Assessment of interstitial lung disease among black rheumatoid arthritis patients

ConclusionOur study indicates RA-ILD among Blacks is predominantly a disease of elderly females with higher rates of GERD and CVD risk factors. Further studies are needed to identify the pathogenetic differences accounting for the gender distribution of RA-ILD among Black and White populations.Key Points•First study to assess ILD among predominantly Black RA patients.•The prevalence of RA-associated ILD was 6.36%, affecting mostly women in their sixth decade with seropositive disease.•COPD was the most common airway disease among non-RA-ILD Black population.•GERD was found in approximately one-third of patients with RA-associated ILD versus one-fifth of those RA patients without any lung disease.
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

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Authors: Petcu A, Ghib LJ, Grad SM, Popovici C, Rogojan L, Rednic NV, Rednic S Abstract Gastrointestinal tract involvement is the most common visceral affectation in systemic sclerosis (SSc), but the manifestations may vary in extension and severity. Endoscopic and histopathological gastroesophageal findings were investigated in patients with SSc. A total of 79 consecutive patients with definite SSc were enrolled in a cross sectional study. Clinical data were collected, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsies from gastric mucosa were performed in all cases. Fifty-seven (72.1%) out of 79 SSc patients had gastr...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Tang T, Zhang Y, Luo C, Liu M, Xu L, Tang X Abstract Vitamin D has an important immunomodulatory effect, but no trial has examined the effect of boosting serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) in individuals with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The aim of the present study was to assess whether vitamin D supplementation reduced disease activity and adjusted/maintained bone mass in patients with active JIA. A 24-week randomized trial was undertaken at Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. Treatment-naive patients with JIA were randomly assigned (1:1) to one of two groups: Standard t...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Background: Current eligibility criteria for urine lateral-flow lipoarabinomannan assay (LF-LAM) in ambulatory, HIV-positive patients rely on the CD4 count. We investigated the diagnostic yield of LF-LAM and the 6-month mortality in ambulatory, TB symptomatic, HIV-positive patients regardless of their CD4 count. Methods: We conducted a prospective, observational study that included all ambulatory, ≥15-year-old, TB symptomatic (cough, weight loss, fever, or night sweats) HIV-positive patients presenting at 4 health facilities in Malawi. Patients received a clinical examination and were requested urine LF-LAM, sputum...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Implementation Science Source Type: research
Background: High-resolution manometry (HRM) allows characterization of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) morphology and identification of hiatus hernia using novel software tools. Aim: The main purpose of this study was to determine the impact of HRM-based EGJ and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) metrics in predicting abnormal reflux burden. Methods: Total, upright, and supine acid exposure times (AETs) were extracted from ambulatory reflux monitoring performed off therapy in 482 patients (54.2±0.6 y, 63.3% female patients). EGJ morphology was categorized into type 1 (superimposed LES and crural diaphragm), type 2 (
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Goals and Background: Baseline impedance measured during high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) can distinguish patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) from controls, presumably due to differences in esophageal acid exposure. The characteristics of regurgitation and reflux in rumination syndrome and GERD are very different, and thus we investigated whether baseline esophageal impedance would differ in these 2 patient groups compared with controls. Study: We compared 20 patients with rumination syndrome with 20 patients who had GERD and 40 controls. Baseline impedance was measured over 15 seconds durin...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Background: For eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) recently an association with immunoglobulin (Ig)G4 rather than IgE has been reported. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most important differential diagnosis of EoE. We compared esophageal IgG4 plasma cell infiltration and serum IgG4 levels of EoE patients (before and after budesonide therapy) with GERD patients. Methods: Prospectively collected serum samples of 17 EoE patients before and after 8 weeks of therapy with budesonide (1 mg BID) were analyzed for total and antigen-specific IgG4 and IgE levels. Also, immunohistochemical analysis of total and I...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Materials Research BulletinAuthor(s): Jahaziel Amaya, Luis Bobadilla, Lola Azancot, Miguel Centeno, Sonia Moreno, Rafael MolinaAbstractEnhancement of the main physicochemical properties of a natural bentonite was carried out by means of modifications using surfactant, reflux, microwave treatment and, subsequently, the incorporation of AlZr and AlCe species. The evolution of the main changes in each modification stage was evaluated by means of X-ray diffraction, N2 sortometry, scanning microscopy (SEM), NH3-TPD, NH3-DRIFTS and CO adsorption at low temperature. For th...
Source: Materials Research Bulletin - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Junichi Ishigami, Yingying Sang, Morgan E. Grams, Josef Coresh, Alex Chang, Kunihiro MatsushitaRationale &ObjectiveInfluenza vaccination is recommended for all adults but particularly for older adults and those with high-risk conditions. Reduced kidney function is an important high-risk condition, but the effectiveness of influenza vaccination across kidney function is uncharacterized. We assessed the effectiveness of influenza vaccination among older adults with and without reduced kidney function.Study DesignObserv...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsRecurrence influenced long-term deterioration. KL-6 was a serum biomarker for disease behavior and recurrence prediction. The results suggest the importance of CNI continuation.
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Vargas-Machuca R, Rojas-Dávila CE, Jiménez MM, Piscoya-Magallanes CR, Razuri H, Ugaz ME Abstract The high level of Venezuelan migration is a great challenge for Peru due to the healthcare needs of immigrants. Worryingly, children under the age of five are the most vulnerable. In order to know the nutritional status of this group in migratory transit to Peru, a descriptive study was carried out with two rounds of data collection (August 2018 and March 2019) at the Binational Border Healthcare Center in Tumbes. In each round, nutritional status, morbidity and food characteristics were determine...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
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