Sarcopenia and Sarcopenic Obesity as Novel Risk Factors for Gastric Carcinogenesis: A Health Checkup Cohort Study

Background: Insulin resistance, the primary mechanism of metabolic syndrome, promotes gastric carcinogenesis. Metabolic syndrome is associated with sarcopenia. We aimed to investigate the association between sarcopenia and gastric carcinogenesis, including precancerous conditions such as atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM), and dysplasia.Methods: The study included adult patients who underwent gastroduodenoscopy at a checkup center. AG and IM were evaluated using endoscopy. Based on muscle mass, sarcopenia was defined as a skeletal muscle index
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Christian Radmayr
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionBreast pilonidal sinus is an extremely rare variant of the condition. It should be suspected on clinical examination. Surgical excision is the definitive treatment strategy.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionIndiana pouch is a successful continence urinary reservoir with a reproductible technique, however long-term observation is needed.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionGiven the increasing number of such surgeries performed the recognition of acute and chronic complications, and their optimal management is of great importance. Although performing a Roux-en-Y fistulojejunostomy was recommended in the literature, conservative and endoscopic treatment should be considered before.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionDirect-to-implant IBR after skin-sparing mastectomy is a viable option for breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.ResumenIntroducciónLa reconstrucción inmediata (RMI) tras mastectomía en pacientes que han recibido quimioterapia neoadyuvante (QTNA) sigue siendo controvertida. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar y comparar resultados oncológicos y las tasas de complicaciones y reintervención en pacientes sometidas a QTNA y un grupo control.MétodosAnálisis observacional retrospectivo de casos-controles. Pacientes con cáncer de mama inter...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Cirugía Española (English Edition)Author(s): Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Raquel Sanchez-Santos, Ester Martín-García-Almenta, Esther García Villabona, Artur Marc Hernandez, Alberto Hernández-Matías, José Manuel Ramírez, Grupo de Trabajo de Cirugía Bariátrica del Grupo Español de Rehabilitación Multimodal (GERM)AbstractEnhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are care programs based on scientific evidence and focused on postoperative recovery. They encompass all aspects of patient...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Resumo O aneurisma de art éria poplítea (AAP) é o mais frequente dos aneurismas periféricos, correspondendo a 85% do total de aneurismas. Normalmente, são assintomáticos, e o diagnóstico, em geral, é feito por meio do exame físico, tendo uma maior incidência no sexo masculino e em idosos. São bilaterais em 50% dos casos e, em 60% das vezes, estão associados a aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Apresentamos um paciente do sexo masculino com 72 anos de idade, com duas massas pulsáteis em ambas as regiões poplíteas, assintom&aac...
Source: Jornal Vascular Brasileiro - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Silicone oil endotamponade in PPV was associated with an increased risk of IOP at 24-month follow-up. PMID: 31811816 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential mechanism of PRSS3 dysregulation in PC. In this research, low miR-217 and high circ-ADAM9 expression were found in PC tissues and cell lines, which was closely associated with advanced clinical stage and lymph node metastasis. Patients with low miR-217 or high circ-ADAM9 expression had shorter survival time than those with high miR-217 or low circ-ADAM9 expression. Functionally, manipulation of miR-217 and circ-ADAM9 expression showed opposite effects on cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Stepwise mechanism studies indicated that circ-ADAM9 alleviated the inhibi...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe association between the WIC food package change and obesity varied by type of infant food package received, with the strongest associations observed for those who were mostly breastfed.
Source: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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