CT imaging features of osteomyelitis of the jaw: Comparison between antiresorptive medication-related and medication-unrelated conditions

ConclusionsSequestra and periosteal new bone formation were characteristic CT features of osteomyelitis that were found more commonly in the medication-related condition. These findings may be useful in the evaluation of osteomyelitis and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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ConclusionOur patient ’s long-term end-stage renal disease had made the oral and gastrointestinal mucosal barriers very fragile. Under these conditions, even mildly invasive procedures such as tracheal intubation and nasogastric tube insertion could be the cause of infectious complication by oral commensals, includingActinomyces.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study is to compare characteristics and treatment outcomes of CNO patients with spinal involvement. The retrospective cohort study included data from 91 pediatric patients with CNO. The diagnosis is based on Jannson ’s criteria with morphological confirmation (nonspecific chronic inflammation). Spine involvement detected by X-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and bone scan in 29 (31.9%) patients. No differences in the family history, concomitant immune-mediated diseases between spinal (SpC NO) and peripheral (pCNO) forms of CNO have been revealed. Only 5 (10.2%) SpCNO patients (10.2%) had mon...
Source: Rheumatology International - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Cutibacterium acnes can be responsible for postoperative empyema and cerebral abscesses, with particular indolent forms, which make their diagnosis difficult. They are often polymicrobial and associated with bone flap osteomyelitis. Their outcome is favorable after drainage and adapted antibiotic therapy. PMID: 31668987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
We reported a case of an HIV-negative 24-year old man with an interrupted fever and a 20-day history of progressive ache in the right thigh and high-titer anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies. Magnetic resonance imaging, X-radiography, high-resolution computed tomography, and 3-dimensional reconstruction of the bone showed multiple lucent defects with moth-eaten destruction of the bone and cortical substance of bone in the right femur. Emission CT showed significantly increased uptake in the femur. Diagnosis and Interventions: The patient was originally misdiagnosed with osteosarcoma; acute osteomyelitis was also considered....
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: The retrospective study presented here is the first step to demonstrate the feasibility of utilizing MRgFUS for the thermal treatment of osteomyelitis. PMID: 31544543 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Hyperthermia - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Int J Hyperthermia Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe developed the quantitative evaluation method of the mandible on bone SPECT images using anatomical standardization followed by Z-score analysis, and it was considered useful for evaluating mandibular osteomyelitis quantitatively.
Source: Oral Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Infection and inflammation are a common occurrence with orthopaedic procedures. Anatomical modalities can show the transformation in the disease process; however, these may occur later when compared with functional imaging modalities that are more likely to identify early disease patterns. Various molecular imaging modalities such as three-phase bone scintigraphy, labelled leucocyte scintigraphy, as well as radiolabelled antibiotics and immunoglobulins have been considered and have played key roles in assisting clinical decision-making. While 18F-flurodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT) has been relatively well...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
AbstractSynovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome is a disorder characterized by pustular skin lesions and osteoarticular lesions. Mandibular involvement occurs in approximately 10% of the cases, and is often seen as recurrent mandibular osteitis with bone sclerosis, mainly involving the body of the mandible in the head and neck region. Middle cranial base with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement in SAPHO syndrome can be diagnostically challenging because of its rarity. Herein, we present a case of a 37-year-old man who suffered from trismus and dull pain in the left TMJ region. The ini...
Source: Oral Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Central skull-base osteomyelitis (CSBO) represents a life-threatening complication of external ear canal infection. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play key roles in assessment of...
Source: BMC Medical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionsPercutaneous CT ‐guided biopsy has a modest yield for identifying the culprit organism in suspected cases of vertebral osteomyelitis. Elevated CRP and aspiration of fluid collections are associated with improved microbiological yield and should be considered in deciding when and where to biopsy.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research
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