Rift Valley Fever – Republic of the Sudan

On 10 October 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Sudan notified WHO of 47 suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF), including two deaths in Arb ’aat Area, Towashan Village, in El Qaneb locality, Red Sea State. The suspected cases presented with high-grade fever, headaches, joint pain, vomiting. There were no hemorrhagic signs or symptoms observed. The first case presented to the health facility on 19 September 2019. On 28 September 2019, a total of 14 samples were sent to the National Public Health Laboratory in Khartoum, and 5 tested positive for RVF by Immunoglobulin M (IgM) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). These samples were also tested for malaria and were found negative.
Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: news Source Type: news

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In this study, 48 PCV2 strains were isolated in China between 2016 and 2018 and the genetic diversity of these PCV2 isolates was determined. Results showed that these PCV2 isolates were classified into genotypes PCV2a (4 of 48), PCV2b (13 of 48) and PCV2d (31 of 48). Among them, 54.5% isolated in 2016, 65.2% isolated in 2017 and 71.4% isolated in 2018 belonged to PCV2d. It indicated that the prevalence of PCV2d genotype increased. All strains shared 93.4%-100% nucleotide sequence identity for the whole genome. Results of the analysis using RDP 4.0 molecular recombination software showed there were no recombinant events amo...
Source: Acta Virologica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Virol Source Type: research
This report describes how DINEPA and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) collaborated to design and implement a training program for 264 potable water and sanitation technicians for rural areas. The paper also describes the initial field activities of the newly trained technicians and the immediate impact of their work in the rural water, sanitation and hygiene sector. PMID: 31798827 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Water Sanit Hyg Dev Source Type: research
Authors: Montenegro-Idrogo JJ, Vargas-Gonzales R, Sihuincha M Abstract The clinical signs of malaria in HIV patients may vary depending on the immunological status of the patient. Nationally, evidence regarding co-infection is scarce. This research describes four cases from a hospital in Iquitos, Peru, of patients diagnosed with HIV infection and a positive blood test for malaria. Two of these patients had Plasmodium falciparum infection, and two had Plasmodium vivax infection. One of the patients was in the AIDS stage with poor adherence to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), and the other three were in the...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Bartra-More CA, Ramos-Castillo J, Mendoza-Bautista RC, Galindo-Cabello NR, Gebol-Cahuaza M, Chirinos-Palomino FJ Abstract Timely diagnosis of malaria is a strategy proposed by the World Health Organization to reduce malaria morbidity and mortality. A study was conducted to assess performance in microscopic diagnosis of malaria in the network of laboratories under the National Malaria Reference Laboratory of the National Institute of Health between 2012 and 2017. In the years of study, the laboratories obtained a rating of "acceptable" in the diagnosis of Plasmodium by 38.4%, 43.7%, 60.0%, 83.3%, ...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: Venezuelan migrants who participated in the study reported problems in their QoL; more than two-thirds reported anxiety/depression, and one in six experienced pain/discomfort. The frequency of anxiety/depression was higher in those with university-level education. PMID: 31800929 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Authors: Pessia B, Ciarrocchi A, Marinelli S, Pietroletti R Abstract A young lady complained of the sudden onset of intense chest pain, in consequence of an extreme hyperextension of the back in a yoga position. At endoscopy a large lesion of the esophageal epithelium was detected, involving the middle third of the anterior wall of the esophagus. Other symptoms reported by the patient were dysphagia and odynophagia, depicting the typical features of intramural hematoma, also known as intramural dissection or intramural perforation of the oesophagus. The patient was managed conservatively and symptoms disappeared wi...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Jean-Yves JennyAbstractHip or knee revision for infection requires careful planning of the debridement phase. Bacteriological sample management needs to be planned. Multidisciplinary decisions have to be taken as to 1- or 2-stage strategy, reconstruction technique and soft-tissue management. Surgical resection should be complete while economical. There must be no shortcomings in the technical procedure. Implant removal and surgical debridement are the keys to curing the infection, and planning is essent...
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This article reviews the potential role of exosomes in OA regenerative medicine. Special attention is given to mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes due to the extensive research on their cartilage repair property and their function as miRNA cargo. More investigations are needed for the effects of exosomes from synovial fluid and chondrocytes in joints. A better understanding of the mechanisms will contribute to a novel and promising therapy for OA patients.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionWith Metaizeau technique, there were reported poor results of about 10% in literature. In our study, with the modification of the shape of the nail tip, we have managed to achieve stable fixation of the reduction without any loss of position and consequently, better outcomes.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Conclusion. Long-term evidence supports lumbar total disc replacement as safe. The next-generation activL Artificial Disc is more effective at preserving range of motion than first-generation lumbar TDRs (ProDisc-L and Charité) and offers a higher safety profile. Other primary and secondary outcomes are similar between disc designs. Level of Evidence: 2
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: RANDOMIZED TRIAL Source Type: research
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