Stapled versus handsewn methods for ileocolic anastomoses

ConclusionsStapled functional end-to-end ileocolic anastomosis is associated with fewer leaks than handsewn anastomosis.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusion: In a systematic review of the literature, we found that disease extent, disease duration, and geography were strong, independent risk factors in UC-associated CRC development. PMID: 31781191 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
We examined significant downregulation of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, NF-κB, IL-6, STAT3, and IL-17 after exposure to CSD, with the concomitant repression of inflammation-associated proteins, including COX-2 and iNOS. Independent of this, treatment with CSD declined the proportion of T helper 17 cells (Th17) and protein level of matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9). Moreover, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) detected observably suppressed mitophagy in mice administered with CSD and that was paralleled by the pro-apoptotic effect as indicated by upregulating caspase-3 together with caspase-9 and ...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Although local inflammatory response (LIR) is a reliable survival marker in colon cancers (CCs), there is no consensus on its use in daily practice. We investigated the prognostic value of LIR in a highly homogeneous population with a well-designed methodology. METHODS: Eighty stage-IIB CC patients operated between 2002 and 2012 were included in the study. Standardization was investigated for extra-biopsy evaluation methods (magnification, staining, and counting). Model A was used for intra-biopsy evaluation methods (block, section, and focus). So, this study makes important contributions to...
Source: Pathology Oncology Research - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Pathol Oncol Res Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the clinical-pathologic similarities and differences in the IBD-associated CRC (IBD-CRC) between patients in China and Canada. METHODS: Data of 78 patients with IBD-CRC retrospectively retrieved from two representative medical institutions in Beijing (China) and Calgary (Canada) over the same past 13 years, including 25 (22 UC-associated and three CD-associated) from Beijing group and 53 (32 UC-associated and 21 CD-associated) from Calgary group, were compared with regards to their clinical and pathologic characteristics. RESULTS: Several known features of IBD-CRC were seen in both gro...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
The Crohn’s-like lymphoid reaction (CLR) to colorectal cancer (CRC), a CRC-specific ectopic lymphoid reaction, is thought to play an important role in the host response to CRC. CLR is characterized by peritumoral lymphocytic aggregates that are found at the advancing edge of the tumor. Spatial and molecular characterization of CLR within the tumor microenvironment (TME) have uncovered a spectrum of peritumoral lymphoid aggregates with varying levels of organization and maturation. In early stages of CLR development, CD4+ T-cells cluster predominantly with mature antigen presenting dendritic cells. As CLR matures, inc...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Patients with long-standing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involving at least 1/3 of the colon are at increased risk for colorectal cancer (CRC). Advancements in CRC screening and surveillance and improved treatment of IBD has reduced CRC incidence in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's colitis. Most cases of CRC are thought to arise from dysplasia, and recent evidence suggests that the majority of dysplastic lesions in patients with IBD are visible, in part thanks to advancements in high definition colonoscopy and chromoendoscopy. Recent practice guidelines have supported the use of chromoendo...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Abstract Estrogens play important roles in the development and progression of multiple tumor types. Accumulating evidence points to the significance of estrogen action not only in tumors of hormonally regulated tissues such as the breast, endometrium and ovary, but also in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). The effects of estrogens in physiological and pathophysiological conditions are mediated by the nuclear estrogen receptors α and β, as well as the membrane-bound G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER). The roles of GPER in CRC development and progression, however, remain poorly understoo...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the author emphasises the importance of investigating colorectal mucus in IBD and CRC patients as a previously unexplored milieu of disease-related inflammatory responses. PMID: 31367153 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Chou JW, Lai HC, Chang CH, Cheng KS, Feng CL, Chen TW Abstract The incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are low but increasing in Taiwan. We aimed to investigate the epidemiology and clinical outcomes of IBD in central Taiwan. We retrospectively analyzed patients with IBD diagnosed at our hospital between January 2000 and September 2018. The diagnostic criteria were based on endoscopic and pathologic findings. Clinical characteristics, treatment regimens, and treatment outcomes were analyzed. A total of 190 patients with IBD were enrolled (80 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 110 with u...
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fecal calprotectin has successfully been widely recommended as a sensitive biomarker of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Recently, we have identified an excellent new fecal biomarker, B-cell activating factor (BAFF), as effective as fecal calprotectin for diagnosing intestinal inflammation. Here in this study, we sought to investigate the potential of fecal BAFF as a screening marker for gastrointestinal inflammation and neoplasms in patients with abdominal discomfort. METHODS: 230 patients with abdominal discomfort were prospectively enrolled into this study and fecal samples w...
Source: Clinical and Developmental Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Immunol Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Colorectal Cancer | Crohn's Disease | Databases & Libraries | Inflammatory Bowel Disease | Study | Surgery