Paravalvular Leaks —From Diagnosis to Management

AbstractPurpose of reviewAs the number of surgical and transcatheter valve replacements continue to increase in the aging population, so does the incidence of paravalvular leak (PVL). Given its impact on morbidity and mortality, this article will focus on the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic assessment, and available treatments for PVL.Recent findingsDespite being performed on inoperable and typically higher risk patients, short-term complication rates of transcatheter PVL closure appear relatively low (
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Valsalva thrombus was detected in 8.9% of patients following balloon-expandable THV implantation and was common in the LCC, but it did not increase the risk of adverse events after TAVI. PMID: 31746754 [PubMed - in process]
Source: EuroIntervention - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: EuroIntervention Source Type: research
Menopause before age 40 increased the risk for coronary artery disease, heart failure, blood clots and heart valve problems.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Menopause Heart Source Type: news
inkás A, Varga A Abstract Stress echocardiography is a safe, low-cost, widely available, radiation-free versatile imaging modality that is becoming increasingly recognized as a valuable tool in the assessment of coronary heart disease. In recent years, there has also been an increasing use of stress echocardiography in the assessment of non-ischaemic cardiac disease given its unique ability for simultaneous assessment of both functional performance and exercise-related noninvasive hemodynamic changes which can help guide treatment and inform about the prognosis of the patients. Today in the echocardiography...
Source: Polish Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research
Last month, Medtronic announced receipt of U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for and launch of the Evolut Pro+ TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement) System to treat patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. Aortic steno...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiac Surgery Cardiology Exclusive Source Type: blogs
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR), or “cardiac rehab,” is a multifaceted, medically supervised program proven to improve heart health and outcomes in people with certain types of cardiovascular disease. CR revolves around three major components: an individualized exercise and training program, education on topics related to heart health, and stress reduction. CR is currently recommended for the following diagnoses: angina (chest pain); heart attack with or without angioplasty or bypass surgery; heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF); and heart surgery including heart valve procedures or heart or heart/l...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Exercise and Fitness Health Heart Health Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 27 September 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Jonas Lanz, Won-Keun Kim, Thomas Walther, Christof Burgdorf, Helge Möllmann, Axel Linke, Simon Redwood, Christian Thilo, Michael Hilker, Michael Joner, Holger Thiele, Lars Conzelmann, Lenard Conradi, Sebastian Kerber, Gerhard Schymik, Bernard Prendergast, Oliver Husser, Stefan Stortecky, Dik Heg, Peter JüniSummaryBackgroundTranscatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the preferred treatment option for older patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis. Differences in the properties of available TAVR systems can affect clinica...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-to-severe or severe TR is associated with a high risk of hospitalization for RHF and death at 4 years, and a low rate of surgery. Idiopathic TR is associated with worse outcome than other aetiologies. PMID: 31558358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research
Conclusions: The SOLACE-AU trial demonstrated favorable safety and performance of the SAPIEN XT valve in patients with AS at intermediate risk of surgical complications. PMID: 31491351 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 September 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Yoji Sumimoto, Yukihiro Fukuda, Hiroki Ikenaga, Hitoshi Susawa, Ken Ishibashi, Satoshi Kurisu, Keijiro Katayama, Shinya Takahashi, Taijiro Sueda, Yasuki KiharaAbstractA 79-year-old man with a history of partial resection of the lung and the bladder due to cancer, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and heart failure, underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement with a SAPIEN 3 (S3) valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA, USA). Preprocedural examination showed a bicuspid aortic valve and severe calcification of the leaflets. Comput...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of transthoracic echocardiography for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) to provide a basis for the better treatment of IE. From October 2016 to October 2018, 87 consecutive patients with IE at our hospital were selected for this study. All the patients were subjected to transthoracic echocardiography. The morphology, structure, activity, and closure of the patients’ heart valves were observed for vegetation identification, and the size, number, location, morphology, and echo intensity of vegetation, as well as degree of valve involvement, were determine...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Diagnostic Accuracy Study Source Type: research
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