Does perceived overweight increase risk of depressive symptoms and suicidality beyond objective weight status? A systematic review and meta-analysis - Haynes A, Kersbergen I, Sutin A, Daly M, Robinson E.

Obesity is associated with a significant disease burden, but whether recognising as opposed to failing to recognise personal overweight is beneficial or detrimental to mental health is unclear. Here we examine the associations between perceived overweight ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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Scientists from 22 institutions, including UCLA, are recommending early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of severe chronic inflammation to reduce the risk of chronic disease and death worldwide.The group of international experts, which also includes scientists from the National Institutes of Health, Stanford University, Harvard Medical School, Columbia University Medical Center and University College London, point to inflammation-related diseases as the cause of 50 percent of all deaths worldwide.Inflammation is a naturally occurring response by the body ’s immune system that helps fight illness and infection. Whe...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
DiscussionThis systematic review and meta-analyses will summarise the evidence for the effectiveness of physical activity promotion and referral as interventions for improving physical activity, as well as whether studies using objective measures of physical activity have similar effects to those studies using self-report measures. This knowledge has importance for primary care clinicians, patients and, given the focus of the recent NHS long-term plan on preventive medicine, those making policy decisions.Systematic review registrationThe protocol is registered with PROSPERO the international prospective register of systema...
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese patterns are quite consistent with evidence from high-income countries and suggest that primary prevention of adverse childhood experiences should be a priority to ensure lifelong health in low-resources settings.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: Insomnia symptoms and obesity were related to overall aggressive behavior in PWE independent of depressive symptoms. The individual subscales of the AQ were correlated differently with the various factors including male sex, obesity, depressive symptoms, anxiety, insomnia symptoms, epilepsy severity, polytherapy, and the use of perampanel.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to investigate the association between vegetable and fruit consumption and depression in a Korean population. Additional epidemiological studies are needed to find the underlying reasons for that association. PMID: 31796113 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research
Aggression can be defined as “overt motor behavior enacted with the intent to do harm or injury to a person or object, with the expectation that harm will occur” [1]. Interictal aggression related to epilepsy has been well described in the literature and is not a new concept. Although interictal dysphoric disorder, a mood d isorder found in persons with epilepsy (PWE), has been a matter of debate [2], a symptom cluster characterized by periodical mood changes and outbursts of irritability and aggressive behavior was considered one of the key symptoms of this disorder [3].
Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Depression, but not generalized anxiety disorder, is associated with adiposity in both directions, with a stronger evidence for the direction obesity-depression. Inflammation explains part of the effect of major depressive disorder on obesity but not the other way around. Further research should explore other mechanisms that could be involved in the association between obesity and depression.
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The male fetal-placental unit appears to be more sensitive to maternal inflammation than females. Effects are particularly marked on cerebral inhibition. Deficits in cerebral inhibition 1 month after birth, similar to those observed in several mental illnesses, including schizophrenia, indicate fetal developmental pathways that may lead to later mental illness. Deficits in early infant behavior follow. Early intervention before birth, including prenatal vitamins, folate, and choline supplements, may help prevent fetal development of pathophysiological deficits that can have life-long consequences for mental he...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results enrich the limited data and suggest that NO may be associated with obesity and psychopathology and should be a concern in the pathophysiology of childhood mental health and obesity.
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Obesity is highly prevalent worldwide. Emerging clinical studies suggest that pre- and pro- biotic formulations may be effective interventions for the management of obesity and associated metabolic complications. The current trial was conducted to assess the effect of synbiotic supplementation on anthropometric indices, glycemic and lipid profile, blood pressure, and psychological status of adults with overweight or obesity. METHODS: This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 60 adults with overweight or obesity. Participants were randomly assigned into two gr...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Med Source Type: research
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