Military service-related post-traumatic stress disorder: finding a way home - Wall PH, Convoy SP, Braybrook CJ.

This article explores the pathophysiology, identification, and treatment of military se...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Conclusions: PTSD is associated with many physical health conditions across the age spectrum, particularly among younger and middle-aged adults. Results may inform targeted screening and intervention strategies to mitigate risk of physical health conditions among adults with PTSD. PMID: 31769298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging and Mental Health - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Subthreshold and threshold PTSD are associated with binge eating symptoms in both men and women. Similar to drugs and alcohol, binge eating may be used as a strategy to alleviate distressing symptoms of PTSD. PMID: 31644842 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The authors' findings provide insight regarding the mechanisms of spinal cord stimulation failure that resulted in total removal of the implanted system. The relationship between spinal cord stimulation failure and certain psychiatric disorders, such as PTSD, depression, and anxiety, is highlighted. Ultimately, this work may shed light on potential avenues to reduce morbidity and improve patient outcomes. PMID: 31585414 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Nearly half of RTA survivors develop PTSD. Clinicians need to link these patients to the psychiatry clinic. Special attention should be given to patients who witnessed death, with a serious disability and previous psychiatric history.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionAR impairment is strongly related to several mental health diagnoses in those with FASD and presents some promising possibilities for targeted early intervention.
Source: Alcohol and Alcoholism - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Conclusion The willingness of young males to engage in dangerous situations might be adaptive in terms of fitness maximization. Nonetheless, for some individuals this intense sexual competition can be detrimental to health. The correspondence between the age distribution of the reproductively most active population and those suffering sTBI only partially supports the evolutionary hypothesis about risk-taking behavior. The prevalence of higher external mortality rates of young males, on the other hand, was not present in our data at all, nor did we find any support for the assumption that sTBI acquired from riskier behavio...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pre-injury psychiatric and pre-injury headache/migraine symptoms are risk factors for worse functional and post-concussive outcomes at 3- and 6-months post-mTBI. mTBI patients presenting to acute care should be evaluated for psychiatric and headache/migraine history, with lower thresholds for providing TBI education/resources, surveillance, and follow-up/referrals. Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT01565551. Introduction Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In 2013 ~2.8 million TBI cases were recorded annually i...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Together, this suggests that premorbid abilities and trauma-related psychological symptoms contribute significantly to cognitive dysfunction in OEF/OIF/OND Veterans, and that neurological insult and aging may play less of a role. Cognitive dysfunction may be at least partially ameliorated by treating trauma-related symptoms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Neuropsychology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractAmong veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are highly prevalent. Furthermore, PTSD frequently co ‐occurs with chronic pain (CP), and CP is associated with an increased risk of AUD. Pain‐related beliefs and appraisals are significantly associated with poorer pain‐related functional status, yet few studies have examined negative trauma‐related cognitions and their impact on pain‐related functional disability in veterans with co‐occurring PTSD and AUD. Accordingly, we examined the association between negative trauma‐related cognitions and pain severity and pain...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to identify a history of both chronic LBP and PTSD as substantial risk factors for medical discharge from the US Army. PTSD and chronic LBP may mutually reinforce one another and deplete active coping strategies, making Soldiers less likely to be able to continue military service. Future research should target therapies for co-morbid PTSD and chronic LBP as these conditions contribute a substantial increase in risk of medical discharge from the US Army. PMID: 30793196 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
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