Association of diet and headache

AbstractThe global prevalence of migraine as a primary headache has been estimated as 14.4% in both sexes. Migraine headache has been ranked as the highest contributor to disability in under 50  years old population in the world. Extensive research has been conducted in order to clarify the pathological mechanisms of migraine. Although uncertainties remains, it has been indicated that vascular dysfunction, cortical spreading depression (CSD), activation of the trigeminovascular pathway, pro-inflammatory and oxidative state may play a putative role in migraine pain generation. Knowledge about pathophysiological mechanisms of migraine should be integrated into a multimodal treatment approach to increase quality of life in patients. With respect to this, within the integrative health studies growing interest pertains to dietary interventions. Although the number of studies concerning effects of diet on headache/migraine is not yet very large, the current article will review the available evidence in this area. All publications on headache/migraine and dietary interventions up to May 2019 were included in the present review through a PubMed/MEDLINE and ScienceDirect database search. According to the current findings, Ketogenic diet and modified Atkins diet are thought to play a role in neuroprotection, improving mitochondrial function and energy metabolism, compensating ser otoninergic dysfunction, decreasing calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) level and suppressing neu...
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a diet supplemented with beta-glucan from yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Sc-βG), on the stress response of Oreochromis mossambicus (Tilapia) to ammonia. Fish were divided into four groups, including a control fed a basal diet and three experimental groups fed diets supplemented with Sc-βG at 2, 5 and 10 mg/g respectively. After 8 weeks, experimental groups were exposed to ammonia at 100 mg L−1 for 1 week. Growth was measured after the 8-week feeding trial and serum, mucus, and liver tissue were sampled before and after the ammonia challenge. Compared with ...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We present a case of GCA in a patient who presented with jaw claudication and occlusal pain. A 78-year-old man visited our department with left-sided facial pain associated with mastication. He also reported spontaneous left-sided facial pain and diminished vision. Based on his age, his new-onset left-sided headache, and a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, he was diagnosed with GCA with immediate initiation of prednisolone (PSL) therapy. His fever subsided the following day. A temporal artery biopsy (TAB) was performed 7 days after hospitalization and showed a false-negative result. His left-sided facial pain and headac...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder with recurrent abdominal pain and altered defecation habits. We here attempted to determine the effect of acupuncture on IBS. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of science, and ClinicalTrials.gov till July 17, 2019 were searched. Outcomes were total efficacy rates, overall IBS symptom scores, or global quality of life scores. Standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and risk ratio (RR) with 95% CI were calcul...
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Conclusion: FV application every three months can be recommended to prevent caries lesions on the erupting first permanent molars of high-risk populations.
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Childhood caries in the rural area was far more severe than that in the urban area. This disparity was determined by several factors such as the high proportion of left-behind children in the rural area (e.g. children who remain in rural regions of China while their parents leave to work in urban areas). Our government should put the prevention of caries among rural children at a higher priority in the near future to narrow the gap between rural and urban areas.
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 17, Issue 11Author(s): Mei-Qi WAN, You-Bo ZHANG, Xiao-Yan LIU, Ke-Ming LI, Ling-Yun JIA, Xiu-Wei YANGAbstractAngelicae Pubescentis Radix (APR), a widely used traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is mainly used to treat rheumatism and headache diseases. Angelol B is one of the bioactive constituents of APR with significant anti-inflammatory activity. This paper is aimed to illustrate the metabolites of angelol B in vivo. To achieve this objective, a metabolomics approach based on a rapid and accurate UPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was used to detect th...
Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: European Journal of Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Xiao-Qing Wang, Pei-Bei Duan, Man Zheng, Qian Xu, Li-Hua Yang, A-Qin WangAbstractIntroductionAuricular acupuncture has been used for pain management. A more recent technique which buries an intradermal needle into the skin may provides long lasting stimulation and enhance analgesia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of perioperative auricular acupuncture technique via intradermal needling buried on postoperative movement-evoked pain reduction of patients with advanced gastric can...
Source: European Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Migraine is a frequently disabling neurologic condition which can be complicated by medication overuse headache and comorbid medical disorders, including obesity, anxiety and depression. Although most migraine management takes place in outpatient clinics, inpatient treatment is indicated for migraine refractory to multiple outpatient treatments, with intractable nausea or vomiting, need for detoxification from medication overuse (such as opioids and barbiturates), and significant medical and psychiatric disease. The goals of inpatient treatment include breaking the current cycle of headache pain, reducing the frequency and...
Source: Neurologic Clinics - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions The Cochrane reviews do not provide clear conclusions regarding the effectiveness of TMS and tDCS against adult chronic pain, although small benefits appear to have been observed. However, the authors point out many biases and important heterogeneities of these studies (30). At the moment, it is not possible to establish useful guidelines on the use of TMS and tDCS in the treatment of pediatric migraine and, in general, for pediatric pain treatment. However, adult studies as well as preliminary pediatric reports show that the application of these techniques is safe, with few side effects, potentially low cost...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We describe the effects of LDX (50mg and 70mg) on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS; exploratory endpoint) from both studies. Design: The SDS was assessed at baseline, Week 6, and Week 12/early termination. Analyses included mixed-effects models for repeated measures for the examination of SDS total and domain score changes and a generalized estimating equation model to assess dichotomized remission status (remission [total score ?6] versus nonremission [total score>6]). Results: Least squares (95% confidence interval [CI]) mean treatment differences for SDS total score change from baseline at Week 12 were -2.80 (-3.98,...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Drug Development Original Research binge eating disorder disability functionality lisdexamfetamine dimesylate Sheehan Disability Scale Source Type: research
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