Concussions May Raise Risk of Suicide in High School Students

Having a concussion within the past year may raise the risk of suicidal ideation and behavior in high school students, according to astudy in theJournal of Affective Disorders.Dale S. Mantey, M.P.A., of the University of Texas School of Public Health and colleagues used data from more than 13,000 respondents in grades 9 through 12 who participated in the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey (YRBSS). The national YRBSS is conducted every two years by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to monitor health behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults in the United States.For this study, researchers analyzed the respondents ’ answers to the question “During the past 12 months, how many times did you have a concussion from playing a sport or being physically active?” They then compared those answers with answers to questions designed to determine whether over the past 12 months the students had depressive symptoms , suicidal ideation, planned suicide attempts, attempted suicide, and/or were treated by a doctor or nurse for an injury, poisoning, or overdose following a suicide attempt.Overall, 15% of the respondents reported a sports-related concussion in the previous 12 months. Compared with their peers who did not report concussions, these participants were 20% more likely to have experienced depressive symptoms, 25% more likely to have had suicidal ideation, and 60% more likel...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: concussion Dale Mantey depressive symptoms Journal of Affective Disorders suicide Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey Source Type: research

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In this study, we analyzed monographs and general chapters listed in the three pharmacopoeias. We identified the features of the monographs and general chapters listed in each pharmacopoeia, as well as differences across the pharmacopoeias. Moreover, on the basis of our findings, we suggest standards that require further collaboration among the pharmacopoeias in certain preferred areas. The comparison data produced by this study are expected to be used to develop strategies for future revisions of pharmacopoeias around the world. PMID: 31787657 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) Source Type: research
Authors: Bain KT, Knowlton CH Abstract The use of opioids for chronic pain management is extraordinarily common despite substantial evidence of only modest benefits, when compared with nonopioid analgesics. Opioid use is also associated with serious risks, including overdose and death. A growing body of evidence suggests that opioids are involved in significant drug interactions that often go unrecognized in clinical practice. Understanding opioid-involved drug interactions is of great practical importance for all health care professionals caring for patients with chronic pain. In this article, we describe the mech...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Hussein AI, Bekampis CF, Jermyn RT Abstract The opioid epidemic in the United States is one of the largest modern health crises in the nation's history. The crisis has been cultivated in academic journals, driven by the medical-pharmaceutical complex, and fueled by campaigns representing the most prestigious health care organizations and advocacy groups. Comprehensive guidelines for proper prescribing have been released in addition to state-sponsored prescription drug-monitoring programs (PDMPs) in response to overprescribing habits. When considering opioid treatment for a patient, physicians should docume...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Conclusion: Safer prescribing policies may take multiple years to fully implement and need to be employed across the jurisdiction to minimize doctor-shopping and adverse effects on patients with chronic pain. Approaching pain management through the social-ecological model can address potential root causes of addiction and establish a framework for doctors to provide compassionate care, community leadership, and advocacy for these patients. PMID: 31790125 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Mort SC, Díaz SR, Miller C, Bowlby M, Henderson D, Beverly EA Abstract Context: Recreational use of opioids is a growing problem in the United States, particularly in the Midwest. Educators have called for inclusion of pain- and opioid-specific courses in health professional school curricula, yet more research is needed to address future prescribers' beliefs, experiences, and postgraduate plans related to opioids. Objective: To examine health professional students' perceived severity of the opioid crisis and opioid-related beliefs, experiences, and postgraduate plans. Methods: Using a descri...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Yi Y, Liu Y, Wu K, Wu W, Zhang W Abstract The present study aimed to identify the core genes and pathways involved in depression in patients with ovarian cancer (OC) who suffer from high or low-grade depression. The dataset GSE9116 from Gene Expression Omnibus database was analyzed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in these patients. To elucidate how certain genes could promote depression in patients with OC, pathway crosstalk, protein-protein interaction (PPI) and comprehensive gene-pathway analyses were determined using WebGestalt, ToppGene and Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Singh A, Mehta S, Goyal LK, Mehta S, Sharma BS Abstract Aim: To assess effect of low dose prophylaxis in hemophilics in terms of bleeding, joint function, QoL and cost-effectiveness. Methods: Analytic study done during one year among 70 adult hemophilics. In observation period (12 weeks), on-demand factor and during prophylaxis (12 weeks), low dose factor was given (Factor VIII 10 IU/KgBW biweekly for haemophilia A and Factor IX 20 IU/KgBW weekly for haemophilia B). Clinical joint assessment was done by Gilbert score and improvement by WFH definitions. Results: Bleed reduced by 68.99% in moderate h...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: These data suggest disparities in concussion education exposure that can be addressed in first-year cadets. Additionally, findings support the importance and use of multiple sources of concussion education in improving cadet's concussion-related decision-making. PMID: 31789379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
[Vanguard] The United States Government says the over 20,000 persons living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Nasarawa State without drugs poses a big threat to the fight against the epidemic.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Conclusions: The management of hip dislocation by conservative or surgical method showed successful results. Awareness of Kabuki syndrome could lead to an early diagnosis of this rare disease in patients with hip dislocation and allow for early detection of other underlying conditions and multidisciplinary management. PMID: 31788172 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research
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