Persistent opioid use after combat injury and subsequent long-term risk of abuse: a retrospective cohort study - Beyer CA, Poltavskiy E, Walker LE, Pettey W, Suo Y, Redd A, Rittel AG, Kazanis WH, Dunham JR, Zarzabal LA, Rutter WC, Sim A, Watrous JR, Howard JT, Janak JC, Stewart IJ, Gundlapalli A.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether persistent opioid use after injury is associated with subsequent long-term development of clinically recognized opioid abuse. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Opioid abuse is an epidemic in the United States and trauma can initiate ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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In this study, we present approaches used in five st...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
DiscussionThis overview will assess current evidence from systematic reviews for the association between cadmium exposure and risk of T2DM and other metabolic morbidities. This overview may be helpful for policy-makers and healthcare teams aiming to mitigate T2DM risk in populations at risk of cadmium exposure.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42019125956
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: Since 2014, the worldwide "epidemic" of sensitization to MI has been subsiding in Central Europe, thanks to corresponding restrictions on use. Since 2008, there is no longer any widespread exposure to MDBGN; the new, higher test concentration elicits many false-positive test reactions and explains the sudden rise in positive patch test reactions since 2016. Despite widespread use, phenoxyethanol, benzoates, benzyl alcohol, parabens and sorbates rarely cause allergic reactions. Therefore, they can be recommended for cosmetics from the epidemiological-allergological point of view. PMID: 31792581 [Pu...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: States in this study reported substantial progress in increasing access to medication-assisted treatment, but empirical evidence of their effects is still emerging. PMID: 31790360 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
By SAURABH JHA, MD Slumdog TB No one knows who gave Rahul Roy tuberculosis. Roy’s charmed life as a successful trader involved traveling in his Mercedes C class between his apartment on the plush Nepean Sea Road in South Mumbai and offices in Bombay Stock Exchange. He cared little for Mumbai’s weather. He seldom rolled down his car windows – his ambient atmosphere, optimized for his comfort, rarely changed. Historically TB, or “consumption” as it was known, was a Bohemian malady; the chronic suffering produced a rhapsody which produced fine art. TB was fashionable in Victorian Britain...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Saurabh Jha TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: FI was not a common symptom in adult Chinese women living in urban areas and there were some potential modifiable risk factors. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinses Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-OCS-14004675; PMID: 31809317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Abstract In 2018, the Trump Administration took the unprecedented step of allowing states to impose work requirements as a condition of Medicaid eligibility. States can apply for a demonstration waiver to require Medicaid beneficiaries aged 19-64 who do not meet exemption criteria (e.g., disability, caring for a sick relative) to participate in "community engagement" activities, which include employment, volunteering, and enrollment in a qualifying education or job training program. Debate thus far has focused primarily around the important issue of whether such requirements are legal. Less attention has...
Source: The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse Source Type: research
Jo Kimber and colleagues have announced a public health crisis in response to the record number of drug-related overdoses in Scotland, England, and Wales. Illicitly manufactured fentanyl emerged in Estonia in 2003, and, within a year, replaced heroin a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
ConclusionThese results support the hypothesis that EE reduces the impact of alcohol-associated environmental stimuli, and hence it may be a general intervention for reducing cue-elicited craving and relapse in humans.
Source: Psychopharmacology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, Volume 32Author(s): Yusuf Ransome, S.V. Subramanian, Dustin T. Duncan, Daivid Vlahov, Joshua WarrenAbstractDrug- and alcohol-poisoning deaths remain current public health problems. Studies to date have typically focused on individual-level predictors of drug overdose deaths, and there remains a limited understanding of the spatiotemporal patterns and predictors of the joint outcomes. We use a hierarchical Bayesian spatiotemporal multivariate Poisson regression model on data from (N = 167) ZIP-codes between 2009 and 2014 in New York City to...
Source: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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