AOCT-NET: a convolutional network automated classification of multiclass retinal diseases using spectral-Ddomain optical coherence tomography images

AbstractSince introducing optical coherence tomography (OCT) technology for 2D eye imaging, it has become one of the most important and widely used imaging modalities for the noninvasive assessment of retinal eye diseases. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic macular edema eye disease are the leading causes of blindness being diagnosed using OCT. Recently, by developing machine learning and deep learning techniques, the classification of eye retina diseases using OCT images has become quite a challenge. In this paper, a novel automated convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture for a multiclass classification system based on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) has been proposed. The system used to classify five types of retinal diseases (age-related macular degeneration (AMD), choroidal neovascularization (CNV), diabetic macular edema (DME), and drusen) in addition to normal cases. The proposed CNN architecture with a softmax classifier overall correctly identified 100% of cases with AMD, 98.86% of cases with CNV, 99.17% cases with DME, 98.97% cases with drusen, and 99.15% cases of normal with an overall accuracy of 95.30%. This architecture is a potentially impactful tool for the diagnosis of retinal diseases using SD-OCT images.
Source: Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

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X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) is an inherited ocular disease caused by mutations in the RS1 gene which results in the abnormal splitting of the retinal layers. It is the leading cause of macular degeneration in males, and approximately 1:15,000 individuals in the US are affected by this condition.   XLRS causes progressive vision loss, and affected individuals are unable to perform simple daily activities such as reading, writing and driving. This condition can lead to vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment in up to 40% of patients – resulting in total blindness.A current treatment option includes a tissue-s...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
The actual numbers of people blind or with poor vision continue to increase despite so excellent progress that is being made in reducing the prevalence or percentage of people affected. More attention is required to provide quality outcomes for cataract surgery, prevent and manage myopia, detect and treat diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Although more ophthalmologists are needed to provide this eye care, it is important that ophthalmologists work in effective teams with allied eye health personal to be able to meet the community needs.
Source: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research
In this study, AT1-AAs were detected in the sera of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and the positive rate was 44.44% vs. 17.46% in non-PAD volunteers. In addition, analysis showed that AT1-AAs level was positively correlated with PAD. To reveal the causal relationship between AT1-AAs and vascular aging, an AT1-AAs-positive rat model was established by active immunization. The carotid pulse wave velocity was higher, and the aortic endothelium-dependent vasodilatation was attenuated significantly in the immunized rats. Morphological staining showed thickening of the aortic wall. Histological examination showe...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Diabetic retinopathy (DR) and retinal vein occlusion (RVO) are the two most common retinal vascular diseases and are major causes of vision loss and blindness worldwide. Recent and ongoing development of medical therapies including anti-vascular endothelial growth factor and corticosteroid drugs for treatment of these diseases have greatly improved the care of afflicted patients. However, severe manifestations of retinal vascular disease result in persistent macular edema, progressive retinal ischemia and incomplete visual recovery. Additionally, choroidal vascular diseases including neovascular age-relat...
Source: Experimental Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Exp Eye Res Source Type: research
oss Expert Group of the Global Burden of Disease Study Abstract BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and causes of blindness and vision impairment (VI) in East Asia in 2015 and to forecast the trend to 2020. METHODS: Through a systematic literature review and meta-analysis, we estimated prevalence of blindness (presenting visual acuity
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: In order to address the eye care needs of the increasing numbers of elderly Chinese globally, there is a need for comprehensive understanding on the longitudinal trends of age-related eye diseases among Chinese. We herein report the key findings from the baseline Singapore Chinese Eye Study (SCES-1), and describe the rationale and methodology of the 6-year follow-up study (SCES-2). METHODS: 3353 Chinese adults who participated in the baseline SCES-1 (2009-2011) were invited for the 6-year follow-up SCES-2 (2015-2017). Examination procedures for SCES-2 included standardised ocular, sy...
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Conclusion: Further prospective, randomized studies of ziv-aflibercept are needed, particularly in eyes with nAMD. PMID: 31314638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Seminars in Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Semin Ophthalmol Source Type: research
-Aranguez A Abstract The eye is a complex organ constituted by several compartments with exclusive and specialized properties that reflect their diverse functions. Although the prevalence of eye pathologies is increasing, mainly because of its correlation with aging and of generalized lifestyle changes, the pathogenic molecular mechanisms of many common ocular diseases remain poorly understood. Therefore, there is an unmet need to delve into the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of eye diseases to preserve ocular health and reduce the incidence of visual impairment or blindness. Proteomics analysis stands as ...
Source: Current Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Med Chem Source Type: research
In this study, we found that cofilin competes with tau for direct microtubule binding in vitro, in cells, and in vivo, which inhibits tau-induced microtubule assembly. Genetic reduction of cofilin mitigates tauopathy and synaptic defects in Tau-P301S mice and movement deficits in tau transgenic C. elegans. The pathogenic effects of cofilin are selectively mediated by activated cofilin, as active but not inactive cofilin selectively interacts with tubulin, destabilizes microtubules, and promotes tauopathy. These results therefore indicate that activated cofilin plays an essential intermediary role in neurotoxic signaling th...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Retinal Degenerations (RD) are the leading cause of blindness in the United States. The degeneration of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE) is associated with various types of RD such as Stargardt ’s disease, retinitis pigmentosa, choroideremia, Late-Onset Retinal Degeneration (L-ORD), and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). The RPE as a layer of cells in the back of the eye. Therefore, it is essential to maintain the health and integrity of retinal photoreceptors. RPE dysfunction and d egeneration leads to photoreceptor cell death and vision loss, a common factor among several forms of RD.To resolve these chall...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
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