Combined General and Epidural Anesthesia is Associated With Decreased Opioid Consumption and Enhanced Pain Control After Penile Inversion Vaginoplasty in Transwomen

This study compares the postoperative pain and opioid use in patients managed for surgery with general anesthesia (GA) with patients who were given combined epidural and general anesthesia (E/GA) with continuing postoperative epidural analgesia. Methods All patients who underwent penile inversion vaginoplasty between May of 2016 and May of 2018 under the care of single surgeon were identified retrospectively, 18 patients of which met the inclusion criteria. A retrospective chart review was conducted. Outcome measures were postoperative pain using visual analog scale, type and dosage of postoperatively administered intravenous or oral opioids (converted to morphine milligram equivalents, duration of inpatient admission, and time to ambulation. Results Patients who received combined E/GA reported significantly less pain and used less opioids during the first 4 postoperative days in comparison with patients who received GA alone. The reduction in mean pain associated with the use of an epidural was found to be statistically significant (P
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research

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