Race and sex differences in modifiable risk factors and incident heart failure

ConclusionsIn this high-risk low-income cohort, contributions of risk factors to HF varied, particularly by race. To reduce the population burden of HF, interventions tailored for specific race and sex groups may be warranted.Graphical abstract
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionLV mass and diastolic function were not affected after 1  year of metformin treatment in patients with T2DM. However, we observed benefits in terms of reductions in both BMI and LDL-C levels and preservation of renal function.Trial RegistrationUMIN000006504. Registered 7 October 2011.
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Meta-analyses of all glucose-lowering RCTs involving patients with diabetes provide precise estimates of benefits for CHD and major cardiovascular events after consideration of the resulting ongoing BP difference. No benefit or harm on mortality, heart failure and stroke were noticed, while discontinuations related to adverse events because of treatment were increased following glucose-lowering. The extent of glucose-lowering is proportionally related to changes of CHD and stroke composite, and treatment-related discontinuations.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundFunctional limitations may be more common in middle-aged adults than previously recognized. However, there are few published data on the prevalence of activity limitations, and their association with multimorbidity, among adults 50 to 64  years old.ObjectiveTo describe the prevalence of activity limitations and the association with multimorbidity in middle-aged adults.DesignCross-sectional analysis of US population-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011 –2016.ParticipantsThe total number of community-dwelling NHANES participants aged 50 –64 years old is ...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
ABSTRACTBackgroundNutritional status is associated with poor outcomes in patients with heart failure. Serum cholinesterase (CHE) concentration, a marker of malnutrition, was reported to be a prognostic factor in patients with chronic heart failure. The geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are established objective nutritional indices.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to clarify the prognostic significance of CHE concentration and to compare it with other well-established objective nutritional indices in patients with acute dec...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Nutritional status is associated with poor outcomes in patients with heart failure. Serum cholinesterase (CHE) concentration, a marker of malnutrition, was reported to be a prognostic factor in patients with chronic heart failure. The geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are established objective nutritional indices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the prognostic significance of CHE concentration and to compare it with other well-established objective nutritional indices in pat...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the impaired in situ activity of RyR2 may also account for the poor overall cardiac outcome reported in MetS patients; hence, the SERCA pump and RyR2 are both attractive potential targets for future therapies. Introduction Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of biochemical and physiological risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2); it represents a severe public health problem around the world (Alberti et al., 2009). Risk factors for MetS include obesity (particularly central obesity), elevated triglyceride (TG) levels, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with moderate-intensity continuous training (MCT) on endothelial function, oxidative stress and clinical fitness in patients with type 1 diabetes. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (mean age 23.5 ± 6 years) were randomized into 3 groups: HIIT, MCT, and a non-exercising group (CON). Exercise was performed in a stationary cycle ergometers during 40 min, 3 times/week, for 8 weeks at 50–85% maximal heart rate (HRmax) in HIIT and 50% HRmax in MCT. Endothelial function was measured by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) [endothelium-depende...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Myocardial energy metabolism is a complex process, which consists of a network of biochemical reactions and pathways. The initial stage is energy substrate utilization due to its uptake and metabolism as well as following participation of intermediates in TCA cycle. Then mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation enables generation of ATP molecules, and finally, the creatine kinase system transports ATP from mitochondria to the sarcomeres. In the light of the foregoing evidence, metabolism of the heart subjected to pressure overload may be disturbed in all of this areas. In spite of differences among humans and an...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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