Pulsed 450 nm blue light suppresses MRSA and Propionibacterium acnes in planktonic cultures and bacterial biofilms

Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Violet Vakunseh Bumah, Daniela Santos Masson-Meyers, Chukuka Samuel EnwemekaAbstractIn our recent study, we showed that pulsed blue light (PBL) suppresses the growth of Propionibacterium acnes more than continuous wave (CW) blue light in vitro, but it is not known that other bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), respond similarly to PBL. The high potency of PBL relative to CW blue light makes it a suitable antimicrobial for suppressing bacterial growth in biofilms as well. Therefore, we determined if MRSA—a deadly bacterium of global concern—is susceptible to 450 nm PBL irradiation in vitro, and ascertained whether the bactericidal effect of PBL on planktonic P. acnes culture can be replicated in biofilms of P. acnes and MRSA. In three series of experiments, we irradiated P. acnes and MRSA respectively, either in planktonic cultures, forming biofilms or formed biofilms. Compared to controls, the results showed 100% bacterial suppression in planktonic cultures of MRSA irradiated with 3 mW/cm2 irradiance and 7.6 J/cm2 radiant exposure three times at 30-minute intervals, and also in P. acnes cultures irradiated with 2 mW/cm2 irradiance 5 J/cm2 radiant exposure thrice daily during each of 3 days. Irradiation of biofilms with the same irradiances and radiant exposures that gave 100% bacterial suppression ...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 3 December 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Kandasamy Saravanakumar, Elango Jeevithan, Xiaowen Hu, Ramachandran Chelliah, Deog-Hwan Oh, Myeong-Hyeon WangAbstractThis work reports the optimization, synthesis, characterization, anticancer, and antibacterial activity of the Trichoderma-β-D-glucan‑zinc oxide nanoparticles (T-β-D-glu-ZnO NPs). Firstly, the T-ZnO NPs was synthesized using the fungal mycellial water extract (FWME) derived from T. harzianum strain SKCGW009 under the optimized condition of extract concentration (5.99 mL), te...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes of nosocomial infections. This organism produces powerful toxins and cause superficial lesions, systemic infections, and several toxemic syndromes. A total of 109 S. aureus strains isolated from a variety of infections like ocular diseases, wound infection, and sputum were included in the study. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined against 8 antimicrobials. PCR determined the presence of 16S rRNA, nuc, mecA, czrC, qacA/B, pvl, and toxin genes in S. aureus isolates. Pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), SCCmec, spa-, and ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
We investigated the efficacy of a synthetic antimicrobial peptide SAAP-148, which was shown to be effective against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on tape-stripped mice skin. Unexpectedly, SAA...
Source: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate the potential of benzenoids for treating bacteria-infected AD. The compounds were screened against methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Coenzyme Q0 (CoQ0), a key ingredient in A. cinnamomea, showed the strongest MRSA growth inhibition. We further tested the inhibitory effect of CoQ0 on planktonic and biofilm MRSA. The work was also performed to explore the potential effectiveness of CoQ0 on AD using activated keratinocytes and in vivo experimental AD mice as the models. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of CoQ0 against MRSA were 7.81 ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Here, a reaction-based indicator displacement hydrogel assay (RIA) was developed for the detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) via the oxidative release of the optical reporter Alizarin Red S (ARS). In the presence of H2O2, the RIA system displayed potent biofilm inhibition for Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), as shown through an in vitro assay quantifying antimicrobial efficacy. This work demonstrated the potential of H2O2-responsive hydrogels containing a covalently bound diol-based drug for controlled drug release. PMID: 31788680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chemical Communications - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chem Commun (Camb) Source Type: research
In this study, methanolic and aqueous extracts of Berberis hispanica, Crataegus oxyacantha, Cistus salviifolius, Ephedra altissima, and Lavandula dentata selected from an ethnopharmacological study to treat skin infections in Sefrou city (Center of Morocco) were tested for their antistaphylococcal activity against strains often involved in cutaneous disorders: two methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains and one strain of Staphylococcus epidermidis using the well-diffusion assay, while the agar macrodilution method was used to determine the minimal inhibitory concentrations. The total phenolic compounds and flav...
Source: International Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research
Authors: Hartinger JM, Lukáč P, Mitáš P, Mlček M, Popková M, Suchý T, Šupová M, Závora J, Adámková V, Benáková H, Slanař O, Šíma M, Bartoš M, Chlup H, Grus T Abstract The study presents a novel vancomycin-releasing collagen wound dressing derived from Cyprinus carpio collagen type I cross-linked with carbodiimide which retarded the degradation rate and increased the stability of the sponge. Following lyophilization, the dressings were subjected to gamma sterilization. The structure was evaluated via scanning ...
Source: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences - Category: General Medicine Tags: Bosn J Basic Med Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In the military, a disproportionate burden of SSTIs is borne by the recruit population. Strategies relying upon routine application of agents for S. aureus decolonization have not been effective in preventing SSTIs. A novel S. aureus vaccine candidate is being currently evaluated in a military training population and may represent a new opportunity to prevent SSTIs for the military. PMID: 31778193 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): P. McMullen, P. Lewis, O. McGugan, K. MortimerSummaryPneumatic tube systems (PTS) are useful features in hospitals for efficient transport of items but further scrutiny reveals their potential risks. We investigated the extent of contamination of pods, used within the PTS with specific alert organisms, namely meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE). Results revealed contamination with VRE (53%) and MRSA (3%), which were reduce...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Shouping Zhang, Bin Hu, Jingfei Xu, Qiuxuan Ren, Zhichen Wang, Sanhu Wang, Yongjun Dong, Guoyu YangAbstractA Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) was isolated from pigs suffered in pneumonia that can't be cured by antibiotic such as methicillin and vancomycin. It was demonstrated that baicalin, an active natural compound extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal, possess antimicrobial activity. In the present study, we evaluate it efficacy in vitro and vivo against this isolated methicillin-resistant S.aureus (MRSA). Our findings...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
More News: Biology | Infectious Diseases | MRSA | Speech-Language Pathology | Staphylococcus Aureus | Study | Superbugs