Radiographic analysis of subclinical appearances of the hip joint among patients with labral tears

Labral tears can be complicated by hip diseases, including osteoarthritis or femoral acetabular impingement. To accurately plan hip arthroscopy or subsequent conversion to total hip arthroplasty, the presence ...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe findings of this study partly confirm the hypotheses that pain and functional impairments after TKA without patellar resurfacing are associated with patellar shape. No association was revealed between postoperative patellar orientation and function nor pain. Quantitative consideration of patellar congruency could therefore prevent pain and improve function after TKA without patellar resurfacing.Level of evidenceRetrospective study, Level III.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Schmitz MR, Murtha AS, Clohisy JC, ANCHOR Study Group Abstract Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in adolescents and young adults can cause notable pain and dysfunction and is a leading cause of progressive hip osteoarthritis in affected patients. Recognition of the clinical symptoms and radiographic presentation of DDH in adolescents and young adults are paramount for early management. Plain radiographs are critical for making proper diagnosis, whereas three-dimensional imaging including MRI and/or CT detects intra-articular pathology and better characterizes hip morphology. Management of early, sym...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionsPatients and surgeons should be aware of the higher risk of periprosthetic knee infection using a VVC prosthesis. However, the present study supports the use of VVC implants in cases of difficult knee replacements, since comparable clinical outcomes and overall revision rate was found after at least 5  years of follow up.Level of evidenceRetrospective cohort study, Level III.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsLigament stabilization with arthroscopic procedures for individuals with chronic ankle instability and medial ankle OA yielded significant functional outcomes with high patient satisfaction, even without radiographic improvement.Level of evidenceIV.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeLower limb malalignment is a strong predictor of progression in knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study is to identify the individual alignment variables that predict progression in early to moderate osteoarthritis of the knee.Method A longitudinal cohort study using data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. In total, 955 individuals (1329 knees) with early to moderate osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade 1, 2 or 3) were identified. All subjects had full-limb radiographs analysed using the Osteotomy module within Medicad® Classic (Hectec GMBH) to give a series of individual alignment var...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1700978To improve the long-term outcomes of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) for gonarthritis, many cartilage repair procedures appeared, but their effects were controversial. To evaluate the efficacy of cartilage repair procedures during HTO for gonarthritis, we performed this update meta-analysis. We performed the system retrieval for clinical trials using various databases and then pooled the outcomes of the included studies. Fifteen studies were involved. The pooled results indicated that there were no significant differences in Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) scale (mean difference [MD] =&...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
DiscussionTo assess the long-term efficacy of APM on knee symptoms and function we are carrying out a long-term (5-year and 10-year) follow up of our placebo-surgery-controlled FIDELITY trial according to statistical principles outlined in detail in this document. As our second primary objective, whether APM (resection of torn meniscus tear) accelerates or delays the development of knee osteoarthritis in patients with an arthroscopically verified degenerative tear of the medial meniscus, a pre-registered follow-up is also carried out.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov,NCT00549172 (Arthroscopy in the Treatment of Degenera...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the effect of proximal tibial tubercle osteotomy (PTO) and distal tibial tubercle osteotomy (DTO) in medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy on patellofemoral alignment, patellofemoral osteoarthritis and clinical outcomes.MethodsPTO (n = 41) and DTO (n = 43) for the same surgical indications were included. Radiographic measurements of the Caton-Deschamps index, patellar tilt and shift, and arthroscopic cartilage evaluation at the patellofemoral joint were performed at osteotomy and plate removal. The Knee Society Score (KSS) was evaluated pre operatively and at t...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionLarger differences in calculated correction angles between pre-operative radiographs standing with and without LWI predicted larger changes in JLCA after HTO. Whole-leg radiograph standing on LWI is a promising modality for correct pre-operative planning considering patient-specific changes in JLCA before vs. after HTO.Level of evidenceIV.
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionThe aim of this study was to describe clinical and radiological long-term results of an arthroscopic partial meniscectomy associated with an outside-in decompressive needling of the cyst for lateral parameniscal cyst.MethodsEighteen patients with symptomatic parameniscal cysts treated between April 2002 and September 2009 were retrospectively included in the study. All patients underwent arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (preserving peripheral rim) and needling of the cyst using a 20-gauge needle. Pre- and post-operative IKDC, Tegner, and Lysholm scores were used to evaluate clinical results. Radiologic...
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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