Gender Differential in Health Care Utilisation in India

ConclusionTo tackle the gender related discrimination in health care utilisation and bring in the equity, it is essential to incorporate more women friendly measures. Women empowerment and their involvement in decision making power is imperative since these are the vital components of equity in health care services.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

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Abstract Globally, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components which are the major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, is higher among patients with severe mental illness (SMI) compared to the general population. This is mainly due to the deleterious lifestyles characterized by physical inactivity, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and unhealthy diets common among patients with SMI as well as due to cardiometabolic effects of psychotropic medications. Despite these conditions being highly prevalent among patients with SMI, little attention is given to these conditions during routine...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Enzyme and Microbial TechnologyAuthor(s): Liuyan Gu, Haibo Yuan, Xueqin Lv, Guangsheng Li, Rigang Cong, Jianghua Li, Guocheng Du, Long LiuAbstract5-Methylpyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (MPCA) is an important pharmaceutical intermediate and is used in the production of hypoglycemic agents and lipid-lowering drugs. This work aimed to develop a whole-cell biocatalytic process for the efficient synthesis of MPCA from 2, 5-dimethylpyrazine (DMP). Firstly, a whole-cell biocatalyst Escherichia coli strain was constructed by plasmid-based expression of xylene monooxygenase (XMO...
Source: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: PolymerAuthor(s): Weilong Chen, Kun Wu, Qi Liu, Mangeng LuAbstractSurface modification of filler is often utilized to effectively reduce interfacial thermal resistance in thermal conductive materials. In this work, pristine graphite was modified via Diels-Alder reaction with acrylic acid to improve the inertness of graphite (AA@G). FT-IR, Raman and XPS confirmed the reaction onto the surface of graphite. A series of poly (vinyl alcohol) composite loaded with AA@G and graphite was fabricated to investigate the interfacial interaction between matrix and filler. Both X...
Source: Polymer - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: PolymerAuthor(s): M. Socka, A. Michalski, I.M. Pelin, A. Pawlak, F. Tanasa, T. Biela, M. BaskoAbstractBiomimetic composites based on star-shaped poly(2,2-dimethyl trimethylene carbonate)s fitted with carboxyl end-groups (PDTC(COOH)4) and hydroxyapatite (HA) were prepared using grinding technique under solvent free conditions. The required carboxyl groups were introduced at the polymer by reaction of hydroxyl groups with succinic anhydride. The synthesis of star-shaped, hydroxyl terminated precursors was achieved applying ring-opening polymerization of 2,2-dimethyl t...
Source: Polymer - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These data impose a closer follow-up of smokers and pre-neoplastic cases and the utility of the broadspectrum polymerase chain reaction assay in laryngeal dysplastic and cancer lesions. This study may allow to develop biomarkers for early detection or recurrence surveillance, to identify therapeutic targets, and to begin individualization of treatment based on the biology of these tumours. KEY WORDS: HPV infection, Larynx, Laryngeal chronic hyperplastic inflammation, Squamous cell carcinoma. PMID: 31814599 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of Environmental SciencesAuthor(s): Jun Yang, Yutong Xue, Yuxi Liu, Jiguang Deng, Xiyun Jiang, Huan Chen, Hongxing DaiAbstractMesoporous Co3O4 (meso-Co3O4)-supported Pt (0.53 wt% Pt/meso-Co3O4) was synthesized via the KIT-6-templating and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-assisted reduction routes. Mesoporous CoO (meso-CoO) was fabricated through in situ reduction of meso-Co3O4 with glycerol, and the 0.18–0.69 wt% Pt/meso-CoO samples were generated by the PVA-assisted reduction method. Meso-Co3O4 and meso-CoO were of cubic crystal structure and the Pt ...
Source: Journal of Environmental Sciences - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 March 2020Source: Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 155Author(s): Peter K. Jonason, Daniel Talbot, Mitchell L. Cunningham, Jill ChonodyAbstractMany roads to psychological health exist, yet most are likely to conform to systematic, higher-order patterns. In a representative (on age and sex) sample of Australians (N = 1,232) and a Mechanical Turk sample from the USA (N = 602), secondary principle components analyses were conducted on two related measures of lower-order coping strategies (e.g., denial, active planning) revealing three similar (but not identical), higher-ord...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Joanna B. Thompson, Shannon E. Conrad, Carmen Torres, Mauricio R. PapiniAbstractVarious sources of stress induce alcohol intake in rodents, including inescapable shocks, physical restraint, and reward loss. One hypothesis maintains that alcohol intake increases because its anxiolytic properties reduce negative emotion. A series of experiments explored this hypothesis using escapable vs. inescapable exposure to the well-lit circular platform of a Barnes maze in a master/yoked (M/Y) design, with pairs of rats matched in the amount of time on ...
Source: Learning and Motivation - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
AbstractThere is little research on the control strategies used by the general public to self-manage gambling habits and avoid harmful consequences. The current study sought to identify the most common self-control strategies of people who gamble regularly, the characteristics of those who use them, and assess the effectiveness of limit-setting strategies in reducing gambling-related harm. We recruited a large sample (N  = 10,054) of Canadian adults who reported gambling activity in the past 12 months. Participants completed a survey that assessed gambling habits, use of control strategies including quan...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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