Reduced kidney length and dilated vesico-ureteral reflux predict abnormal Tc-99m DMSA renal scan in children with urinary tract infection.

CONCLUSIONS: The Tc-99m DMSA scan remains the gold standard to detect renal parenchymal anomalies. A different length between the kidneys>1.11 SDS and dilated VUR are predictors of abnormal Tc-99m DMSA renal scan. PMID: 31726462 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research

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Conclusion EMC should be considered first from an EE’s perspective, addressing concerns at the PCB level. MEs can get involved when enclosing the PCB or device. This is a collaborative effort. Both specialties should work through planning and execution. The ability to leverage a range of materials and components for EM enclosures allows engineers to make informed choices to meet the EMC requirements of a device. When considered at early stages, engineers can make EM an integral part of the design approach.
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Electronics Source Type: news
CASE SUMMARY: A 62-year-old previously healthy man presented with left lower quadrant pain and fever. Physical examination showed left lower quadrant peritonitis. Computed tomography scan showed a pelvic abscess with extraluminal air (Fig. 1). Intravenous antibiotics were started, and CT-guided percutaneous drainage was performed. The drain was removed 1 week after discharge. One week later, he presented with dysuria and pneumaturia and was started on antibiotics. Colonoscopy confirmed diverticulosis with no other mucosal abnormalities. He underwent a successful laparoscopic sigmoidectomy with colovesical fistula takedown.
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Resident’s Corner Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Materials Today Communications, Volume 22Author(s): Alexandra L. Nikolaeva, Iosif V. Gofman, Alexander V. Yakimansky, Elena M. Ivan’kova, Natalia S. Gulii, Maria A. Teplonogova, Olga S. Ivanova, Alexander E. Baranchikov, Vladimir K. IvanovAbstractA series of polyimide/CeO2 nanocomposite films were fabricated based on three polymer matrices. The prepared films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermomechanical analysis (TMA), and also simultaneous thermogravimetric (TGA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA), the latter two having been performed both in air...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 109Author(s): Yun-shan Wei, Zhi-cheng Niu, Feng-qi Wang, Kun Feng, Min-hua Zong, Hong WuAbstractPickering emulsion (PE) stabilized by bio-compatible polymer nanoparticles (NPs) was first developed for the encapsulation of lipophilic tocopheryl acetate (TA) for its application in cosmetics. The poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)/poly(styrene-co-4-styrene-sulfonate) (PSS) NPs were prepared by solvent displacement, and then they were used as emulsifier particles to fabricate TA-encapsulated PE. It was found that the TA encapsulation efficiency was...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 February 2020Source: Materials Letters, Volume 261Author(s): Farahnaz Haftlang, Abbas Zarei-Hanzaki, Hamid Reza AbediAbstractTi–29Nb–14Ta–4.5Zr (TNTZ) bio-alloy was processed against Ti–6Al–4V extra-low interstitial as a counter-body material in sliding friction mode under the low applied load of 2 N and very high sliding velocity of 300 mm/s. The near-surface micro-texture evolution induced by frictional force has been investigated in detail using Electron back-scattered diffraction analysis in scanning electron microscope (SEM-EBSD) and Angle selective back-sca...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Authors: Roy P, S R, MittalMittal R, Mehta S Abstract Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children is often treated with antimicrobials for prolonged durations, which often leads to antimicrobial resistance. In this context, this review article discusses the use of endoscopic injection in VUR as a safe and efficacious option for these children. The literature pertaining to VUR- its clinical manifestation and management, antibiotic resistance- with special reference to management of VUR, and endoscopic dextranomer/hyaluronic acid gel injection for management of VUR was reviewed by identifying key words in a PubMed search...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
ConclusionsA bilateral duplex collecting system with refluxing upper pole moiety ureter is a very rare entity. The diagnosis should be suspected when exploring any flank pain with recurrent urinary tract infections to avoid subsequent renal impairment. Furthermore, this case shows how some common symptoms may lead to finding an unexpected urinary tract abnormality.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with no treatment, the use of long-term, low-dose antibiotics may make little or no difference to the number of repeat symptomatic and febrile UTIs in children with VUR (low certainty evidence). Considerable variation in the study designs and subsequent findings prevented drawing firm conclusions on efficacy of antibiotic treatment.The added benefit of surgical or endoscopic correction of VUR over antibiotic treatment alone remains unclear since few studies comparing the same treatment and with relevant clinical outcomes were available for analysis. PMID: 30784039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
​​BY STUART ETENGOFF, DO, &ABDULLAH ​BOKHARI​, AB, DOA 20-year-old Caucasian man presented via EMS with a chief complaint of withdrawal from ketamine and secondary complaints of abdominal pain, blood in his urine, and painful urination with urgency for two days.He said he had been using ketamine intravenously daily for the past five days, up to 35 grams over the past week. His last use was 24 hours prior to presentation to the ED. He stated that he had been using ketamine regularly for four years and that he has used it intravenously, orally, and intranasally.He reported a history of ADHD and a family hist...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
This study was enrolled children aged between 2 and 36 months, following-up with the diagnosis of recurrent UTI. All children had ultrasonography (USG) and dimercaptosuccinic acid scanning, 39 of them had underwent on voiding cystourethrography. There were 133 children (87 girls, 46 boys) with the mean age of 32.82 ± 38.10 months included into the study. Forty-three kidney units were normal in ultrasonogram of which seven units had reflux whereas among 35 units with hydronephrosis 22 units had reflux. Sensitivity and specificity presence of hydronephrosis in ultrasonogram for prediction of reflux was 7...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
More News: Acid Reflux | Children | Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease | GERD | Pediatrics | PET Scan | Ureter and Renal Pelvis Cancer | Urinary Tract Infections | Urology & Nephrology