Resistin enhances angiogenesis in osteosarcoma via the MAPK signaling pathway.

Resistin enhances angiogenesis in osteosarcoma via the MAPK signaling pathway. Aging (Albany NY). 2019 Nov 13;11: Authors: Tsai HC, Cheng SP, Han CK, Huang YL, Wang SW, Lee JJ, Lai CT, Fong YC, Tang CH Abstract Over the last two decades, there have been no significant changes in patient outcomes in relation to the treatment of osteosarcoma, an aggressive malignant neoplasm. It is known that vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) plays a crucial role in angiogenesis and in osteosarcoma. Moreover, VEGF-A expression correlates with clinical stages of osteosarcoma. The adipokine resistin exhibits proinflammatory, proangiogenic and metastatic properties, and evidence suggests that resistin may serve as a prognostic biomarker linking obesity and inflammation to cancer. However, whether resistin has a role in osteosarcoma angiogenesis is unclear. This investigation shows that resistin promotes VEGF-A expression in human osteosarcoma cells and activates the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 signaling pathways, while ERK, JNK, and p38 inhibitors or their small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) inhibit resistin-induced VEGF-A expression as well as endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) migration and tube formation. We also found that resistin upregulates VEGF-A expression by enhancing activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). Finally, resistin promotes angiogenesis in the chick chorioall...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Christian Radmayr
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionBreast pilonidal sinus is an extremely rare variant of the condition. It should be suspected on clinical examination. Surgical excision is the definitive treatment strategy.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionIndiana pouch is a successful continence urinary reservoir with a reproductible technique, however long-term observation is needed.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionGiven the increasing number of such surgeries performed the recognition of acute and chronic complications, and their optimal management is of great importance. Although performing a Roux-en-Y fistulojejunostomy was recommended in the literature, conservative and endoscopic treatment should be considered before.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In conclusion, our WGCNA analysis identified candidate prognostic biomarkers for further basic and clinical researches. Introduction Breast cancer is a frequently diagnosed malignancy and the leading cause of cancer death among females around the world, accounting for 24% of cancer diagnoses and 15% of cancer deaths in females. According to Global Cancer Statistics 2018, there will be nearly 2.1 million new cases diagnosed globally, with ~62 thousand deaths. The incident rates of breast cancer increased in most developing countries during last decades, resulting from a combination of social and economic factors, incl...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Bisphenol-A (BPA), a prototype endocrine disrupting molecule, has been associated with many disease entities such as diabetes mellitus, obesity, polycystic ovarian disease, cardiovascular disease, reproductive and neurodevelopmental disorders. BPA has also been associated mainly with hormone sensitive cancers such as breast, prostate, endometrial, ovarian, testicular and thyroid cancers but also non-hormonal sensitive cancers such as cervical and lung cancers, osteosarcoma and meningioma. Recent research has investigated the sources of contamination which are responsible for higher BPA concentrations in the oral cavity and...
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Dysregulation of the circadian rhythm is associated with many diseases, including diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator-like protein 1 (Arntl or Bmal1) is the only clock gene whose loss disrupts circadian locomotor behavior in constant darkness. BMAL1 levels are affected by proteasomal inhibition and by several enzymes in the ubiquitin–proteasome system, but the exact molecular mechanism remains unclear. Here, using immunoprecipitation and MS analyses, we discovered an interaction between BMAL1 and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 O (UBE2O), an E3-independent E2 ubiquitin–...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Protein Synthesis and Degradation Source Type: research
Conclusions: Mitochondrial inhibition in vitro occurred at a CPC concentration that may be relevant to human exposures. The antiestrogenic activity of CPC, BAK, rotenone, and triclosan may be related to their mitochondrial inhibitory activity. Our findings support the need for additional research on the mitochondrial inhibitory and antiestrogenic effects of QUATS, including CPC and BAK. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1404 Received: 22 November 2016 Revised: 04 May 2017 Accepted: 09 May 2017 Published: 22 August 2017 Address correspondence to G. Cortopassi, 1089 Veterinary Medicine Drive, Davis, CA 95616 USA. Phone: (530)...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Abstract Background: The effect of temporal changes in cancer therapy on health status among childhood cancer survivors has not been evaluated. Objective: To compare proportions of self-reported adverse health status outcomes among childhood cancer survivors across 3 decades. Design: Cross-sectional. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01120353). Setting: 27 North American institutions. Participants: 14 566 adults, who survived for 5 or more years after initial diagnosis (median age, 27 years; range, 18 to 48 years), treated from 1970 to 1999. Measurements: Patient report of poor general or menta...
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
This study builds on preliminary findings from the first phase of the INTERSTROKE study, which identified ten modifiable risk factors for stroke in 6,000 participants from 22 countries. The full-scale INTERSTROKE study included an additional 20,000 individuals from 32 countries in Europe, Asia, America, Africa and Australia, and sought to identify the main causes of stroke in diverse populations, young and old, men and women, and within subtypes of stroke. To estimate the proportion of strokes caused by specific risk factors, the investigators calculated the population attributable risk for each factor (PAR; an esti...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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