention Sponsor:   Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Johnson KA, Gordon CJ, Grunstein RR Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies examining insomnia in populations with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have not distinguished between transient insomnia symptoms and insomnia disorder and associations have been confounded by other highly prevalent sleep disorders post-TBI. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between affective symptoms and somatoform symptoms in patients with TBI and insomnia, sleep apnoea and hypersomnolence. METHODS: Twenty-four participants from a multidisciplinary brain injury rehabilitation service with TBI were assessed for insomni...
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
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