Pressure injury image analysis with machine learning techniques: A systematic review on previous and possible future methods

Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Artificial Intelligence in MedicineAuthor(s): Sofia Zahia, Maria Begoña Garcia Zapirain, Xavier Sevillano, Alejandro González, Paul J. Kim, Adel ElmaghrabyAbstractPressure injuries represent a tremendous healthcare challenge in many nations. Elderly and disabled people are the most affected by this fast growing disease. Hence, an accurate diagnosis of pressure injuries is paramount for efficient treatment. The characteristics of these wounds are crucial indicators for the progress of the healing. While invasive methods to retrieve information are not only painful to the patients but may also increase the risk of infections, non-invasive techniques by means of imaging systems provide a better monitoring of the wound healing processes without causing any harm to the patients. These systems should include an accurate segmentation of the wound, the classification of its tissue types, the metrics including the diameter, area and volume, as well as the healing evaluation. Therefore, the aim of this survey is to provide the reader with an overview of imaging techniques for the analysis and monitoring of pressure injuries as an aid to their diagnosis, and proof of the efficiency of Deep Learning to overcome this problem and even outperform the previous methods. In this paper, 114 out of 199 papers retrieved from 8 databases have been analyzed, including also contributions on chronic wounds and skin lesions.Graph...
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research

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ConclusionEPA exerts beneficial effect on ACI-induced inflammation through blocking NLRP3 inflammasome activation by GPR40 and GPR120. Our findings suggest the potential clinical use of EPA in ACI.
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
The objective of this study was to evaluate if a single session of real or placebo cupping therapy in patients with chronic low back pain would be enough to temporarily reduce pain intensity and functional disability, enhancing their mechanical threshold and reducing local skin temperature. The outcome measures pain intensity using Brief Pain Inventory, pressure pain threshold, disability using the Roland Morris disability questionnaire, and low back skin temperature were assessed. This is an experimental clinical trial; after examination (AV0), patients were submitted to real or placebo cupping therapy (15 minutes, b...
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Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Xiao Huan, Cheng Oumei, Qiu Hongmei, Yang Junxia, Ma Xiaojiao, Jiang QingsongAbstractCerebral ischemia is one of leading causes of death and long-term disability worldwide. Stem cell-based therapy is promising some valuable strategies for the structural and functional recovery after ischemic insult. The inhibition of phosphodiesterases (PDEs) has wide spectrum neuroprotective properties by stimulating proliferation of neural stem cells (NSCs). However, the potential role of PDE9 on NSCs proliferation after cerebral ischemia is ...
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PMID: 31810434 [PubMed - in process]
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PMID: 31810433 [PubMed - in process]
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