Agonist-induced 4-1BB activation prevents the development of Sjӧgren's syndrome-like sialadenitis in non-obese diabetic mice

Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Jing Zhou, BoRa You, Qing YuAbstractActivation of costimulatory receptor 4-1BB enhances T helper 1 (Th1) and CD8 T cell responses in protective immunity, and prevents or attenuates several autoimmune diseases by increasing Treg numbers and suppressing Th17 or Th2 effector response. We undertook this study to elucidate the impact of enforced 4-1BB activation on the development of SS-like sialadenitis in non-obese diabetic (NOD) model of this disease. An anti-4-1BB agnostic antibody was intraperitoneally injected to female NOD mice aged 7 weeks, prior to the disease onset that occurs around 10–11 weeks of age, 3 times weekly for 2 weeks, and the mice were analyzed for SS pathologies at age 11 weeks. The salivary flow rate was markedly higher in the anti-4-1BB-treated NOD mice compared to the IgG-treated controls. Anti-4-1BB treatment significantly reduced the leukocyte infiltration of the submandibular glands (SMGs) and the levels of serum antinuclear antibodies. Flow cytometric analysis showed that the percentages of CD4 T cells, Th17 cells and plasmacytoid dendritic cells among SMG leukocytes were markedly reduced by anti-4-1BB treatment, in conjunction with a reduction in SMG IL-23p19 mRNA levels and serum IL-17 concentrations. Although the proportion of Tregs and IL-10 mRNA levels in SMGs were not altered by 4-1BB activation, IL...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

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