Novel insights into the potential role of ion transport in sensory perception in Acanthamoeba

Acanthamoeba is well known to produce a blinding keratitis and serious brain infection known as encephalitis. Effective treatment is problematic, and can continue up to a year, and even then, recurrence can ensue...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Authors: Bunsuwansakul C, Mahboob T, Hounkong K, Laohaprapanon S, Chitapornpan S, Jawjit S, Yasiri A, Barusrux S, Bunluepuech K, Sawangjaroen N, Salibay CC, Kaewjai C, Pereira ML, Nissapatorn V Abstract Acanthamoeba, one of free-living amoebae (FLA), remains a high risk of direct contact with this protozoan parasite which is ubiquitous in nature and man-made environment. This pathogenic FLA can cause sight-threatening amoebic keratitis (AK) and fatal granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) though these cases may not commonly be reported in our clinical settings. Acanthamoeba has been detected from different enviro...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Species of Acanthamoeba are facultative pathogens which can cause sight threatening Acanthamoeba keratitis and a rare but deadly brain infection, granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. Due to conversion of Acanthamo...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study was aimed to evaluate the activity of the Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) compounds against the trophozoite stage of Acanthamoeba castellanii Neff. Sixteen compounds showed ≥ 90% inhibition of parasite growth in the initial screen (10 μM). Those set were further evaluated to determine the inhibitor concentration that inhibit the 50% of the initial population and cytotoxicity against murine macrophages. Among the compounds included in the pathogen box, pentamidine and posaconazole were the most effective against this parasite with an of IC50 of 0.567 ± 0.04 and 0.630 ± 0.11, respectively. ...
Source: Experimental Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Exp Parasitol Source Type: research
Acanthamoeba spp. can cause serious human infections, including Acanthamoeba keratitis, granulomatous amoebic encephalitis and cutaneous acanthamoebiasis. Cysteine biosynthesis and the L-serine metabolic pathway ...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
In this study, an assessment of soluble and surface-enriched protein fractions expressed by A. castellanii trophozoites, based on complementary LC-MS/MS approach using peptides from SDS-PAGE excised bands, was performed. Our proteomic analysis allowed identification of a total of 503 proteins, of which 308 proteins were exclusively identified in the soluble fraction, 119 in surface-enriched fraction and 76 in both. In silico analysis of functional classification revealed several proteins involved in many biological mechanisms in A. castellanii, including pathogen survival and infection of mammalian hosts. The analysis of p...
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Authors: Eroğlu F Abstract The free living amoebae cause various infections such as Acanthamoeba keratitis, granulomatous amoebic encephalitis, primer amoebic meningoencephalitis in humans and animals. The free living amoebae Acanthamoeba, Balamuthia mandriallis, Naegleria fowleria and Sappinia species that cause disease in humans have been isolated from many environmental materials until today. However, no isolation has been reported from the filters of the air conditions from the houses used for ventilation. The aim of this study was toinvestigate the existence of free living amoebae using molecular methods in t...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Acanthamoeba spp. are protist pathogens and causative agents of serious infections including keratitis and granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. Its ability to convert into dormant and highly resistant cysts form l...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract Acanthamoeba species are ubiquitous free-living protozoa that can be found worldwide. Occasionally, it can become parasitic and the causative agent of acanthamoebic keratitis (AK) and Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis (GAE) in man. A total of 160 environmental samples and 225 naturally-infected animal corneal swabs were collected for Acanthamoeba cultivation. Acanthamoeba was found to be high in samples collected from environments (85%, 136/160) compared to infected animal corneas (24.89%, 56/225) by microscopic examination. Analysis of nucleotide sequence of 18S rRNA gene of all the 192 cultivable Acant...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Abderabba M Abstract Acanthamoeba infections cause serious humans diseases, such as amoebic keratitis and granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. Melaleuca essential oil has been reported to be effective in treating bacterial and fungal infections. However, the anti-parasitic effects of this essential oil are not well studied. In the present study, we first characterized the composition of the essential oil, extracted from the Tunisian Melaleuca styphelioides leaves, and then tested its effect on the Acanthamoeba castellanii Neff. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis revealed that the major common com...
Source: Experimental Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Exp Parasitol Source Type: research
o-Morales J Abstract Free-living amoebae of genus Acanthamoeba are opportunistic pathogens widely distributed in the environment, and are the causative agents of several humans' infections, such as Acanthamoeba keratitis, Granulomatous Amoebic Encephalitis and also disseminated infections. The existence of the cyst stage complicates Acanthamoeba therapy as it is highly resistant to antibiotics and physical agents. All these facts reinforced the necessity to find and develop an effective therapy against Acanthamoeba infections. In the present study, we are interested to several seaweeds species collected from the T...
Source: Experimental Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Exp Parasitol Source Type: research
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