Predicting the Natural Course of Hemivertebra in Early Childhood: Clinical Significance of Anteroposterior Discordance Based on Three-dimensional Analysis

Study Design. A retrospective cohort, radiographic study. Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the progression of scoliosis owing to single hemivertebra (HV) during early childhood, according to the anteroposterior discordance obtained from the three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) studies. Summary of Background Data. Previous studies have utilized 3D-CT for the classification of congenital spinal deformities and have introduced the concept of two types of deformity: unison and discordant anomalies. However, there have been no further studies on the clinical significance of these discordant deformities, especially in the identification of deformities that will progress and require an operation. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed 97 cases of single HV with thoracolumbar scoliosis, diagnosed in children before the age of 3 years and followed up past the age of 6 years. The segmentation of the anterior and posterior components, and anteroposterior discordance of the HV were evaluated using 3D-CT images. Coronal segmental curve angle (SCA) and balance were measured using whole spine plain radiographs. Results. Using 3D-CT, 41 (42.3%) cases of unison HV and 56 (57.7%) discordant HV were identified. Unison HV comprised 21 (21.6%) cases of fully segmented (FS) unison HV and 20 (20.6%) cases of semi-segmented unison HV with corresponding anterior and posterior segmentation. Fifty-six cases of discordant HV were further classified into 4 different ty...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DEFORMITY Source Type: research

Related Links:

The purpose of this study was to assess the surgical outcomes of posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) with short-segment fusion for pediatric patients with congenital kyphoscoliosis (CKS). The medical records of 12 consecutive pediatric patients with CKS due to hemivertebrae located in thoracolumbar and lumbar area that had undergone PVCR and presented for follow-up at a minimum of 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. The mean follow-up period was 56.2 months, and the mean age at the surgery was 9.2 years. We evaluated radiographic parameters using plain radiographs, and evaluated segmental co...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Spine Source Type: research
We report two adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with Cobb angle of 49° and 132°, respectively, and low body mass index who presented with SMA syndrome following posterior spinal fusion from T2 to L3 and were treated successfully with conservative management. Abdominal radiographs showed distended gastric shadow. Computed tomography angiography of the abdomen showed decreased aortomesenteric angle and SMA-aorta distance. Both patients were treated successfully with conservative treatment which included three principles: gastric decompression with nasogastric tube, correction of electrolytes imbalance, and nut...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo compare the safety and efficacy of posterior minimally invasive surgery (MIS) to standard posterior spinal fusion (PSF) surgery for Lenke Type 1 –4 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).MethodsThis multicenter retrospective study enrolled 112 patients with Lenke Type 1 –4 AIS who treated with MIS (n = 64) or PSF (n = 48) between March 2007 and January 2015. Coronal and sagittal parameters were evaluated before surgery, immediately after surgery, and at the last follow-up. Operative time, level of fusion, intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion, and intraoperati...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Abstract Back pain is a relatively common presenting symptom in children and adolescents. Typical causes include muscle strain or spasm, spinal deformities (e.g., Scheuermann kyphosis, adolescent idiopathic scoliosis), spondylolysis, bulging or herniated intervertebral disks, apophysitis of the iliac crest, and functional pain syndromes such as fibromyalgia. Spondyloarthropathies such as ankylosing spondylitis may present with low back pain and stiffness, which are often worse in the morning. Less common but more serious causes include malignancy and infections. The physical examination should include postural ins...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
We report a case of double-level lumbar spondylolysis at L4 and L5 that was successfully treated with the double "smiley face" rod method. A healthy 29-year-old man who presented with a 6-year history of chronic low back pain was referred to us for surgical treatment. Plain radiographs and computed tomography of the lumbar spine revealed bilateral pars defects at L4 and L5 without slip or scoliosis. The patient underwent direct repair of the pars defects using the double smiley face rod method at L4 and L5. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications, and the patient had improved clinically by 1 y...
Source: Journal of Medical Investigation - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Invest Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate airway development and airway resistance by computed tomographic three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the bronchial tree in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). We evaluated factors predicting postoperative respiratory complications to provide timely treatment, prevent complications, and improve operative and anesthetic safety.MethodsFrom August 2015 to August 2017, 53 AIS patients with a mean age of 15.4  years (range 10–20 years) were included in this study. Scoliotic parameters on radiographs were analyzed. Airway resistance was obtained by pulmonary func...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 March 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Masaaki Machino, Noriaki Kawakami, Tetsuya Ohara, Toshiki Saito, Ryoji Tauchi, Shiro Imagama
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo investigate whether the rotation of preoperative-presumed lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) is a risk factor for adding-on (AO) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with selective posterior thoracic fusion (sPTF).MethodsA total of 196 AIS patients of Lenke type 1A or 2A with minimum 2-year follow-up after sPTF with all pedicle screw instrumentation were included. Radiographical parameters were measured as follows: preoperative rotation angle of presumed LIV and LIV  + 1, LIV + 1/LIV rotation difference, postoperative rotation angle of LIV and LIV derotation angle o...
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Achieving fusion at the lumbosacral junction poses many technical challenges. No data exist in the literature comparing radiographic or clinical outcomes between the different surgical techniques of transsacral fixation (TSF) with rods and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in conjunction with iliac fixation. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and radiographic fusions of TSF to TLIF in patients with adult spinal deformity undergoing long fusions across the lumbosacral junction. METHODS: Patients with primary adult spinal deformity who underwent long f...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
We describe a comprehensive, multidisciplinary treatment approach for lumbar vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) with spinal stenosis and radiculopathy. A 59-year-old female presented with 1 year of pain predominantly in the lower back, with pain in the left buttock and proximal left anterior thigh as well and magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine demonstrated lumbar scoliosis and an L3 vertebral lesion suspicious for hemangioma. A computed tomography guided biopsy was done, which supported the diagnosis. Definitive treatment entailed preoperative angiography and embolization, followed by L3 laminectomy, right L3 pedicle ...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research
More News: Back Curves | Children | CT Scan | Orthopaedics | Radiography | Scoliosis | Study