Early features of autism spectrum disorder: a cross-sectional study

ConclusionsThese data contribute to identifying an early trend of autism spectrum disorder, useful also for pediatricians.
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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ConclusionsDifferent types of glial cells have both cell autonomous effects and interactions with neurons and other cells that are involved in the pathophysiology of the neurological phenotype of TSC. Targeting glial-mediated mechanisms may represent a novel therapeutic approach for epilepsy and TAND in TSC patients.
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractGenetic brain channelopathies result from inherited or de novo mutations of genes encoding ion channel subunits within the central nervous system. Most neurological channelopathies arise in childhood with paroxysmal or episodic symptoms, likely because of a transient impairment of homeostatic mechanisms regulating membrane excitability, and the prototypical expression of this impairment is epilepsy. Migraine, episodic ataxia and alternating hemiplegia can also occur, as well as chronic phenotypes, such as spinocerebellar ataxias, intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder. Voltage-gated and ligand-gated c...
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Kurihara M, Ishiura H, Bannai T, Mitsui J, Yoshimura J, Morishita S, Hayashi T, Shimizu J, Toda T, Tsuji S Abstract Heterozygous mutations in KIF1A have been reported to cause syndromic intellectual disability or pure spastic paraplegia. However, their genotype-phenotype correlations have not been fully elucidated. We herein report a man with autism and hyperactivity along with sensory disturbance and spastic paraplegia, carrying a novel de novo mutation in KIF1A (c.37C>T [p.R13C]). Autism and hyperactivity have only previously been reported in a patient with c.38 G>A (R13H) mutation. This case sugge...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
In this study, we performed an extensive assessment of the value of CMA for the diagnosis of children with ID/DD in China. Methods: A total of 633 patients diagnosed with DD/ID in West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, were recruited from January 2014 to March 2019. The patients were classified into 4 subgroups: isolated DD/ID, DD/ID with multiple congenital anomalies (MCA), isolated autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), and DD/ID with epilepsy. CMA was performed on Affymetrix 750K platform. Results: Among the 633 patients, 127 cases were identified as having pathogenic copy number variations (pCN...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
We report here the derivation of familial iPSC lines from two controls and three ASD patients carrying NRXN1α+/−, using a non-integrating Sendai viral kit. The genotype and karyotype of the resulting iPSCs were validated by whole genome SNP array. All iPSC lines expressed comparable levels of pluripotency markers and could be differentiated into three germ layers.
Source: Stem Cell Research - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
AUTS2 was originally discovered as the gene disrupted by a translocation in human twins with Autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and epilepsy. Since that initial finding, AUTS2-linked mutations and variants have been associated with a very broad array of neuropsychiatric disorders, sugg esting that AUTS2 is required for fundamental steps of neurodevelopment. However, genotype-phenotype correlations in this region are complicated, because most mutations could also involve neighboring genes. Of particular interest is the nearest downstream neighbor of AUTS2, GALNT17, which encodes a brain-expressed N-acetylgal...
Source: G3: Genes Genomes Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Investigations Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In this concise review, we summarize and analyze the main hypotheses proposed to explain synaptic dysregulation in FXS, by reviewing the scientific evidence that led to pharmaceutical clinical trials and their outcome. PMID: 31682210 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy Curr - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
This article is part of the Special Issue “Proceedings of the 7th London-Innsbruck Colloquium on Status Epilepticus and Acute Seizures".
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We present a patient with 17q12 deletion syndrome with significant atopy.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
We present two additional patients with a novel de novo SCN3A pathogenic variant, and a review of all published cases of de novo variants. In one of our patients brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) disclosed a severe polymicrogyria and in the other it was normal. The clinical phenotype was characterized by a severe developmental delay and refractory epilepsy in the patient with polymicrogyria and intellectual disability with autistic features and pharmacoresponsive epilepsy in the subject with normal MRI.
Source: Brain and Development - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
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