Feasibility and Safety of Early Oral Feeding in Patients with Gastric Cancer After Radical Gastrectomy

This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of early oral feeding (EOF) for patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. The EOF protocol was implemented in 397 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy between 2005 and 2014 at our hospital. The protocol was common in 277 patients after distal gastrectomy (DG) and 120 patients after total gastrectomy (TG). The patients were scheduled to start drinking water in the morning of the first postoperative day and to start thin rice gruel with a liquid nutrition supplement on the second postoperative day. We analyzed the incidence of postoperative complications and surgical outcomes in these patients. Furthermore, we analyzed risk factors for dropout from the EOF protocol. All patients started drinking water, while 26 patients were unable to start eating. The EOF protocol was implemented in 371 patients (93%), and 48 patients stopped eating. Specifically, 227 patients (87%) after DG and 96 patients (88%) after TG followed the EOF protocol perfectly. The incidence of postoperative complications, including anastomotic leakage (n = 0), ileus (n = 22), and pneumonia (n = 11), was 15% and that of clinically significant events ( ≥ grade 3) was 4.3%. Multivariate analysis showed that the male gender, comorbidities, and intra-operative bleeding are independent risk factors for dropout from the EOF protocol. EOF can be safely implemented in patients after radical gastrectomy.
Source: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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