Novel insights into the potential role of ion transport in sensory perception in Acanthamoeba

Acanthamoeba is well known to produce a blinding keratitis and serious brain infection known as encephalitis. Effective treatment is problematic, and can continue up to a year, and even then, recurrence can ensue...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Acanthamoeba spp. are ubiquitous pathogens which cause granulomatous amoebic encephalitis and disseminated infection. Moreover, Acanthamoeba spp. infection of the cornea leads to Acanthamoeba keratitis. Our previ...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the safety of these protozoa in air conditioners by taking samples of dust from both the surgical center and the intensive therapy unit. We analyzed 48 dust samples that were collected from six air conditioners equipment located in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Surgical Center (SC) of a public hospital. We found 10.4% of the samples collected in the SC, and 75% of the samples collected in the ICU presented free-living amoeba cysts by light microscopy analysis. In total, 35.4% (17/48) of the air conditioning samples of the hospital were positive and, by PCR, were identified to belong to the ...
Source: Current Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Curr Microbiol Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the effect of benzothiazole on trophozoite and cyst forms of Acanthamoeba castellanii (A.castellanii). Axenic cultures of A. castellanii trophozoites and cysts were prepared to test the amoebicidal activity of benzothiazole. The concentrations of benzothiazole in 24-well plates were prepared as 0.08%, 0.04%, 0.02%, 0.01%, 0.005%, and A. castellanii cysts and trophozoites were added to these cultures. Parasites were counted at 0, ½, 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours in the cell counter after staining with trypan blue. Cytotoxicity of benzothiazole on the WI-38 human fibroblast cell line was a...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
In this study, 10 rhizosphere samples were collected from maize and alfalfa plants in experimental station at Institute of Genetics, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Szent István University. We detected Acanthamoeba based on the quantitative real-time PCR assay and sequence analysis of the 18S rRNA gene. All studied molecular biological methods are suitable for the detection of Acanthamoeba infection in humans. The quantitative real-time PCR-based methods are more sensitive, simple, and easy to perform; moreover, these are opening avenue to detect the effect of number of parasites on human disease. Acanthamoeba speci...
Source: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung Source Type: research
Authors: Bunsuwansakul C, Mahboob T, Hounkong K, Laohaprapanon S, Chitapornpan S, Jawjit S, Yasiri A, Barusrux S, Bunluepuech K, Sawangjaroen N, Salibay CC, Kaewjai C, Pereira ML, Nissapatorn V Abstract Acanthamoeba, one of free-living amoebae (FLA), remains a high risk of direct contact with this protozoan parasite which is ubiquitous in nature and man-made environment. This pathogenic FLA can cause sight-threatening amoebic keratitis (AK) and fatal granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) though these cases may not commonly be reported in our clinical settings. Acanthamoeba has been detected from different enviro...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Species of Acanthamoeba are facultative pathogens which can cause sight threatening Acanthamoeba keratitis and a rare but deadly brain infection, granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. Due to conversion of Acanthamo...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study was aimed to evaluate the activity of the Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) compounds against the trophozoite stage of Acanthamoeba castellanii Neff. Sixteen compounds showed ≥ 90% inhibition of parasite growth in the initial screen (10 μM). Those set were further evaluated to determine the inhibitor concentration that inhibit the 50% of the initial population and cytotoxicity against murine macrophages. Among the compounds included in the pathogen box, pentamidine and posaconazole were the most effective against this parasite with an of IC50 of 0.567 ± 0.04 and 0.630 ± 0.11, respectively. ...
Source: Experimental Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Exp Parasitol Source Type: research
Acanthamoeba spp. can cause serious human infections, including Acanthamoeba keratitis, granulomatous amoebic encephalitis and cutaneous acanthamoebiasis. Cysteine biosynthesis and the L-serine metabolic pathway ...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
In this study, an assessment of soluble and surface-enriched protein fractions expressed by A. castellanii trophozoites, based on complementary LC-MS/MS approach using peptides from SDS-PAGE excised bands, was performed. Our proteomic analysis allowed identification of a total of 503 proteins, of which 308 proteins were exclusively identified in the soluble fraction, 119 in surface-enriched fraction and 76 in both. In silico analysis of functional classification revealed several proteins involved in many biological mechanisms in A. castellanii, including pathogen survival and infection of mammalian hosts. The analysis of p...
Source: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Authors: Eroğlu F Abstract The free living amoebae cause various infections such as Acanthamoeba keratitis, granulomatous amoebic encephalitis, primer amoebic meningoencephalitis in humans and animals. The free living amoebae Acanthamoeba, Balamuthia mandriallis, Naegleria fowleria and Sappinia species that cause disease in humans have been isolated from many environmental materials until today. However, no isolation has been reported from the filters of the air conditions from the houses used for ventilation. The aim of this study was toinvestigate the existence of free living amoebae using molecular methods in t...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
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