Race and Mortality in CKD and Dialysis: Findings From the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study

ConclusionsThe apparent survival advantage among blacks over whites treated with dialysis may be attributed to selected transition of a subset of whites with more severe comorbid conditions onto dialysis.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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High volume shunt flow after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis can cause high-output heart failure. We used the Frame ™ (Vascular Graft Solutions Ltd., Tel Aviv, Israel) external support, a stent, to limit vein dilatation and consecutive high-volume shunt in a 62-old female who underwent brachial-basilic upper arm transposition. After maturation, the shunt was used for dialysis and showed a plateauing volume 3 mo nths after the operation. This case illustrates the safety and feasibility of this intervention when performed during AVF formation.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
AbstractAimsThe aim of this study was to determine the incidence, predictors, and short ‐term and long‐term outcomes associated with in‐hospital sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) collectively termed ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in the heart failure (HF) patients.Methods and resultsThe HEart function Assessment Registry Trial in Saudi Arabia (HEARTS registry) is a prospective national registry of patients with chronic HF from18 tertiary care hospitals across Saudi Arabia. Diagnosis of HF was in accordance with American Heart Association/European Society of Cardiology definition cr...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Treatment of metabolic acidosis to target the higher serum bicarbonate level than guideline recommendation may downregulate muscle protein degradation and improve renal function among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We conducted a study to test the effects of increased serum bicarbonate level on muscle parameters, nutrition, and renal function in pre-dialysis CKD patients. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled study. CKD stage 3-4 patients with serum HCO3-
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Chest ultrasonography can be used to guide volume status management in patients under haemodialysis. Neither clinical signs nor Inferior vena cava indices can be used for assessment of volume status in these patients.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Source Type: research
ConclusionMortality is high among CICU patients requiring CRRT, and is predicted by the Braden score, RV dysfunction, respiratory failure and vasopressor load.
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsLong-term survival and MACE-free rates were significantly worse in CLI patients than in claudicants. Malnutrition and inflammation were associated with long-term survival. CAD, low hematocrit, dialysis, CHF, and ambulatory status predicted future CV events.
Source: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term survival and MACE-free rates were significantly worse in CLI patients than in claudicants. Malnutrition and inflammation were associated with long-term survival. CAD, low hematocrit, dialysis, CHF, and ambulatory status predicted future CV events. PMID: 31672435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this large observational study using a national clinical database, obese patients undergoing PD for head of pancreas cancer had increased risk of postoperative complications and mortality in comparison to controls.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Female gender, increasing age, American Society of Anesthesiology classification, operative time, or a history of diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, or a bleeding disorder are risk factors for prolonged hospitalization following total shoulder arthroplasty. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Current Orthopaedic Practice - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis is associated with accelerated progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Whether treatment of metabolic acidosis with sodium bicarbonate improves kidney and patient survival in CKD is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a randomized (ratio 1:1). open-label, controlled trial (NCT number: NCT01640119. www.clinicaltrials.gov ) to determine the effect in patients with CKD stage 3-5 of treatment of metabolic acidosis with sodium bicarbonate (SB) on creatinine doubling (primary endpoint), all-cause mortality and time to renal replacement therapy compared to standard care (SC) o...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
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