Lower SRS Mental Health Scores are Associated With Greater Preoperative Pain in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Conclusion. Anxiety and mood are potentially modifiable risk factors that have the greatest impact on pre- and postoperative pain. These results can be used to identify higher-risk patients and develop preoperative therapeutic protocols to improve postoperative outcomes. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DEFORMITY Source Type: research

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ConclusionsVitamin D insufficiency was prevalent in both newly diagnosed axSpA patients and healthy controls. There was no association between vitamin D and pain and disease activity in the newly diagnosed axSpA patients. Monitoring vitamin D levels is important and early intervention for vitamin D insufficiency is needed, especially in female patients.
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): N.B. Teixeira, M.B. Sant'Anna, A.C. Giardini, L.P. Araujo, L.A. Fonseca, A.S. Basso, Y. Cury, G. PicoloAbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a Central Nervous System inflammatory demyelinating disease that has as primary symptoms losses of sensory and motor functions, including chronic pain. To date, however, few studies have investigated the mechanisms of chronic pain in animal models of MS since locomotor impairments render difficult its evaluation. It was previously demonstrated that in the MOG35-55-induced EAE, an animal mod...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical AssociationAuthor(s): I Chun Ma, Wei Hung Chang, Chen-Long Wu, Chih-Hao LinBackgroundFew studies have explored the field experiences and risk factors related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among disaster rescue workers.MethodsA 6.4-magnitude earthquake struck southern Taiwan on February 6, 2016. A standardized, paper-based, self-administered survey questionnaire including demographic information, field experiences and the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL) was conducted among emergency medical technicians (EMTs)...
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Mass abuse of the drug tramadol spans continents, from India to Africa to the Middle East. The problem is that advocates claimed it was a safer opioid, relieving pain with little risk of abuse
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
St. Vincent Healthcare, Billings MT, Sheila White, acetaminophen, hydrocodone, steal opioids, addiction, tampering,
Source: Office of Criminal Investigations (OCI) Press Releases - Category: Medical Law Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Ziqian Cheng, Ranji Cui, Tongtong Ge, Wei Yang, Bingjin LiAbstractOptogenetics is a biological technique, which involves controlling the biological functions of target cells using light. In recent years, optogenetics has become one of the most advanced experimental techniques in neuroscience. It provides precise control on target cells in addition to rapidly and specifically altering the neuronal activity both in vivo and ex vivo. The emergence of optogenetic technology enabled researchers to study the pathogenesis of diseases at ...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe results support that EO ‘aromatherapy’ can promote dose-dependent regulation of anxiety, depression and OSI and that efficacy requires optimization of dose.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTo the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to explicitly model the prediction of individual answers to the SRS-22R questionnaire at 1 and 2  years after deformity surgery. The ability to predict individual question responses may prove useful in preoperative counseling in the age of individualized medicine.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusions: The presence of a psychiatric factor may be an important risk factor underlying poor physical and pain scores after corrective surgery in patients with LDK. The findings presented here suggest that psychiatric factors should be evaluated prior to surgery for determining the risk of a poor outcome. PMID: 29503692 [PubMed]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Discussion Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) was first extensively described in a series of papers from 1863-1877 by Nikolaus Friedreich at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. In 1996 the genetic mutation was described. It is an autosomal recessively inherited, homologous expansion of the GAA repeat in intron 1 of the frataxin gene on chromosome 9q13. It causes a transcription error leading to a decrease in frataxin which is a mitochondrial protein involved in iron metabolism and other cell functions. Frataxin is seen mainly in the central and peripheral nervous systems, heart, pancreas and skeleton. Frataxin is produced but in ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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