Posttraumatic stress, alcohol use, and alcohol use motives among firefighters: the role of distress tolerance - Zegel M, Tran JK, Vujanovic AA.

Firefighters represent a unique, vulnerable population at high risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology due to the high rates of occupational exposure to traumatic events. To inform specialized alcohol use...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Scientists from 22 institutions, including UCLA, are recommending early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of severe chronic inflammation to reduce the risk of chronic disease and death worldwide.The group of international experts, which also includes scientists from the National Institutes of Health, Stanford University, Harvard Medical School, Columbia University Medical Center and University College London, point to inflammation-related diseases as the cause of 50 percent of all deaths worldwide.Inflammation is a naturally occurring response by the body ’s immune system that helps fight illness and infection. Whe...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
(University of Houston) A newly published report from a University of Houston psychology professor finds that firefighters who struggle with PTSD symptoms, and who think they cannot handle negative emotions, are likely to drink and use alcohol it to cope with negative emotions.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Childhood bullying experience was associated with adult psychiatric disorders and suicidality. The findings indicated the importance of the early detection and management of childhood peer bullying to reduce detrimental adulthood consequences. PMID: 31779057 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Although evidence suggests that risk-taking among individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) may be precipitated by trauma-related emotional distress, studies have yet to examine moderators of this e...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Ex-military personnel are more likely to commit violent offences after leaving service than other offence-types. Mental health and alcohol problems are associated with increased risk of post-service offending, and socio-economic stability is associated with reduced risk of offending among military veterans with these problems. Efforts to reduce post-service offending should encompass management of socio-economic risk factors as well as mental health. PMID: 31779726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 November 2019Source: Neurobiology of StressAuthor(s): Giorgia Boero, Patrizia Porcu, A. Leslie MorrowAbstractFor several years, research from around the world has suggested that the neuroactive steroid (3α,5α)-3-hydroxypregnan-20-one (allopregnanolone) may have therapeutic potential for treatment of various stress-related diseases including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, alcohol use disorders (AUDs), as well as neurological and psychiatric conditions that are worsened in the presence of stress, such as multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia and seizure disord...
Source: Neurobiology of Stress - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study investigates the prevalence of cigarette smoking and the associations between cigarette smoking, emotional and behavioral functioning, and other substance use among a sample of first-time offending court-involved, non-incarcerated (FTO-CINI) youth. Methods: Youth were recruited from a family court in the Northeast (N = 423). Substance use was self-reported using the Adolescent Risk Behavior Assessment (ARBA). Emotional and behavioral functioning was measured using the Behavior Assessment Schedule for Children-Second Edition (BASC-2), the Affect Dysregulation Scale (ADS), National Stressful Events S...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Conclusions: PTSD is associated with many physical health conditions across the age spectrum, particularly among younger and middle-aged adults. Results may inform targeted screening and intervention strategies to mitigate risk of physical health conditions among adults with PTSD. PMID: 31769298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging and Mental Health - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research
Mediation analysis has been a powerful tool to identify factors mediating the association between exposure variables and outcomes. It has been applied to various genomic applications with the hope to gain novel insights into the underlying mechanism of various diseases. Given the high-dimensional nature of epigenetic data, recent effort on epigenetic mediation analysis is to first reduce the data dimension by applying high-dimensional variable selection techniques, then conducting testing in a low dimensional setup. In this paper, we propose to assess the mediation effect by adopting a high-dimensional testing procedure wh...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the feasibility of a brief high ‐intensity resistance exercise intervention for PTSS and related issues, such as anxiety, sleep, alcohol use, and depression, in non‐treatment–seeking adults who screened positive for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety. The sample included 30 non‐treatment–seeking, urban‐dw elling adults (M age = 29.10 years,SD = 7.38; 73.3% female) who screened positive for PTSD and anxiety and were randomly assigned to either a 3 ‐week resistance exercise intervention or a time‐matched contact control condition. The results suggest the inter...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research
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