Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome following apatinib for gastric cancer in an adult: A case report and a review of the literature
We present a case of RPLS induced by apatinib in this report. The patient had dizziness and bilateral lower limb weakness after apatinib use for 12 days. Diagnosis and interventions: Cranial T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed symmetrical increased signal intensity in bilateral areas of the basal ganglia, radiation crown, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, and occipital lobe, which was suggestive of RPLS. The patient discontinued apatinib use and was administered dexamethasone, mannitol, and antihypertensive drugs. Outcomes: The patient's blood pressure returned to normal and neurological symptoms improved after 3 days of discontinuation of apatinib use. Moreover, brain MRI showed complete resolution of previous changes after 44 days of discontinuation of apatinib use. Lessons: Increased blood pressure may damage the normal blood-brain barrier, resulting in the extravasation of the fluid into the brain parenchyma. Hypertension is a significant cause of RPLS. It is important to strictly monitor blood pressure during apatinib treatment.
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Kumiko Seki, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Rei Hashimoto, Akira Mitsuhashi, Jun-ichiro Ikeda, Makio Shozu
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This study confirmed consistent early onset of efficacy for fremanezumab in chronic migraine prevention, providing potential to improve patient compliance and clinical outcomes.Headache
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BACKGROUND: In 2016, the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons published a rectal cancer surgery checklist composed of the essential elements of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative care for patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether compliance with preoperative checklist elements was associated with improved pathologic and 30-day postoperative outcomes after rectal cancer surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The study involved North American hospitals contributing to the American College of Surgeons Nation...
CONCLUSIONS: The residual disease rate in patients treated surgically was higher than previously reported (43.2%). Incidence of recurrence in patients treated conservatively was low (4.4%). Areas of improvements have been identified in adherence to endoscopic follow-up, histopathological reporting, and potential overuse of radiological surveillance. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B47. MANEJO ACTUAL DE PÓLIPOS COLORRECTALES MALIGNOS A TRAVÉS DE UNA RED REGIONAL DE CÁNCER DEL REINO UNIDO ANTECEDENTES: La incidencia de pólipos colorrectales malignos ha aumentado secundariament...
CONCLUSIONS: Resections that were approached laparoscopically were more likely to achieve oncologic success. Minimally invasive approaches did not lengthen operative times and provided benefits of reduced surgical site complications and decreased postoperative length of stay. Further studies are needed to clarify clinical outcomes and factors that influence the choice of approach. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B70. RESULTADOS ONCOLÓGICOS Y PERIOPERATORIOS DE LOS ABORDAJES LAPAROSCÓPICOS, ABIERTOS Y ROBÓTICOS PARA LA RESECCIÓN DEL CÁNCER RECTAL: UN ESTUDIO DE COHORTE MU...