Responses of the scaled pediatric human body model in the rear- and forward-facing child seats in simulated frontal motor vehicle crashes.

Conclusions: The study shows the potential benefit of rear-facing orientation compared to forward-facing for children up to 4 years of age in a controlled environment. PMID: 31725355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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Head injuries frequently occur in American football and other contact sports. Uncertainty on the effects of cervical muscle properties on head injury risk may be due to the limitations of previous observational studies. This simulation study employs a musc...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Head injury occurs in up to 47% of skiing or snowboarding injuries and is the predominant cause of death in these sports. In most existing literature reporting injury type and prevalence, head injury mechanisms are underreported. Thus, protecti...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Summer camps have a unique supervisory environment that may lead to increased head injury risk for children. The epidemiology of head injuries in camps is unclear. We partnered with to review head injury reports from camp nurses in 2016 from 19...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
We report the effects of acute M2-like macrophage enrichment in a mouse closed head injury model of diffuse traumatic brain injury. Enrichment is achieved by engineering mesenchymal stromal cells with synthetic interleukin-4 (IL-4) mRNA to transiently express IL-4. Through a transcriptomic analysis of treated brain tissue, we begin to understand the effects of acute IL-4 and M2-like macrophage enrichment.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Huang J, Gao C, Dong J, Zhang J, Jiang R Abstract Introduction: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a common neurosurgical disease, whose incidence has been steadily increasing with our aging population. While not common, CSDH can also occur in children. CSDH is often associated with traumatic head injury, but its underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. The first line treatment for CSDH is surgery. However, surgery is contraindicated in some patients and has a high rate of recurrence. Effective non-surgical treatment is therefore highly desirable.Areas covered: This review discusses the pathogenesi...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
The objective was to quantify head injury metric sensitivity of the 50th percentile male Hybrid III, THOR, and Global Human Body Models Consortium simplified occupant (GHBMC M50-OS) to changes in loading conditions in loading regimes that...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news
The diagnosis of concussion remains challenging, particularly in cases where several months have passed between a head injury and clinical assessment. Tracking multiple moving objects in three-dimensional (3D) space engages many of the same cognitive proce...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Abstract One of the consistent pathologies associated with both clinical and experimental traumatic brain injury is axonal injury, especially following mild traumatic brain injury (or concussive injury). Several lines of experimental evidence have demonstrated a role for NAD+ metabolism in axonal degeneration. One of the enzymes that metabolizes NAD+ in axons is Sarm1 (Sterile Alpha and TIR Motif Containing 1), and its activity is thought to play a key role in axonal degeneration. Using a Sarm1 knock-out mouse, we examined if loss of Sarm1 offers axonal injury protection and improves cognitive outcome after repeat...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Opioid dependence is associated with impairments in decision making, executive function, working memory, and attention. Co-morbid cannabis dependence had similar profiles of cognitive impairments. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Co-morbid cannabis dependence might not add on to the existing cognitive dysfunction in opioid dependence. Further studies should be done with a larger sample. (Am J Addict 2020;00:00-00). PMID: 31951069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
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