Identification of a Tumor Microenvironment-Related Eight-Gene Signature for Predicting Prognosis in Lower-Grade Gliomas

In this study, taking advantage of the currently popular computational methods for estimating the infiltration of tumor-associated normal cells in tumor samples and using weighted gene co-expression network analysis, we screened the co-expressed gene modules associated with the TME and further identified the prognostic hub genes in these modules. Furthermore, eight prognostic hub genes (ARHGDIB, CLIC1, OAS3, PDIA4, PARP9, STAT1, TAP2, and TAGLN2) were selected to construct a prognostic risk score model using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the risk score was an independent prognostic factor for LrGG. Moreover, time-dependent ROC curves indicated that our model had favorable efficiency in predicting both short- and long-term prognosis in LrGG patients, and the stratified survival analysis demonstrated that our model had prognostic value for different subgroups of LrGG patients. Additionally, our model had potential value for predicting the sensitivity of LrGG patients to radio- and chemotherapy. Besides, differential expression analysis showed that the eight genes were aberrantly expressed in LrGG compared to normal brain tissue. Correlation analysis revealed that the expression of the eight genes was significantly associated with the infiltration levels of six types of immune cells in LrGG. In summary, the TME-related eight-gene signature was significantly associated with the pro...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Authors: Cojocaru E, Mihăilă D, Leon-Constantin MM, Cobzaru RG, Rîpă CV, Trandafirescu MF, Trandafir LM Abstract In childhood and in adolescence, primary tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) are the second most common malignancy after leukemia. The most common entities are gliomas, craniopharyngiomas and embryonal tumors, including primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the CNS, such as medulloblastoma. Proper management of malignancies requires a histological diagnosis, especially in childhood, since diagnostic errors have a significant negative influence on the treatment and subsequently on the patien...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
Abstract Glioma is the most common primary brain cancer, and half of patients present a diagnosis of glioblastoma (GBM), its most aggressive and lethal form. Conventional therapies, including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, have not resulted in major ameliorations in GBM survival outcome, which remains extremely poor. Recent immunotherapy improvements for other tumors, coupled with growing knowledge of the complex interactions between malignant glioma cells and the immune system, led to an exponential increase in glioma immunotherapy research. However, immunotherapeutic strategies in GBM have not yet reac...
Source: Immunobiology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Immunobiology Source Type: research
Authors: Xiong L, Wang F, Qi Xie X Abstract Gliomas are tumors with high incidence and poor prognosis among primary brain tumors and they present difficulties in surgical removal, having also high recurrence rate. The efficacy of various treatments on high-grade gliomas is not satisfactory. Some studies have found that age, surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and other factors, such as tumor molecular pathology, have a certain impact on the recurrence of high-grade gliomas, and a common concern in the studies of high-grade gliomas is that one single treatment often has low efficacy. However, with the development of...
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research
Michal Yalon1†, Amos Toren1,2†, Dina Jabarin2, Edna Fadida3, Shlomi Constantini3 and Ruty Mehrian-Shai1* 1Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Edmond and Lilly Safra Children's Hospital and Cancer Research Center, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel 2The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel 3Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel Pediatric brain tumors are the most common solid tumor type and the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. The immune system plays an important r...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Several TISC-based immunotherapeutic approaches are under development in various stages of preclinical studies. As outlined in this review article, a careful and more exhaustive genetic and metabolic understanding of TISC-associated phenotypes is critical to develop novel TISC based immunotherapies. Various components within the tumor microenvironment such as tumor cells, infiltrating immune cells, and supporting stromal cells impact the TISC metabolism. This unique metabolic profile leads to upregulation of certain enzymes and proteins such as ALDH1, CEP55, IDO COA1 etc., which can be utilized for development ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our WGCNA analysis identified candidate prognostic biomarkers for further basic and clinical researches. Introduction Breast cancer is a frequently diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death among females around the world, accounting for 24% of cancer diagnoses and 15% of cancer deaths in females. According to Global Cancer Statistics 2018, there will be nearly 2.1 million new cases diagnosed globally, with ~62 thousand deaths. The incident rates of breast cancer increased in most developing countries during last decades, resulting from a combination of social and economic factors, incl...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Reena Goswami1, Gayatri Subramanian2, Liliya Silayeva1, Isabelle Newkirk1, Deborah Doctor1, Karan Chawla2, Saurabh Chattopadhyay2, Dhyan Chandra3, Nageswararao Chilukuri1 and Venkaiah Betapudi1,4* 1Neuroscience Branch, Research Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen, MD, United States 2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH, United States 3Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, United States 4Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University, Clev...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, the immunohistochemistry results demonstrated that DEPDC1 was high-expressed in breast cancer tissues compared with the paired adjacent normal breast tissues, and its tendency at protein level was consistent with mRNA level from TCGA data. Moreover, DEPDC1 mRNA level revealed the strongest association with poor prognosis and development in breast cancer. In vitro assays showed that DEPDC1 overexpression resulted in significant promotion of proliferation by regulating cell cycle in MCF-7 cells, whilst an opposite effect was found in the MDA-MB-231 cells with DEPDC1 deletion. Notably, further investigation ind...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), also called WHO Grade IV malignant glioma, is one of the most aggressive brain cancers due to its resistance to all current forms of treatment, including drug intervention and ionizing radiation (IR). GBM can arise from primary glioblastoma or progress from a low-grade glioma. In the clinic, GBM patients have a median survival of less than 15  months [1], and GBM tumors are highly recurrent even after surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiotherapy (RT), and immunotherapy.
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
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