Trait or testimony? Children’s preferences for positive informants
Publication date: February 2020Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 190Author(s): Rachel C. Croce, Janet J. BoseovskiAbstractResearch indicates that children often show a positivity bias, or a tendency to favor positive information over negative information, in assessments of informant credibility in social and nonsocial situations. The current study investigated whether young children prioritize positive informant traits (i.e., nice vs. mean informant) as compared with positive speech content (i.e., positive vs. negative evaluation) in conflicting assessments of a work product. A total of 123 4- to 8-year-olds heard stories about a nice informant who gave a negative evaluation of a painting and a mean informant who gave a positive evaluation of the painting. Participants were asked who they would endorse, who they would ask about a future painting, and their friendship preferences. Children endorsed and asked the mean informant who provided positive testimony, but they chose to befriend the nice informant who provided negative testimony. Endorsements of positive testimony increased with age. Findings are considered in the context of the broader literature on selective social learning and trait understanding.
Date: Friday, 12 13, 2019; Speaker: various; Building 38; 2nd floor conference room B
Date: Tuesday, 12 17, 2019; Speaker: Dr. Erin Beck, NINDS; Dr. Kenneth Tyler, University of Colorado School of Medicine; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Lipsett Auditorium; CME Credit
Date: Tuesday, 01 07, 2020; Speaker: Daniel Neafsey, Assistant Professor, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; 5625 Fishers Lane; 5th Floor Conference Room
The holidays are often thought of as a joyful time of the year, filled with sights and sounds of seasonal cheer. Yet for people struggling with the death of a family member or loved one, the holidays can be difficult.
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