Real-world prescribing and switching patterns of non-calcium containing phosphate binders in dialysis patients in South Korea .
CONCLUSION: Over time on dialysis, use of non-CPB increased and medication costs increased accordingly. Many patients continued to change drugs between CPBs and non-CPBs due to the restricted criteria of the health insurance. Further outcome research is necessary to evaluate the appropriateness of the clinical practice in which CPBs and non-CPBs are alternately used. . PMID: 31724531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Sung SA, Kim DH, Oh KH, Han SY, Han KH Abstract Glucose-containing peritoneal dialysis (PD) solution causes peritoneal fibrosis (PF) characterized by accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) in the submesothelial layer. Cathepsin B is a lysosomal cysteine protease that degrades ECM, but its role in the PF remains unclear. Thus, we investigated the role of cathepsin B in PF. Procathepsin B was measured in the 73 PD effluents of 68 patients. Procathepsin B and cathepsin B after exposure of glucose and the effects of cathepsin B on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitor of meta...
ConclusionsOur study found that the decision-making process in ESRD is multifactorial and involves not only medical factors, but also assessment of social factors, quality of life, and patient/family preference. Bettering our understanding of this decision-making process will positively impact patients and families through more informed decision-making.
AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) is a life-limiting comorbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In childhood, imaging studies have demonstrated early phenotypic characteristics including increases in left ventricular mass, carotid artery intima-media thickness, and pulse wave velocity, which occur even in young children with early stages of CKD. Vascular calcifications are the signature of an advanced phenotype and are mainly found in adolescents and young adults treated with dialysis. Association studies have provided valuable information regarding the significance of a multitude of risk factors in prom...
AbstractBackgroundEnteral feeding by tube in chronic kidney disease (CKD) before 2 years of age improves growth. Whether it is effective after this age is unknown. We assessed whether height and weight SDS changed after tube feeding was started in children with CKD above 2 years of age.MethodsRetrospective study of pre-transplant, pre-pubertal children (
ConclusionsThe 20-year follow-up analysis of pediatric renal care services in European countries revealed that pediatric nephrology has become a well-established subspecialty in pediatrics and nephrology in 2017. The ESPN will continue its efforts to further improve pediatric renal care for European children by harmonizing remaining disparities of renal care services.
ConclusionsFor closed-circuit dialysis using an RBC solution, the formula [dialysate flow rate (mL/min) × time of dialysis (min)]/extracorporeal volume (mL) would be a better parameter to estimate efficacy, compared with other metrics. Additionally, the citrate concentration can be readily estimated from the ionized calcium concentration during closed-circuit dialysis.
ConclusionAlthough feasible in children with a colostomy, chronic PD is associated with an increased risk of peritonitis and mortality. Continued efforts to reduce infection risk for this complex patient population are essential.
An economic analysis of the dialysis industry shows how the usual benefits of mergers are negated in the healthcare industry by imprudent financial incentives and lack of true competitive market forces.Medscape Nephrology
We examined patients with chronic kidney disease and severe aortic stenosis undergoing SAVR or TAVR procedure between 2007-2017; excluding age90, dialysis, endocarditis, non-aortic valve stenosis, or patients died within 48-hours post-procedure.
In this report, we present a 4-year-old female patient with Addison's disease and end-stage renal failure secondary to focal sclerosing glomerulosclerosis. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis had been performed, and 3 months later, the patient developed fever, diarrhea, and vomiting. Peritoneal fluid culture and dialysis fluid culture were positive for W. virosa. It was identified with Phoenix (BD, USA) and confirmed via 16S rRNA sequencing. It cannot be identified by Maldi Biotyper (Bruker). The isolate was found to be resistant to cephalosporins, ciprofloxacin, and amikacin by gradient test. Intraperitoneal cefepim...