Purple Urine Bag Syndrome: A Rare Clinical Case.

In this report, a 60 years old woman with a past medical history of significant chronic kidney disease undergoing regular hemodialysis, chronic constipation and hepatitis B was admitted to our neurology clinic because of acute intracerebral hemorrhage. She had confusion and right hemiplegia in her neurological examination and required urinary catheterization due to immobilization. Red coloration was observed in urine on the tenth hospital day. Although this coloration was thought to be hematuria, according to urine examination it was not hematuria. Then urine color turned into purple within two days. The next day, because of fever, full blood count and other blood investigations were performed and urine was sent to the laboratory for culture. Empirical piperacillin-tazobactam and teicoplanin antibiotic treatments were commenced. In the urine culture, 105 cfu/ml Enterococcus faecalis was isolated. According to the antibiotic susceptibility results the therapy was changed and meropenem was added to the treatment. For her constipation, supportive managements such as hydration, nutrition and laxative treatment were applied. After all the treatments, the patient's constipation regressed, the urine had become normal colored and the following urine cultures were not revealed any bacterial growth. As in this case, when the urine discoloration occurs, PUBS should be kept in mind which is especially seen in elderly female patients with chronic constipation, urinary catheterization, uri...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

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Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Predictive value of plasmacytoid dendritic cells and Toll-like receptor-9 regarding the treatment efficacy of interferon-α in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients. Exp Ther Med. 2019 Dec;18(6):4541-4546 Authors: Chen Y, Yang JE, Tang JM, Mao QG, Zheng QZ, Zheng Y Abstract Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection represents a public health threat and a challenge for the medical community. Untimely treatment may lead to liver cirrhosis and even liver cancer. At present, the major treatment for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B patients includes administration of interferon-...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Celiac disease is a common form of enteropathy with frequent extraintestinal manifestations (EIM). Misrecognition of these presentations may lead to significant delays in diagnosis. Any organ may be involved, either through an immune/inflammatory phenomenon, or nutritional deficiencies. Some EIM, such as gluten ataxia, may be irreversible if left untreated, but most will improve with a gluten-free diet. Knowledge of the various EIM, as well as the associated conditions which do not improve on a gluten-free diet, will avoid delays in the diagnosis and management of celiac disease and associated manifestations.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: CLINICAL REVIEWS Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore whether quantitative surface antigen [hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)] can be used as a surrogate marker of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA to predict hepatitis B transmission before the first hepatitis vaccine dose in infants born to hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive pregnant women. Background: Currently, HBV transmission persistently occurs worldwide, especially in infants born to e antigen (HBeAg)-positive highly viremic mothers. However, due to high cost, the extensive use of viral load testing to identify these high-risk mothers is limited. Materials and Methods: In total of 275 ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: LIVER, PANCREAS & BILIARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 December 2019Source: Materials LettersAuthor(s): Sheena Raina, Anupma Thakur, Aditi Sharma, D. Pooja, Anu Priya MinhasAbstractThe present was the first report on the synthesis of Carbon dots (CDs) using the acetone leaf extract of Cannabis sativa, an abundant weed plant as a sole carbon precursor. The obtained ∼5 nm spherical CD particles (exhibiting 13% absolute quantum yield) were further to synthesize silver@CDs (Ag@CDs). CDs and Ag@CDs characterization revealed characteristic functional groups attributing to the aromatic, carboxylated and hydroxylated moieties. Ether and acetone...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 November 2019Source: CarbonAuthor(s): Su Han Kim, Jie Jiang, Suhee Jang, Jae Hyung Lee, Dong Won Yang, Won Jun Chang, Jae Hyeok Shin, Nuri Oh, Jaeyong Kim, Ruth Pachter, Won Il ParkAbstractThere have been many efforts to grow high-quality, single-crystalline graphene on a cheap substrate, such as a metal foil. However, control of nucleation and growth of individual flakes, as well as their seamless stitching, remains elusive. Here we demonstrate a new strategy to fast and facile synthesis of large scale single-crystal graphene on copper foil. Polycrystalline Cu foils were first convert...
Source: Carbon - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Influence of lncRNA ANRIL on neuronal apoptosis in rats with cerebral infarction by regulating the NF-κB signaling pathway. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2019 Nov;23(22):10092-10100 Authors: Zhao JH, Wang B, Wang XH, Wang JR, Xu CW Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of long non-coding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) on neuronal apoptosis in rats with cerebral infarction (CI), and to further explore the underlying mechanism of lncRNA ANRIL in the occurrence and development of CI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Zhao JH, Wang B, Wang XH, Xu CW Abstract OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of long non-coding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA) growth arrest specific 5 (GAS5) knockdown on the apoptosis of neurons in rats with cerebral infarction (CI), and to explore the potential mechanism of lncRNA GAS5 in the pathogenesis of CI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 adult male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats aged 12-14 weeks old and weighing (267.14±6.49) g were randomly divided into three groups: Sham operation group (Sham group, n=20), CI group (n=20) and CI + lncRNA GAS5 knockdown group [CI + GAS5 small interfering RNA (s...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Cozzani E, Herzum A, Burlando M, Parodi A Abstract Hepatotropic viral infections are a relevant global health problem and present multiple extrahepatic manifestations in addition to hepatic disease. Along with generic cutaneous symptoms correlated to the cholestatic liver disease that may arise during the infection, some cutaneous manifestations of hepatotropic viral infections are characteristic, enabling to suspect the underlying infection. This review will present the principal cutaneous manifestations of hepatotropic virus infection. Cutaneous manifestations are rare in HAV infections: these include ur...
Source: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia - Category: Dermatology Tags: G Ital Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research
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