Low concentration trisodium citrate as a non-inferior locking agent for non-tunneled dialysis catheters in the Asian Setting
Conclusions: The incidence of catheter related bloodstream infections was comparable between the heparin and citrate 4.67% lock cohorts. The use of low concentration citrate as catheter lock was cost-effective when compared with heparin.
In conclusion, our study suggests that a large percentage did not have nephrology care before initiating dialysis. The ones who were seen by nephrology before dialysis were significantly more likely to initiate dialysis using an AVF. A national focus on improving nephrology referral in advanced CKD may allow better utilization of AVF as the method of access at dialysis initiation. PMID: 31696849 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Cannulation trauma at the initiation of haemodialysis could potentially be reduced with a strategy of incremental haemodialysis using single-needle treatment supported with duplex ultrasonography assessment to 'map' the vascular access as a guide for clinicians prior to cannulation initiation. PMID: 31423945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Idrees M, Suthananthan A, Pathmarajah T, Sieunarine K Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility of snuffbox arteriovenous fistula as a first option for haemodialysis. BACKGROUND: Snuffbox arteriovenous fistula is the most distal native anastomosis possible for haemodialysis access. It was described by Rassat et al. This systematic review evaluates all literature investigating the feasibility and efficiency of performing snuffbox arteriovenous fistula. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar were systematically searched for all English articles related to snuffbox arteriovenous fistu...
Conclusion: The incidence of CRAT in patients with THC for MHD was 17.9%. Patients with THC for MHD should be examined for presence of CRAT before removal of THC to prevent fatal pulmonary thromboembolism. PMID: 31315321 [PubMed - in process]
In conclusion, in this sample population from HD patients in Jordan, majority would recommend an AVF as mode of access. Perceived barriers include lack of timely referral for vascular surgical evaluation and poor understanding of disease. A systematic assessment of the process that precedes the creation of AVF, with focus on areas of reported barriers may allow for better utilization of AVF. PMID: 31464248 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Kim YS, Kim Y, Shin SJ, Lee HS, Kim SG, Cho S, Na KR, Kim JK, Kim SJ, Kim YO, Jin DC Abstract The prevalence rate and the incidence rate of hemodialysis and functioning kidney transplant recipients have continuously increased; on the contrary, those of peritoneal dialysis have continuously decreased since 2006. Dialysis patients have been getting older and have been maintained on dialysis longer. Diabetic nephropathy was the leading cause of end stage renal disease. The type of hemodialysis vascular access has been stable during the last 5 years (arteriovenous fistulas 76%, arteriovenous grafts 16%,...
Conclusions: This study indicated that the status of HD initiation is a risk factor of long-term survival in MHD patients, which were usually ignored for lacking of nephrology care prior and could potentially be identified and modified to improve the survival prognosis. Video Journal Club “Cappuccino with Claudio Ronco” at https://www.karger.com/Journal/ArticleNews/223997?sponsor=52Blood Purif
CONCLUSIONS: We were unable to demonstrate the feasibility of conducting a randomized, controlled trial of buttonhole versus stepladder cannulation in Canada with a sufficient number of patients on home hemodialysis to be able to draw meaningful conclusions. PMID: 30659057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION:: Immature arteriovenous fistulas can be successfully salvaged by aggressive and timely endovascular intervention. Mixed stenosis is associated with poor access outcomes. PMID: 30444167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Rationale: Lithium has been used to treat bipolar disorder. Lithium has a narrow therapeutic index, with a therapeutic level between 0.6 and 1.5 mEq/L. The possible complications of lithium overdose include altered mental status, hand tremor, muscle weakness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, seizure, syncope, and arrhythmia. Lithium intoxication can be fatal and is difficult to diagnose in patients without a history of lithium intake. The occurrence of serious cardiac arrhythmias is rare in lithium intoxication. Patient concerns: An 81-year-old man was brought to the emergency department because of consciousness disturba...