Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Motor Impairments in Patients With Neurological Disorders: A Systematic Review

Conclusions There is weak evidence for a positive effect of short-term whole-body vibration training on spasticity of lower limbs, mobility, balance, and postural control. Besides, positive effect of the long-term effect of whole-body vibration training on mobility in patients with neurological disorders. The optimal whole-body vibration training parameters in treating patients with neurological disorders remain unclear.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The development of a full triad and additional symptomatology suggests a late recognition of signs and symptoms of WE in schizophrenia. Prophylactic thiamine checks and treatment in patients with schizophrenia are relevant, and if WE is suspected adequate parenteral thiamine supplementation is necessary. Key points Only few cases of schizophrenia-related WE have been published in the literature, though challenges in diagnosing and recognising WE suggest that the vast majority of cases go undetected. Acute thiamine deficiency leads to Wernicke's Encephalopathy. Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia are at risk ...
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research
Diseases and disorders such as Parkinson disease, schizophrenia, and chronic pain are characterized by altered mesolimbic dopaminergic neurotransmission. Dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens influences behavior through both tonic and phasic signaling. Tonic dopamine levels are hypothesized to inversely regulate phasic signals through dopamine D2 receptor feedback inhibition. We tested this hypothesis directly in the context of ongoing pain. Tonic and phasic dopamine signals were measured using fast-scan controlled-adsorption voltammetry and fast-scan cyclic voltammetry, respectively, in the nucleus accumbens shell of ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
The opioid epidemic has plagued the United States with high levels of abuse and poor quality of life for chronic pain patients requiring continuous use of opioids. New drug discovery efforts have been implemented to mitigate this epidemic; however, new medications are still limited by low efficacy and/or high side effect and abuse potential. Intermittent fasting (IF) has recently been shown to improve a variety of pathological states, including stroke and neuroinflammation. Numerous animal and human studies have shown the benefits of IF in these disease states, but not in pain and opioid treatment. We thus subjected male a...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Since the only proven treatment able to prevent further deterioration from superficial siderosis is to stop chronic bleeding into subarachnoid space, is of paramount importance to establish an early diagnosis of the source of bleeding. Cases of unexplained superficial siderosis of central nervous system should include routine spinal MRI to rule out bleeding of spinal tumor even in asymptomatic patients. Due to severity of potential deterioration caused by superficial siderosis, any tumoral lesion observed on spinal MRI even without documented sings of bleeding should be considered for resection. PMID: 329...
Source: Revista de Neurologia - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The WALCS offers a new evaluation frame gathering patient walking skills and limiting factors treatment. The initial inter-observer agreement rate endorsed more intra- and inter-studies in order to achieve a more robust validation. PMID: 32959356 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista de Neurologia - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research
Abstract Ataxia telangiectasia is an autosomal recessive DNA repair disorder characterised by complex neurological symptoms, with an elevated risk of malignancy, immunodeficiency and other systemic complications. Patients with variant ataxia telangiectasia-with some preserved ataxia telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) kinase activity-have a milder and often atypical phenotype, which can lead to long delays in diagnosis. Clinicians need to be aware of the spectrum of clinical presentations of ataxia telangiectasia, especially given the implications for malignancy surveillance and management. Here, we review the phenotypes...
Source: Practical Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Pract Neurol Source Type: research
Abstract All neurologists need to be able to recognise and treat cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). It is difficult to diagnose, partly due to its relative rarity, its multiple and various clinical manifestations (different from 'conventional' stroke, and often mimicking other acute neurological conditions), and because it is often challenging to obtain and interpret optimal and timely brain imaging. Although CVT can result in death or permanent disability, it generally has a favourable prognosis if diagnosed and treated early. Neurologists involved in stroke care therefore also need to be aware of the treatments f...
Source: Practical Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Pract Neurol Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 November 2020Source: Life Sciences, Volume 261Author(s): Na Liu, Jinyu Liu, Xianbin Wen, Liping Bai, Ruifei Shao, Jie Bai
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
The focus of this review is the role of complement-mediated phagocytosis in retinal and neurological diseases affecting the visual system. Complement activation products opsonize synaptic material on neurons for phagocytic removal, which is a normal physiological process during development, but a pathological process in several neurodegenerative diseases and conditions. We discuss the role of complement in the refinement and elimination of synapses in the retina and lateral geniculate nucleus, both during development and in disease states. How complement and aberrant phagocytosis promotes injury to the visual system is dis...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) with an autoimmune component. Among the recent disease-modifying treatments available, Natalizumab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the alpha chain of the VLA-4 integrin (CD49d), is a potent inhibitor of cell migration toward the tissues including CNS. It potently reduces relapses and active brain lesions in the relapsing remitting form of the disease. However, it has also been associated with a severe infectious complication, the progressive multifocal leukoencephalitis (PML). Using the standard protocol with an injection ever...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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