Imaging of urinary bladder injury: the role of CT cystography

This article aims to discuss the role of CT cystography in the evaluation of bladder injuries.
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Guo L, Chen B, Zhang L, Deng Y, Li H, Shi QD Abstract A 49-year-old female patient developed chest tightness and shortness of breath without apparent cause and presented to a local hospital. Chest radiography indicated increased thickening of the lung texture, increased multiple patchy densities in the lower lobes of the bilateral lungs and a slightly enlarged thyroid. The patient was treated for pulmonary infection with antibiotics but the symptoms persisted. A repeated CT scan revealed ground-glass attenuation of the bilateral lungs with multiple flaky exudates and visible bronchogenic signs. The symptom...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Shabnam Ajami, Shoaleh Shahidi, Niloofar Azadeh, Heshmatollah Nasr Jalali, Mehdi ZareSummaryObjectiveTo evaluate the difficulty of impacted canine treatment in different kinds of sagittal and vertical malocclusion using the KPG index, a novel 3D classification system for canine impaction.Materials and methodsIn this cross-sectional study, 74 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of subjects with palatally impacted canines were collected from one dental radiographic clinic. Impacted canines were assessed and KPG index of dif...
Source: International Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients with an increased femoral anteversion angle (>  30°) had inferior postoperative clinical outcomes, including greater patellar laxity, a higher rate of residual J-sign and lower patient-reported outcomes after medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction and combined tibial tubercle osteotomy for the treatment of recurrent patellar instabilit y.Level of evidenceIII, retrospective cohort study.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Abstract Clinical data: Infant, 7 months, female, referred to our department at one month of age, suspecting of congenital heart disease for further investigation. Chest radiography: Demonstrates cardiomegaly and prominent pulmonary vascular markings. Electrocardiography: Shows right ventricular hypertrophy and left anterior fascicular block. Echocardiography: Evidenced common atrioventricular valve with two orifices and the left superior pulmonary vein draining on the brachiocephalic vein. Computed tomography angiography: This complementary imaging exam was performed to confirm the diagnosis. Diagnosis: The patient presen...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The goals of lower limb reconstruction are to restore alignment, to improve function, and to reduce pain. However, it remains unclear whether alignment of the lower limb and hindfoot are associated because an accurate assessment of hindfoot deformities has been limited by superposition on plain radiography. Consequently, surgeons often overlook hindfoot deformity when planning orthopaedic procedures of the lower limb. Therefore, we used weight-bearing CT to quantify hindfoot deformity related to lower limb alignment in the coronal plane. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is lower-limb alignment dif...
Source: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Clin Orthop Relat Res Source Type: research
A 22-year-old male presented with central chest pain, dyspnoea and night sweats. Chest radiography demonstrated a widened mediastinal contour, with CT imaging demonstrating a large anterior mediastinal mass. Biopsy histology revealed a non-seminomatous yolk sac germ cell tumour and chemotherapy was commenced.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsWhile conventional radiography can demonstrate frank diastasis at the TMT joints; applying weightbearing can improve the viewer ’s capacity to detect subtle Lisfranc injury by radiography. Although ultrasonography can evaluate the DLL, its accuracy for diagnosing Lisfranc instability remains unproven. CT is more beneficial than radiography for detecting non-displaced fractures and minimal osseous subluxation. MRI is clearl y the best for detecting ligament abnormalities; however, its utility for detecting subtle Lisfranc instability needs further investigation. Overall, the available studies’ methodo...
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
We describe a 74 years old male, previously treated for localized prostate cancer, admitted to our Department after total body computed tomography revealed multiple irregular lung lesions some of which had an excavated appearance.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
When patients present to emergency departments (EDs) with symptoms suspicious for ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction, evaluation often includes imaging of the shunt with both computed tomography (CT) of the head without contrast and a plain radiograph “shunt series” (SS). Recent literature has called into question the diagnostic value of the SS for the detection of ventriculoperitoneal shunt complications, suggesting that the plain radiographs provide redundant information and unnecessary exposure to radiation.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research
Abstract An 87-year-old woman with a history of osteoporosis presented to the emergency department with complaints of low back pain and difficulty walking due to falling onto her left hip 2 weeks prior. Given the delay in diagnostic evaluation and persistent symptoms, computed tomography (CT) of the lumbar spine was ordered. The results of the CT were read as noncontributory and a physical therapist was consulted. Following examination, the physical therapist recommended left hip radiographs. A CT scan of the hip, which was ordered due to its superior specificity in detecting subtle fractures and to assist interve...
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: J Orthop Sports Phys Ther Source Type: research
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