Echocardiographic assessment of residuals after transvenous intracardiac lead extraction
AbstractDetection of residual fibrotic tissue, called ghosts, after lead extraction is a new phenomenon in cardiology. This paper aims at describing the phenomenon of ghosts and determining their characteristic features. The study group consisted of 580 consecutive patients who underwent transvenous lead extraction (TLE) due to local infection, endocarditis and a superfluous lead. Each patient was clinically examined with the application of transthoracic echocardiography and transesophageal echocardiography directly before and after TLE. In the study population ghosts were detected in 110 patients (19%), and in 470 cases (81%) fibrotic tissue residuals were not found. Ghosts were most often located along the originally implanted lead ’s route. Longer ghosts were found after the removal of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and dual chamber pacing (DDD) devices. The local infection and infective endocarditis are associated with a larger number of ghosts revealed after the removal procedure (p = 0.006). The type of the implanted device: CRT/ICD/double chamber pacemaker/single chamber pacemaker, similar to the number of leads, did not impact on the number of the detected ghosts. The relationship between abrasions of the leads and the presence of ghosts proved significant, however (p = 0.043). TLE is associated with the presence of fibrotic tissue residuals in approx. 19% of patients. Indications for lead extraction due to local infection an...
Nationale: Trichosporon species are widely distributed in nature and are emerging opportunistic human pathogens. Trichosporon infections are associated with superficial cutaneous involvement in immunocompetent individuals to severe systemic disease in immunocompromised patients. Until now, there is no report in infective endocarditis by Trichosporon mucoides confirmed by molecular diagnostics Patient concerns: A 66-year-old man presented with a fever that had occurred for a period of 6 months. He had undergone aortic valve replacement 10 years prior. Transthoracic echocardiography showed vegetations on the prosthetic ...
Publication date: Available online 7 October 2020Source: International Journal of Surgery Case ReportsAuthor(s): Hung T. Ngo, Tran-Thuy Nguyen, Huu C. Nguyen, Lionel Camilleri, Le Ngoc Thanh, Hung Q. Doan
Infective endocarditis (IE) is common and is associated with significant mortality, morbidity and health care burden. Outpatient antimicrobial therapy in carefully selected patients, supported by a multidisciplinary team is safe and beneficial for both the patient and the health care system. In this article, we review current literature of outpatient antimicrobial therapy in infective endocarditis and propose that most patients with IE should be considered and appropriate pathways developed to facilitate this.
Conclusion: The results suggest that the recommended cessation of prophylactic antibiotics for the prevention of IE in dentistry has not led to an increased incidence of IE caused by oral streptococci among the Swedish population. PMID: 33014311 [PubMed]
– We aimed to assess the benefit/risk ratio to perform a coronary angiography (CA) before surgery for infective endocarditis (IE).
Authors: Lazaros G, Lazarou E, Tousoulis D PMID: 32992006 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The survey results indicate that decision making regarding the use of AP occurs frequently among dentists. Moreover, dentists reported uncertainty about the appropriate use of AP as defined by both IE and PJI guidelines, which may have resulted in a lack of concordance between dentists' beliefs and their practice behaviors. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The results reported by the authors highlight the need to develop better educational programs that address antimicrobial stewardship in AP for patients at risk of developing IE and PJI and target the dental profession. PMID: 32979956 [PubMed - in process]
milla Bulski Parents of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) seem to underestimate the importance of optimized oral health. The low priority for a good oral hygiene and a healthy diet can be a risk factor for odontogenic bacteremia and infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was the evaluation of the disease awareness and dental knowledge of the parents using a questionnaire. Therefore, parents from 107 children with CHD and a healthy control group (HCG) consisting of 101 children both aged 2 to 6 years were asked to complete a questionnaire containing items about the general health, oral hygiene behavior...
Publication date: October 2020Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements, Volume 12, Issues 2–4Author(s): G. Minko, Z. Atime Amine, R. Ouazzane, I. Azannai
Any new pulmonary edema warrants an urgent rule out of acute cardiac dysfunction. Because sepsis protocols emphasize rapid stabilization and treatment over etiologic evaluation, some cases of endocarditis may be missed as sepsis with acute respiratory distress syndrome. AbstractAny new pulmonary edema warrants an urgent rule out of acute cardiac dysfunction. Because sepsis protocols emphasize rapid stabilization and treatment over etiologic evaluation, some cases of endocarditis may be missed as sepsis with acute respiratory distress syndrome.