Factoring Prior Treatment Into TB Prevalence Estimates Factoring Prior Treatment Into TB Prevalence Estimates

Excluding patients who have received prior tuberculosis treatment from survey data may help improve infection prevalence estimates.Emerging Infectious Diseases
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

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In this study, we developed a novel immunotherapeutic peptide by linking the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) functional peptide to the extracellular domain of FPR1, a protein overexpressed in cervical cancer, to obtain an MTBHsp70-exFPR1 fusion protein. Our experiments confirmed that the MTBHsp70-exFPR1 protein could promote DC maturation and induce the secretion of IL-12p70, IL-1β, and TNF-α. The antitumor effect of human cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) activated by autologous DCs was assessed in NOG mice. These results indicate that DCs pulsed with MTBHsp70-exFPR1 can enhance anti...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe found that MSCs combined with hydroxyapatite represents a potential therapy for bone regeneration in VBD. Further clinical studies are required to investigate the safety and efficacy of this combination of therapy in VBDs.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
A financially troubled Seattle research institute cut back programs, leaving researchers to find new homes for work on infectious diseases like tuberculosis and leprosy.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Infectious Disease Research Institute Vaccination and Immunization Tuberculosis Philanthropy Nonprofit Organizations Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Leprosy (Hansen ' s Disease) Leishmaniasis Layoffs and Job Reductions Seattle (Wash) your- Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): V. Guétin-Poirier, J. Rivière, B. DufourAbstractIn the French bovine tuberculosis (bTB) surveillance program, tracing-on and back investigations have a major importance as, in 2016, they represented about 21% of the detected outbreaks. Building on our previous work on the other surveillance system components (Poirier et al., 2019), we evaluated for the first time the sensitivity and the cost of the two existing protocols of bTB’s tracing-on investigations trough scenario tree modelling with a stochastic a...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Authors: Erenel H, Alpay V, Alakbarova U, Mut A, Atilgan H, Demiroz AS, Ocal P PMID: 31826685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
ConclusionIn residential settings, sufficient exposure to a variety of dusts, primarily silica-based dusts as well as those containing other less-fibrogenic materials, such as carbon, silicates and iron, have been shown to cause mixed-dust pneumoconiosis. In settings where the incidence of TB is very high, such as South Africa, the diagnosis of MDP might be overlooked due to the similarities of both diseases in their radiological presentations, especially when a detailed history of domestic exposure is omitted.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
[Premium Times] Nigeria's First Lady, Aisha Buhari, has appointed Dolapo Osinbajo, the wife of the vice president of Nigeria, and wives of all governors of states across Nigeria as 'champions' to lead the fight against TB in Nigeria.
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
[The Conversation Africa] The infectious disease burden in Africa is very high, particularly for tuberculosis (TB), malaria and HIV/AIDS. In 2018, nearly a quarter (24%) of TB cases in the world were in Africa. The region accounted for 93% of malaria cases. The continent also bears the brunt of the HIV epidemic: 20.6 million of the 37.9 million people living with HIV are in eastern and southern Africa.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Contributors : Stefan K öster ; Sandeep Upadhyay ; Pallavi Chandra ; Kadamba Papavinasasundaram ; Guozhe Yang ; Amir Hassan ; Steven J Grigsby ; Ekansh Mittal ; Heidi S Park ; Victoria Jones ; Fong-Fu Hsu ; Mary Jackson ; Christopher M Sassetti ; Jennifer A PhilipsSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Mus musculusMycobacterium tuberculosis ’success as a pathogen comes from itsability to evade degradation by macrophages. Normally macro-phages clear microorganisms that activate pathogen-recognitionreceptors (PRRs) through a lysosomal-trafficking pathway called“LC3-associa...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
18F ‐FDG PET/CT has a higher sensitivity and diagnostic accuracy for malignant solitary pulmonary nodule. However, it has a high false positive rate and low specificity when diagnosing SPN in tuberculosis endemic areas. AbstractObjectiveTo determine the diagnostic efficacy of18F ‐FDG PET/CT in distinguishing between pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and lung cancer in solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) in a country with a high prevalence of PTB.MethodsPatients with SPN who underwent18F ‐FDG PET/CT imaging were retrospectively included in the study. The final diagnosis was established by histopathology. A linear regression eq...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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