Feasibility of Using Fat Degeneration of Lumbar Extensor Muscle as an Alternative Diagnostic Criterion for Sarcopenia in Patients with Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures.

Conclusions: These results suggest the feasibility of using fat degeneration of LEM as an alternative diagnostic criterion for sarcopenia in patients with osteoporotic vertebral fractures. A cut-off value of fat degeneration of LEM of 31.9% was shown to be useful for diagnosing osteoporotic vertebral fractures. PMID: 31711061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research

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The objective of this study was to determine the effects of a moderately CHO ‐restricted diet (CRD) vs fat‐restricted diet (FRD) in adolescents with NAFLD on reduction in liver fat and insulin resistance.MethodsThirty ‐two children/adolescents (age 9‐17) with obesity and NAFLD were randomized to a CRD (50% energy from CHO:protein:fat) or FRD (55:25:20) for 8  weeks. Caloric intakes were calculated to be weight maintaining. Change in hepatic lipid content was measured via magnetic resonance imaging, body composition via dual energy X ray absorptiometry and insulin resistance via a fasting blood sample.Results...
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conclusions: Paraspinal muscles evaluated with MRI were more significantly associated with the pathology of ASD compared with appendicular skeletal muscle evaluations with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The present study indicates that multifidus and erector muscles significantly influenced the maintenance of the pelvic alignment. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Primary Research Source Type: research
Abstract Monitoring whole body composition (fat mass and fat-free mass) in preterm infants may assist in optimizing nutrition and promoting growth and neurodevelopment in the neonatal intensive care unit. Currently, body composition assessment is not part of routine clinical evaluation of premature infants. Instead, weight and length are used to assess growth but are known to be poor predictors of adiposity shortly after birth. Although body composition methods, such as magnetic resonance imaging, stable-isotope dilution, and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, have been examined in infants, they involve exposure to...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24: 030-037 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3400267Body composition entails the measurement of muscle and fat mass in the body and has been shown to impact clinical outcomes in various aspects of human health. As a result, the need is growing for reliable and efficient noninvasive tools to measure body composition. Traditional methods of estimating body composition, anthropomorphic measurements, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and bioelectrical impedance, are limited in their application. Cross-sectional imaging remains the reference standard for body composition analysis and is accomplished through ...
Source: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
The aging process is characterized by the chronic inflammatory status called “inflammaging”, which shares major molecular and cellular features with the metabolism-induced inflammation called “metaflammation.” Metaflammation is mainly driven by overnutrition and nutrient excess, but other contributing factors are metabolic modifications related to the specific body composition (BC) changes occurring with age. The aging process is indeed characterized by an increase in body total fat mass and a concomitant decrease in lean mass and bone density, that are independent from general and physiological flu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsLMI seems to be a positive predictor of regional white matter volumes in children with overweight/obesity.
Source: Pediatric Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
ConclusionThese modified recommendations provide guidance for rheumatologists, radiologists and healthcare professionals on timely diagnosis of axSpA and disease management with appropriate imaging modalities.
Source: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research
Authors: Dias KA, Ramos JS, Wallen MP, Davies PSW, Cain PA, Leong GM, Ingul CB, Coombes JS, Keating SE Abstract Background: Increased visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is strongly associated with cardiometabolic risk factors. Accurate quantification of VAT is available through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which incurs a significant financial and time burden. We aimed to assess the accuracy of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry- (DXA-) derived VAT (DXA-VAT) against a gold standard MRI protocol (MRI-VAT) in children with normal weight and obesity cross-sectionally, and over the course of a lifestyle intervention. ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research
The objective of this review is to discuss current modalities and devices as well as highlight promising advancements intended to aid in diagnosing secondary lymp hedema in breast cancer patients.Recent FindingsImaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can offer high resolution of the lymphatics but are expensive and time-consuming. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is an alternative that reveals organ function as opposed to organ structure. Other imaging methods, such as color duplex ultrasound (CDU), laser scanner 3D (LS3D), and dual-energy X-ray absorptiome...
Source: Current Breast Cancer Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The obesity-asthma link is mainly driven by visceral fat, independent of total fat mass, which implies that abdominal fat accumulation might play a role in asthma development.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric respiratory epidemiology Source Type: research
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