Modified frailty index predicts high-risk patients for readmission after colorectal surgery for cancer

ConclusionsAn 11-point modified frailty index as measured in NSQIP correlates with readmissions after colorectal resection in patients with colon and rectal cancer.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Authors: Ding Y, Li Z, Gao H, Cao Y, Jin W Abstract PURPOSE: To compare the short-term efficacy between natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) without abdominal incision and conventional laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of sigmoid colon cancer and upper rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 86 patients scheduled to undergo laparoscope-assisted radical surgery of sigmoid cancer or upper rectal cancer from January 2015 to September 2017 (T1-3 stages in preoperative imaging evaluation, no distant metastasis, and body mass index
Source: Journal of B.U.ON. - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J BUON Source Type: research
This study aims to assess long-term outcomes of emergency versus elective CRC surgery.MethodsSingle-center retrospective cohort study. Patients undergoing emergency or elective CRC surgery from July 2002 to January 2013 were included. Primary outcome was 5-year survival, secondary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and local tumor recurrence.ResultsOverall, 475 patients were included. Median age was 69.0 (IQR 59.0 –77.0) years. A total of 141 patients (30%) were operated for rectal cancer and 334 patients (70%) for colon cancer. Median follow-up was 445 (IQR 67–1409) days. Emergency resection was performed in ...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
This study to describe the main characteristics of this malignancy regarding age, gender, and anatomical sub site distribution, as well as the main presenting symptoms in Iraqi patients.Patients and methodsPatients with newly-diagnosed CRC by colonoscopy findings and confirmed by histopathological examination of endoscopic colonic biopsies were studied.ResultsSixty three cases with a newly-diagnosed CRC were included in this study. There were 31 (49.2%) males and 32 (50.8%) females. CRC peaked in the 60–69 years old age group (p 
Source: Journal of Coloproctology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Fluoroscopic guided percutaneous ureteral stents placement is a safe, efficient procedure and has a high success rate in patients with malignant ureteral obstruction. PMID: 30909269 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
Rationale: Radiation enteritis (RE) is one of the serious complications caused by the radiotherapy and it can occur in any segment of the intestine, including small intestine, colon, and rectum. It can cause a number of serious problems of the intestine, such as chronic ulcers, bleeding, intestinal stenosis, intestinal fistula, and perforation. At present, there is no standard treatment guideline for the RE. Patient Concerns: A 54-year-old male patient received surgery and chemotherapy for rectal cancer and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for a single metastatic carcinoma of the liver. Three years later, he was diagnose...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONCombined therapy using catheter embolization and surgical revascularization is a minimally invasive and effective treatment option for a ruptured pseudoaneurysm of the iliac artery.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionRectal surgery in inflammatory conditions is technically challenging. Close rectal dissection is an alternate approach available to colorectal surgeons in these cases to minimize pelvic morbidity and optimize postoperative outcomes.
Source: The Surgeon - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: POA was an independent risk factor for incisional surgical site infection after colorectal resection for CRC, and correcting POA should be considered before elective surgery. PMID: 29853859 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Pelvic exenteration in an urgent setting is feasible and could offer acceptable outcomes. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/A591.
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
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