Patient blood management (PBM) in pregnancy and childbirth: literature review and expert opinion

ConclusionPBM in obstetrics is based on three main pillars: diagnostic and/or therapeutic interventions during pregnancy, during delivery and in the postpartum phase. These three main pillars should be kept in mind by all professionals taking care of pregnant women, including obstetricians, general practitioners, midwifes, and anaesthesiologists, to improve pregnancy outcome and optimize resources.
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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Conclusions: Severe malaria is a highly frequent event in pregnant women, without differences by Plasmodium species. It shows early recognizable dangers signs. Hospital under-reporting was identified in 88% of severe cases as well as a lack of laboratory tests for a more comprehensive diagnosis. A protocol for the clinical diagnosis of pregnant women with malaria is required. PMID: 31529822 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports, Volume 18Author(s): Yiqin Xiong, Michelle X. YangAbstractPrimary gastric choriocarcinoma (PGC) is a rare gastric malignancy that accounts for
Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
In conclusion, LMNPs demonstrate superiority as a therapeutic regimen for the treatment of IDA among the tested iron formulations.
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
AbstractBrucellosis in pregnant women is reported to be associated with obstetric complications (OCs), and adequate data for human brucellosis during pregnancy are largely lacking. We performed this multicenter retrospective cross-sectional study to evaluate the epidemiology, clinical course, treatment responses, and outcomes of brucellosis among pregnant women. The study period comprised a 14-year period from January 2002 to December 2015. All consecutive pregnant women diagnosed with brucellosis in 23 participating hospitals were included. Epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, therapeutic, and outcome data along with th...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion In conclusion, this study wants to stress the importance of early diagnosis. As in the majority of primary immunodeficiency diseases, the prognosis of LAD3 is extremely dependent on early age diagnosis, with timely management of bacterial infections and consideration for HSCT. In addition, this autosomal recessive disorder has high incidence in areas with high rate of consanguineous marriages. Therefore, broadening the spectrum of known mutations underlying the phenotype of such a life-threatening disease can help offering and performing better genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis. Ethics Statement This ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This is a narrative review of recent articles (mainly published in 2017 and 2018) related to the conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) that should be of interest to the cardiac anesthesiologist. Some of the topics covered include recent guidelines on temperature management, anticoagulation, perfusion practice, use of transesophageal echocardiography during CPB, optimal mean arterial pressure, vasoplegia, bleeding, perioperative anemia, post-cardiac surgery transfusion, acute kidney injury, delirium and cognitive decline, CPB during pregnancy, lung management, radial-to-femoral artery pressure gradients during CPB, prophy...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Special Article Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate associated factors of blood transfusion for Caesarean sections in pure placenta praevia pregnancies. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among 405 pregnant women with placenta praevia who underwent Caesarean delivery between August 2004 and December 2013. 135 of the women received blood transfusions. Another 270 women who did not receive any blood transfusion were randomly selected and served as controls. Maternal demographic data, reproductive history, antepartum profiles and obstetric outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Women in the case group were signif...
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although the data appeared to show that active management reduced the risk of severe primary PPH greater than 1000 mL at the time of birth, we are uncertain of this finding because of the very low-quality evidence. Active management may reduce the incidence of maternal anaemia (Hb less than 9 g/dL) following birth, but harms such as postnatal hypertension, pain and return to hospital due to bleeding were identified.In women at low risk of excessive bleeding, it is uncertain whether there was a difference between active and expectant management for severe PPH or maternal Hb less than 9 g/dL (at 24 to 72 hours)....
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionTrauma remains a major indication for emergency blood transfusion in this setting. This study questions the use of emergency blood for certain non-urgent diagnoses (i.e. anaemia). Given the scarcity of this resource and limitations to access, appropriate use of emergency blood needs to be better defined locally. Ongoing monitoring of the indications for which emergency blood is used, improved transfusion stewardship and better systems to access emergency blood should be a priority in this setting.
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
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