Taller people have increased risk for developing atrial fibrillation

(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Taller people have an increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AFib), an irregular and often rapid heartbeat that can lead to stroke, heart failure and other complications, according to a new Penn Medicine study. The research, which reveals a strong link between the genetic variants associated with height and one's risk for AFib, is the among the first to demonstrate that height may be a causal -- not correlated -- risk factor for AFib.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Kirchhof and colleagues et al. (N Engl J Med. 2020;383(14):1305-1316 PMID: 32865375) randomized patients with early atrial fibrillation (AF) to rhythm control or usual care. The first primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular death, stroke, or hospitalization with heart failure heart failure or coronary syndrome. The second primary outcome was the number of nights spent in the hospital. The trial was stopped for efficacy after a median of 5.1 years of follow-up of 2789 patients. A first-primary-outcome event occurred in 249 patients with rhythm control (3.9/100 person-years) and in 316 patients with usual care (5.0...
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Gheini A, Pourya A, Pooria A Abstract Cardiac arrhythmias are associated with several cardiac diseases and are prevalent in people with or without structural and valvular abnormalities. Ventricular arrhythmias (VA) can be life threating and its onset requires immediate medical attention. Similarly, atrial fibrillation and flutter lead to stroke, heart failure and even death. Optimal treatment of VA is very variable and depends on the medical condition associated with the rhythm disorder (which includes reversible causes such as myocardial ischemia or pro-arrhythmic drugs). While an implanted cardioverter d...
Source: Cardiovascular and Hematological Disorders Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Cardiovasc Hematol Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewWith the aging population, atrial fibrillation (AF) associations with both stroke and dementia have become a priority for the healthcare system. The purpose of this paper is to review the emerging role of clinical scores and biomarkers in the risk stratification of AF patients for risk of stroke and risk of dementia.Recent FindingsAF is the most common arrhythmia in the aging population and a common comorbidity in atherosclerotic disease and heart failure. In this review, we identified 34 most relevant papers that specifically address the role of biomarkers in risk-stratifying patients with AF with...
Source: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) carry a poor prognosis in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). The impact of revascularisation therapies on outcomes in these patients is not fully understood.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn the treatment of AF, CA appeared to be superior to AADs, decreasing the risk of all-cause death and cardiovascular hospitalization and improving the long-term QoL of patients with AF. CA was better tolerated and more effective than pharmacological therapy and allowed for improved QoL.
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPostoperative implantation of a permanent RV pacemaker does not alter the long ‐term risks of HF and mortality following mitral valve surgery.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Su Y, Ma M, Zhang H, Pan X, Zhang X, Zhang F, Lv Y, Yan C Abstract Hyponatremia is a risk factor associated with poor prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction. However, whether hyponatremia has a similar role in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has remained controversial. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and 24-month prognostic profile of a cohort of patients with HFpEF in China. From a registered observational cohort study on 1,027 subjects with HF, 496 patients with HFpEF were included. The associat...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, SZV-270 with its combined Class I/B and III effects can prevent re-entry arrhythmias with reduced risk of provoking drug-induced Torsades de Pointes. PMID: 32970956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Can J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Atrial fibrillation and peripheral arterial disease are two conditions associated with high risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications and mortality.1 –5 There is evidence that coexistence of both these clinical conditions can result to an additive risk of adverse events.6 Indeed, atherosclerotic vascular disease has been linked with stroke, thromboembolism and death in subjects with atrial fibrillation and has been therefore included as one of the components of risk scores, such as the CHA2DS2-VASc score (Congestive Heart failure, Hypertension Age> 75 years, DM, Stroke, Vascular disease) in order to...
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractAimsCardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of disorders that increase the risk for atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of AF, anticoagulation management, and risk of stroke/transient ischaemic attack (TIA) in patients with cardiomyopathy.Methods and resultsThree thousand two hundred eight consecutive adult patients with cardiomyopathy (34.9% female; median age: 55.0  years) were prospectively enrolled as part of the EURObservational Research Programme Cardiomyopathy/Myocarditis Registry. At baseline, 903 (28.2%) patients had AF (29.4% dilated, 27.5% hypertrophic, 51.5...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
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