Whole-genome sequencing of human Pegivirus variant from an Egyptian patient co-infected with hepatitis C virus: a case report

Human pegivirus (HPgV) is structurally similar to hepatitis C virus (HCV) and was discovered 20 years ago. Its distribution, natural history and exact rule of this viral group in human hosts remain unclear. Ou...
Source: Virology Journal - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

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Blood tests can usually show whether a person has hepatitis C. However, these tests can give false-positive readings. Here, learn why this can happen.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Liver Disease / Hepatitis Source Type: news
ConclusionHCV infection was common in certain districts of Punjab and common in adults of 40–60 years. This finding needs to be confirmed in larger population-based study. The IV drug abuse is the risk factor of concern among young adults.
Source: Medical Journal Armed Forces India - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study modeled the prevention impact achieved from initiating a treat-all policy for HCV compared with treating different subgroups at country, regional and global levels.Journal of Viral Hepatitis
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Gastroenterology Journal Article Source Type: news
AbstractBackgroundThe ratio of von Willebrand Factor to platelets (VITRO) reflects the severity of fibrosis and portal hypertension and might thus hold prognostic value.MethodsPatients with compensated cirrhosis were recruited. VITRO, Child –Pugh score (CPS) and MELD were determined at study entry. Hepatic decompensation was defined as variceal bleeding, ascites or hepatic encephalopathy. Liver transplantation and death were recorded.ResultsOne hundred and ninety-four patients with compensated cirrhosis (CPS-A 89%, B 11%; 56% male; median age 56  years; 50% with varices) were included. During a median follow-up ...
Source: Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractThe most characteristic feature of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genome in patients with chronic hepatitis C is its remarkable variability and diversity. To better understand this feature, we performed genetic analysis of HCV replicons recovered from two human hepatoma HuH-7-derived cell lines after 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9  years in culture: The cell lines 50-1 and sO harbored HCV 1B-1 and O strain-derived HCV replicons established in 2002 and 2003, respectively. The results revealed that genetic variations in both replicons accumulated in a time-dependent manner at a constant rate despite the maintenance of moderate ...
Source: Archives of Virology - Category: Virology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effect of WDL on lytic human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection. We demonstrate a strong interference with HCMV replication as analyzed in multi-round replication settings. A more detailed analysis of the underlying mechanisms revealed that WDL acts at two distinct steps of the viral replication cycle. During immediate early (IE) times, we observe an inhibition of IE1/IE2 expression. Although WDL was reported to interfere with NF-κB signaling our results suggest the existence of additional mechanisms that impede viral IE expression. During later time points of infection, WDL induced a...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Authors: Emara M, Mohsen E, Shawky RM, El-Domany RA Abstract The relation between non-organ specific autoantibodies (NOSA) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been investigated within different communities resulting in different prevalence rates and patterns. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of some NOSA such as RF-IgG, ANA, ASMA, and LKM-1 in Egyptian patients with HCV group as compared with Egyptian healthy controls group. A total of 186 HCV positive serum samples in addition to 81 samples from healthy control were screened for the presence of some common autoantibodies (RF-IgG, A...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Theresa Stocks, Leah J. Martin, Sharon Kühlmann-Berenzon, Tom BrittonAbstractTo reach the WHO goal of hepatitis C elimination, it is essential to identify the number of people unaware of their hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and to investigate the effect of interventions on the disease transmission dynamics. In many high-income countries, one of the primary routes of HCV transmission is via contaminated needles shared by people who inject drugs (PWIDs). However, substantial underreporting combined with high uncertainty regarding the size ...
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
In 2018, the number of bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) reported in the United States reached an all-time high. This is worrisome for many reasons. Having an STI can raise risks for HIV, infertility, pregnancy complications, and infant death. Fortunately, all of these outcomes can be avoided if people receive appropriate treatment. What are STIs? STIs are illnesses caused by microorganisms passed between people during sex. An STI can affect anyone who is exposed to it. Syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia are the most common bacterial infections. Trichomoniasis, a protozoan infection, is also diagnosed freque...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health HIV Men's Health Relationships Sexual Conditions Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Authors: Ohya K, Kawaoka T, Imamura M, Morio K, Nakahara T, Murakami E, Yamauchi M, Hiramatsu A, Tsuge M, Aikata H, Chayama K Abstract Although direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have significantly increased the sustained virological response (SVR) rates in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected adult patients, the efficacy and safety for children remain unclear. We herein report three HCV-infected children who received DAA treatment. The patients were girls 10-13 years old who had been infected with genotype 1b HCV by vertical transmission based on a phylogenetic tree analysis. Two patients were treated with 12 wee...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
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