Interleukin 1 alpha administration is neuroprotective and neuro-restorative following experimental ischemic stroke

Stroke remains a leading cause of death and disability worldwide despite recent treatment breakthroughs. A primary event in stroke pathogenesis is the development of a potent and deleterious local and peripher...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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AbstractIschemic stroke remains one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide. The stroke patients with an inadequate intake of folic acid tend to have increased brain injury and poorer prognosis. However, the precise mechanisms underlying the harmful effects of folic acid deficiency (FD) in ischemic stroke is still elusive. Here, we aimed to test the hypothesis that mitochondrial localized STAT3 (mitoSTAT3) expression may be involved in the process of neuronal damage induced by FD in in vivo and in vitro models of ischemic stroke. Our results exhibited that FD increased infarct size and aggravated the da...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We report here on a prospective hospital-based cohort study that investigates predictors of 30-day and 90-day mortality and functional disability among Ugandan stroke patients.
Source: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Stroke is the second most common cause of death worldwide and the fifth in the US, also representing the major cause of disability in older adults. We aim to determine the risk of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in individuals with obesity, with past history of transient ischemic attack (TIA), compared with patients with a history of bariatric surgery (BaS).
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Bariatric and foregut Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: It is unlikely that SGLT inhibitors have a positive or negative effect on stroke risk, but the question that remains unanswered is whether SGLT inhibitors can yield a protective effect after acute ischemic stroke. Future observational studies and registries may be the first step to help answer this question. (Clin Ther. 2020; XX:XXX-XXX) © 2020 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc. PMID: 33008610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
Abstract Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Several mechanisms are involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). The contributory role of the inflammatory and immunity processes was demonstrated both in vitro and in animal models, and was confirmed in humans. IS evokes an immediate inflammatory response that involves complex cellular and molecular mechanisms. All components of the innate and adaptive immunity systems are involved in several steps of the ischemic cascade. In the early phase, inflammatory and immune mechanisms contribute to the brain tissue damage, whereas, in the l...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Neurobiol Source Type: research
Conclusions: While history of migraine and neck manipulation are significantly associated with CeAD, most of the traditional vascular risk factors for stroke are less prevalent in this group when compared to strokes due to other etiologies. For CeAD-related strokes, higher initial stroke severity and history of tobacco use may be associated with higher stroke-related disability, but overall, patients with CeAD have similar outcomes as compared to strokes due to other etiologies.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Corona virus disease (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus2 (SARS-CoV-2) is recognized as a global pandemic by WHO 2020 with 5,934 936 infections, 367,166 deaths and affecting over 200 countries as of 30th May 2020. Acute Ischemic Stroke (AIS) in brain is also emerging as an important neurovascular/neurological complication of COVID-19, associated with extreme immune responses leading to dysregulated coagulation system and generalized thrombo-embolic status and increased risk of AIS especially among usually less vulnerable younger adults in this cohort. Thus, in early June 2020, we aimed t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractLong ‐term disability after stroke is common but the mechanisms of post‐stroke recovery is unclear. Cerebral Ras‐related C3 botulinum toxin substrate (Rac) 1 contributes to functional recovery after ischemic stroke in mice. As Rac1 plays divergent roles in individual cell types after central neural system injury, we herein examined the specific role of neuronal Rac1 in post‐stroke recovery and axonal regeneration. Young male mice were subjected to 60‐minutes middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Inducible deletion of neuronal Rac1 by daily intraperitoneal injection of tamoxifen (2 mg/4 0 g) into Thy1...
Source: Journal of Neurochemistry - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of repetitive magnetic stimulation of M1 region combined with magnetic stimulation of Neiguan and Sanyinjiao points on limb function after stroke. Through this study, we expect to explore a new scheme for the treatment of poststroke dyskinesia, and prove that compared with rTMS and acupuncture alone, the closed-loop rehabilitation theory based on “center peripheral center” can be more efficient and safe in the treatment of poststroke limb dysfunction. Trial Registration: The trial was registered in China clinical trial registry (http://www.c...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research
Authors: Woods D, Jiang Q, Chu XP Abstract Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the 5th leading cause of death and the leading cause of neurological disability in the United States. The oxygen and glucose deprivation associated with AIS not only leads to neuronal cell death, but also increases the inflammatory response, therefore decreasing the functional outcome of the brain. The only pharmacological intervention approved by the US Federal Food and Drug Administration for treatment of AIS is tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), however, such treatment can only be given within 4.5 hours of the onset of stroke-like sympto...
Source: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology - Category: Physiology Tags: Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
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