Evaluation of cutaneous, oral and intestinal microbiota in patients affected by pemphigus and bullous pemphigoid: A pilot study.

CONCLUSION: Firmicutes phylum and Staphilococcus genus were the most represented in OM and CM swabs of PV and BP microbial populations. Moreover, we argue the quantitative imbalance linked to the decrease of Bacteriodetes in the oral cavity of PV patients might be associated to disease typical fetor. To shed light on this peculiar feature further studies are still required. PMID: 31705881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Molecular Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Exp Mol Pathol Source Type: research

Related Links:

dwig RJ Abstract The autoimmune skin blistering diseases pemphigus (vulgaris and foliaceus) and bullous pemphigoid (BP) pose a high burden on affected patients. With current treatment options, induction of remission is achieved in most patients. However, prolonged immunosuppression is required to maintain remission, and treatment-related morbidity and mortality further adds to the patients' burden1,2 . Hence, development of novel therapeutic strategies that are effective and safe is highly warranted. Recently, insights into pemphigus and BP pathogenesis identified new therapeutic targets and drugs3 . PMID: 31...
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research
AbstractPatients with pemphigus and bullous pemphigoid (BP) have potential risk factors for osteoporosis and/or fractures. To determine whether pemphigus and BP are associated with osteoporosis and fractures in the US, a  cross-sectional study of 198,102,435 adults was performed, including 4506 with pemphigus and 8864 with BP from the 2006–2012 National Emergency Department Sample, a 20% sample of emergency care visits throughout the US. Pemphigus was associated with higher odds (multivariate logistic regression ; adjusted odds ratio [95% confidence intervals]) of osteopenia (2.20 [1.59–3.05]), osteop...
Source: Archives of Dermatological Research - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract Methotrexate (MTX), an agent originally intended for anti-neoplastic use, has been successfully employed in the treatment of a variety of dermatologic conditions. In addition to its multiple clinical indications, variable dosing and modes of administration make it a viable option for patients of all ages and most comorbidities. MTX is a folate analog that antagonizes dihydrofolate reductase, thus inhibiting thymidylate synthesis and, ultimately, the production of pyrimidine. Depending on dosage, MTX can function as an anti-inflammatory agent, immunomodulator, or antimetabolite. Patients suffering from pso...
Source: Skin Therapy Letter - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Skin Therapy Lett Source Type: research
Mucocutaneous diseases affecting the oral cavity are predominantly immune mediated or inflammatory. Three of the most common and clinically significant conditions are reviewed in this article: lichen planus, pemphigus vulgaris, and mucous membrane pemphigoid. Because oral manifestations may be the first or only manifestation of mucocutaneous diseases, oral health professionals play a critical role in the early diagnosis and multidisciplinary management of these conditions.
Source: Dental Clinics of North America - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Autoimmune blistering diseases (AIBDs) of the skin are characterized by autoantibodies against different intra-/extracellular structures within the epidermis and at the basement membrane zone (BMZ). Binding of the antibodies to their target antigen leads to inflammation at the respective binding site and degradation of these structures, resulting in the separation of the affected skin layers. Clinically, blistering, erythema and lesions of the skin and/or mucous membranes can be observed. Based on the localization of the autoantigen, AIBDs can be divided into pemphigus (intra-epidermal blistering diseases) and pemphigoid d...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the association of autoimmune bullous diseases [bullous pemphigoid (BP) and pemphigus vulgaris (PV)] with radiotherapy (RT) among patients with breast cancer from a population-based Taiwanese database. The case –control study included 365 women with BP or PV and 1460 randomly selected propensity score-matched controls without BP or PV. We compared the prevalences of prior RT and breast cancer between the cases and controls. In addition, we performed multivariable logistic regression analysis to calculate the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for developing BP or PV acco...
Source: Archives of Dermatological Research - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) and mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) are rare chronic autoimmune disorders characterized by subepidermal blistering. For the United States, there is a limited amount of studies in BP and MMP that address disease demographics and clinical data. In order to more comprehensively examine disease demographics and clinical factors, we performed a retrospective analysis of patient-reported data of 138 BP and 165 MMP patients enrolled in the International Pemphigus &Pemphigoid Foundation (IPPF) disease registry from 2010–2016. Patient-reported data was compared to Physician/Investigator reported d...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Bullous diseases are uncommon in children; however, as they have the potential to affect quality of life, occasionally have long-term side effects in the setting of scarring processes, and carry a rare risk of underlying malignancy [e.g., with paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP)], knowledge of their clinical presentation and treatment options is essential. Given the rarity of these conditions, our current state of knowledge is largely derived from case reports and case series, with a paucity of evidence-based recommendations. In this review, we discuss the clinical presentation of and treatment options for lin...
Source: Paediatric Drugs - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Paediatr Drugs Source Type: research
AbstractBullous diseases are uncommon in children; however, as they have the potential to affect quality of life, occasionally have long-term side effects in the setting of scarring processes, and carry a rare risk of underlying malignancy [e.g., with paraneoplastic pemphigus (PNP)], knowledge of their clinical presentation and treatment options is essential. Given the rarity of these conditions, our current state of knowledge is largely derived from case reports and case series, with a paucity of evidence-based recommendations. In this review, we discuss the clinical presentation of and treatment options for linear immuno...
Source: Pediatric Drugs - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Conclusions: Rituximab is both safe and effective for the treatment of acquired angioedema with C1-inhibitor deficiency, ANCA-associated vasculitis, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Behçet’s disease, bullous pemphigoid, Castleman’s disease, cryoglobulinemia, Goodpasture’s disease, IgG4-related disease, immune thrombocytopenia, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, membraneous nephropathy, relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, nephrotic syndrome, neuromyelitis optica, pemphigus, rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy, and systemic sclerosis. Conversely, rituximab failed to show an effec...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
More News: Dermatology | Pathology | Pemphigoid | Pemphigus | Science | Skin | Study