Promoter hypermethylation of the CFTR gene as a novel diagnostic and prognostic marker of breast cancer.

This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31721358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cell Biology International - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Biol Int Source Type: research

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Abstract The pathogenesis and prognosis of glioblastoma (GBM) remain poorly understood. Mutual exclusivity analysis can distinguish driver genes and pathways from passenger ones. The purpose of this study was to identify mutually exclusive gene sets (MEGSs) that have prognostic value and to detect novel driver genes in GBM. The genomic alteration profile and clinical information were derived from The Cancer Genome Atlas, and the MEGSA method was used to identify the MEGS. Next, we performed survival analysis and constructed a risk prediction model for prognostic stratification. Leave-one-out cross-validation and p...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) is an available tumor biomarker mainly for detecting ovarian cancer. However, it is unknown whether it can be a novel indicator for diagnosis of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of serum HE4 as a novel biomarker for DKD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We enrolled 236 patients with T2DM and 82 healthy individuals. Serum HE4 was detected by ARCHITECT i2000 and compared between T2DM patients and healthy controls. The relationships between various variables and HE4 were analyzed by univariate or multivari...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract Flavoproteins and their interacting proteins play important roles in mitochondrial electron transport, fatty acid degradation, and redox regulation. However, their clinical significance and function in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are little known. Here, using survival analysis and machine learning, we mined 179 patient expression profiles with ESCC in GSE53625 from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and constructed a signature consisting of two flavoprotein genes (GPD2 and PYROXD2) and four flavoprotein interacting protein genes (CTTN, GGH, SRC, and SYNJ2BP). Kaplan-Meier analysis re...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
taf M Abstract A- and D-ring-modified luotonin-inspired heterocycles have been synthesized and were evaluated for their activity against the viability of four cancer cell lines in vitro, namely, MCF7, HCT116, JURKAT, and NCI-H460. The analysis of results indicated that two of the synthesized derivatives displayed good inhibition against the growth of the human colon cancer HCT116 cell line, with potencies lower than but in the same order of magnitude as camptothecin (CPT). These two luotonin analogues also showed an activity similar to that of the highly potent alkaloid CPT as inhibitors of topoisomerase I and als...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This article aims to summarize the molecular mechanisms, clinicopathological characteristics, and treatment of NC. PMID: 31815119 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Luis F. Ponce, Karina García-Martínez, Kalet LeónAbstractIL-1 system is involved in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation associated with several autoimmune diseases and cancer, mainly due to its capacity to promote the secretion of inflammatory mediators. For this reason, several intracellular and extracellular mechanisms for this system have been fixed during the evolution. In spite of the large description of molecular interactions between IL-1 ligands and receptors, little is known abo...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Poshmaal Dhar1 and Julie McAuley2* 1Faculty of Health, School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, VIC, Australia 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia The family of cell surface (cs-) mucins are constitutively expressed at the cell surface by nearly all epithelial cells, beneath the gel-mucin layer. All cs-mucin family members have structural features that enable them to act as a releasable decoy barrier to mucosal pathogens, by providing ligands for pathogen binding and the ability to shed the bound extracellular domain. Due ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Microorganisms are involved in many life activities, and affect their surrounding environment and other organisms. Microorganisms play important roles in human heath, crop growth, livestock farming, environmental management, industrial chemical production and food production. In the 19th century, people first observed microbes using microscopes and began to study them. However, the development of high-throughput sequencing technology has led to generation of large amounts of microbial related data. As a result, machine-learning methods are now being applied to microbiological research. Here, we discuss the curr...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
From portable genome sequencers until genetic tests revealing distant relations with Thomas Jefferson, genomics represents a fascinatingly innovative area of healthcare. As the price of genome sequencing has been in free fall for years, the start-up scene is bursting from transformative power. Let’s look at some of the most amazing ventures in genomics! The amazing journey of genome sequencing Genome sequencing has been on an amazing scientific as well as economic journey for the last three decades. The Human Genome Project began in 1990 with the aim of mapping the whole structure of the human genome and sequencing ...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Genomics Personalized Medicine AI artificial intelligence bioinformatics cancer DNA dna testing DTC gc3 genetic disorders genetics genome sequencing personal genomics precision medicine Source Type: blogs
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